Indicators supporting the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy
This page presents the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators that support the 2016–2019 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS). The indicators are provided under the FSDS aspirational long-term goal they link to.
Effective action on climate change
A low-carbon economy contributes to limiting global average temperature rise to well below two degrees Celsius and supports efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
- Greenhouse gas emissions (updated April 2017)
- Greenhouse gas emissions per person and per unit gross domestic product (updated April 2017)
- Progress towards Canada's greenhouse gas emissions reduction target (updated February 2017)
Healthy coasts and oceans
Coasts and oceans support healthy, resilient and productive ecosystems.
- Canada's protected areas (updated August 2017)
- Sustainable fish harvest (updated March 2017)
- Status of major fish stocks (updated March 2017)
- Number of marine pollution spills from identified vessels (updated June 2015)
- Shellfish growing area quality indicator (updated December 2011)
- Managing disposal at sea (updated February 2016)
Pristine lakes and rivers
Clean and healthy lakes and rivers support economic prosperity and the well-being of Canadians.
- Water quality in Canadian rivers (updated August 2017)
- Water quantity in Canadian rivers (updated April 2016)
- Restoring the Great Lakes Areas of Concern (updated November 2016)
- Phosphorus levels in the offshore waters of the Great Lakes (updated May 2017)
- Nutrients in the St. Lawrence River (updated September 2016)
- Reducing phosphorus loads to Lake Simcoe and South-eastern Georgian Bay (updated November 2016)
- Nutrients in Lake Winnipeg (updated November 2016)
- Managing pulp and paper effluent quality in Canada (updated November 2016)
- Managing metal mining effluent quality in Canada (updated November 2016)
Sustainably managed lands and forests
Lands and forests support biodiversity and provide a variety of ecosystem services for generations to come.
Healthy wildlife populations
All species have healthy and viable populations.
Clean drinking water
All Canadians have access to safe drinking water and, in particular, the significant challenges Indigenous communities face are addressed.
- Drinking water advisories in Canada (updated April 2016)
Innovation and ingenuity contribute to a world-leading agricultural sector and food economy for the benefit of all Canadians.
Safe and healthy communities
All Canadians live in clean, sustainable communities that contribute to their health and well-being.
- Air pollutant emissions (updated August 2017)
- Air quality (updated December 2016)
- Air health indicator (updated May 2014)
- Levels of human exposure to harmful substances (updated February 2016)
- Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in fish and sediment (updated January 2015)
- Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in fish and water (updated November 2016)
- Releases of harmful substances to the environment (updated August 2016)
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