Particulate matter containing metals that is released in emissions from copper smelters or refineries, or from both

Smelters are facilities which uses high temperature chemical processes to recover base metals, while a refinery is a plant in which impurities are separated from metals using thermal or electrolytic processes. Releases from copper smelters/refineries are complex mixtures containing varying amounts of numerous substances. Most releases (on a mass basis) are discharged to air and releases to air have the greatest potential for causing widespread effects.

CAS number not applicable.

Risk Assessment


This substance is entering the environment from the following source(s):

Risk Management Tool(s)

Tool(s) developed to manage risks associated with releases:


Email address:
Fax number: (819) 994-0007

Chemicals Management Division
Environment Canada
Fontaine Building
200 Sacré Coeur Blvd.
Gatineau, Quebec
K1A 0H3

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