Sustainable Fish Harvest Data

The table shows the number and percentage of major fish stocks harvested in Canada in 2011 relative to approved levels: at or below removal levels; at or below other approved levels; and above approved levels.

Number of major stocks harvested relative to approved levels, Canada, 2011
Major fish stocks harvestedNumber of major fish stocksPercentage of major fish stocks
At or below removal reference6743
At or below other approved levels7045
Above approved levels1812

Note: Major stocks were harvested above approved levels primarily in competitive fisheries or because of incidental landings in other directed fisheries.

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The table shows the number of major fish stocks harvested in Canada in 2011 relative to approved levels: at or below removal levels; at or below other approved levels; and above approved levels, by stock group and species.

Number of major stocks harvested relative to approved levels, by group, Canada, 2011
Stock groupSpecies includedAt or below removal reference
(number of stocks)
At or below other approved levels
(number of stocks)
Above approved levels*
(number of stocks)
Marine MammalsWhales, walrus1100
GroundfishHake, plaice, cod, haddock, halibut, flounder, pollock, redfish, skate, sablefish, lingcod, rockfish, perch, thornyhead82114
Small PelagicsHerring, walleye, mackerel, whitefish, capelin, sardine, striped bass, gaspereau, eulachon5152
Large PelagicsTuna, swordfish, shark250
SalmonidsSalmon, trout, char1250
CrustaceansCrab, lobster, shrimp, prawn, krill2771
MolluscsScallop, clam, geoduck, whelk961
OthersSea cucumber, sea urchin, eels310
Total 677018

Note: Pelagic fish live in midwater or close to the surface, in contrast to groundfish, which are usually caught near the ocean bottom. Crustaceans are shelled animals with joints, such as lobsters, crab and shrimp. Molluscs include bivalve shellfish species such as clams, oysters and mussels.
* Major stocks were harvested above approved levels primarily in competitive fisheries or because of incidental landings in other directed fisheries. Stocks that are harvested above approved levels are subject to quota reconciliation. Quota reconciliation provides that overharvest of a stock in one year is deducted from the harvest limit established for the following year.

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