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Internal Quality Assurance Requirements for the Analysis of Dioxins in Environmental Samples

References

Dioxin Quality Assurance Committee (DQAC), "Quality Assurance Protocol for CPPA National Dioxin Characterization of Canadian Bleached Chemical Pulping Operations", (January, 1989).

Environment Canada, "A Method for the Analysis of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-para-dioxins (PCDDs), Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in Samples from Incineration of PCB Waste", Conservation and Protection, Ottawa, Ontario, Report EPS l/RM/3 (1990).

Environment Canada, "Reference Method for the determination of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-para-dioxins (PCDDs) and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents", Conservation and Protection, Ottawa, Ontario, Report EPS l/RM/19 (1992).

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), "Standard Reference Material 1614, 2,3,7,8-TCDD in Isooctane", U.S. Department of Commerce (1985).

NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society (NATO-CCMS), "International Toxicity Equivalency Factor (I-TEF) Method of Risk Assessment for Complex Mixture of Dioxins and Related Compounds", NATO-CCMS Report No. 176 (1988).

Taylor, J.K., "Quality Assurance of Chemical Measurements", Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, Michigan (1990).

U.S. EPA, "EPA Method 1613: Tetra through Octa-chlorinated Dioxins and Furans by Isotope Dilution HRGC/HRMS", Revision A, U.S. EPA (april 1990).

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