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1900-1

(“The Galveston Hurricane”)  † (52–232 Canadian fatalities)

Legend of sources

Storm # 1 made landfall in Ontario as a tropical storm of 74 km/h (40 knots).

This storm, also known as the Galveston Hurricane because of the widespread disaster it wrought on the coastal Texas town, formed on August 27, 1900 in the Atlantic Ocean off the Cape Verde Islands. After the storm’s landfall in Texas, it tracked northwards through the American Midwest, entered the CHC Response Zone on September 11th, and hit Canada on September 12th east of Port Albert, Ontario. The storm crossed southern Ontario, the Gaspe Peninsula of Quebec, New Brunswick, and Newfoundland before exiting the CHC Response Zone on September 14th. Maximum wind speeds for this storm were 213 km/h (115 knots), while the maximum in the CHC Response Zone was 83 km/h (45 knots) and 74 km/h (40 knots) at landfall in Ontario.

The Galveston hurricane was responsible for 52–232 deaths in Canada, mostly due to damage sustained by fishing and shipping vessels off Newfoundland and Prince Edward Island. The large discrepancy between confirmed and unconfirmed deaths is almost entirely in the numbers of missing people from St. Pierre. Crop damage amounting to an estimated $1 million was experienced in Ontario. New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia had to cope with wind and rain damage to crops and structures.

  • 107 people were lost on 8 boats at St. Pierre, France (GGHC)

September 13, 1900

  • The Ali Baba was lost at St. Pierre, France with 13 crew onboard (GGHC)

Ontario

  • Ottawa–winds 48 km/h (26 knots) (GGHC)
  • Recorded rainfall amounts–Bruce Mines 58 mm (2.3 in), Parry Sound 53 mm (2.1in), Emsdale 54 mm (2.1 in), Huntsville 39 mm (1.5in), Uplands 73 mm (2.9 in), and Haileybury 78 mm (3.0in) (GGHC)
  • Windows smashed throughout Toronto (GGHC)
  • Crop damage estimated at $1 million(GGHC)

September 12, 1900

  • Toronto–winds 80–125 km/h (43–67 knots) (TS, MTB)
  • Georgian Bay–25–75 mm(1–3 in) of rain (TS)
  • Swells on the lake reported as 2.4–3.0 m (8–10 ft) higher than normal (TS)
  • Falling trees knocked down telegraph, telephone and electric lines (TS)
  • Paris–$350,000 damage to a flour mill and 50 other stores and offices when gale winds fanned a fire that broke out in the mill. The cause of the fire was unknown (TJ,TS)
  • High winds battered many boats along the lake shore–several boats driven ashore, others destroyed, and several set adrift (TS)
  • St. Catharines–peach, pear, plum, and apple orchards severely damaged by the wind, fruit lost and trees suffered broken limbs (TS)
  • Sailing vessels forced to delay or cancel departures (TS)

September 13, 1900

  • Niagara Falls–one man dead–he was swept into the river as he attempted to clear debris from a pumping station (TS)
  • Schooner Albacore from Toronto grounded and badly damaged (TS)
  • Owen Sound–schooner Mary Everett grounded on rocks–badly damaged (TS)

Quebec

  • Rainfall–Ste. Agathe 36 mm (1.4 in), Quebec City 59 mm (2.3in), Bic 74 mm (2.9 in), Perce 100 mm (3.9in), and Chicoutimi 28mm (1.1 in) (GGHC)

New Brunswick

  • Rainfall–Bathurst 64 mm(2.5 in), Chatham 35mm (1.4 in), and Fredericton 30 mm (1.2 in) (GGHC)

September 13, 1900

  • Saint John–77 km/h (42 knots) wind (TJ)

September 14, 1900

  • Gloucester County–schooner Carita ashore (TJ)
  • Courtenay Bay–barque–Ingomar ashore (TJ)

Prince Edward Island

September 14, 1900

  • Cascumpec Harbour–schooner Reality ashore cargo of salt and lumber lost and four crew drown (G)
  • Tignish–two fishing boats, Japan andMidnight were ashore and the crews are believed lost (G)
  • Nail Pond–schooner grounded ashore–crew presumed lost (G)
  • Approximately 40 wires knocked down by falling trees (G)
  • Fruit crops blown from trees (G)
  • St. George–a barn was destroyed by the wind (G)
  • Hillsborough Square–house damaged when chimney blown down and crashes through roof (G)
  • St. Peter’s Bay–bridge & wharf damaged (G)
  • Seacow Head–lobster factory destroyed (G)
  • North Carleton–600 lobster traps washed away by tide and destroyed–three boats driven ashore and one badly damaged (G)
  • Wilmot–a barn and windmill destroyed by the wind (G)

September 15, 1900

  • Boxcar blown off the railway tracks (TJ)

Nova Scotia

September 13, 1900

  • Halifax–damage included fences leveled, grass broken, trees uprooted, house under repair blown over by winds, boats battered against docks and exhibition ride blown over and badly damaged (HH)

September 14, 1900

  • Sydney–two schooners ashore–Tiletus & Grenada(HH)

September 17, 1900

  • The schooner Greta from Dorchester, New Brunswick was capsized off Low Point, Cape Breton. The fate of the crew is unknown (TJ)
  • The brigantine Clyde from Barbados was driven ashore at Broad Cove, Cape Breton. It is a total loss (TJ)

Newfoundland

  • Rainfall–Point Riche had 86 mm (3.4 in), Point Amour had 70 mm (2.8in), St. John’s had 43mm (1.7 in) (GGHC)

September 13, 1900

  • The Goodwill was wrecked at White Island with five crew lost (NSD)
  • 96 km/h (52 knots) wind in St. John’s (HH)
  • An outdoor exhibition had to delay its opening due to the storm (HH)

September 15, 1900

  • Several fishing vessels destroyed & many schooners beached (HH)

September 17, 1900

  • Trepassey–one man died when he was swept from the deck of the schooner J.O. Fraser (ET)
  • One man swept off fishing vessel and drowned off Cape Shore (ET)
  • Codroy–schooners Florrie M. and Pearl were damaged when they were driven ashore by the storm (ET)
  • St. Jacques–schooner ashore (ET)
  • Schooner Mary Hendry disabled 16 km (10 mi) off Cape St. Mary’s (ET)

September 18, 1900

  • Schooner Willie A. Mackay sinks on Grand Banks–one crew member lost (ET)

September 22, 1900

  • The Grace Darling was lost in Fortune Bay with two crew (ET)

September 24, 1900

  • The French banker vessel Thorney foundered on the Grand Banks. 14 crewmembers were lost and six were saved (TJ)
  • The schooner Fiona was lost at LaPoile with at least two crewmembers (another report states that all crewmembers were lost on October 15, 1900) (ET)
  • The schooner Eddie lost three crew during the gale (TJ)
  • The schooner Dolphin was damaged and three crewmembers were lost (TJ)
  • The schooner Kestrel was damaged during the storm and began to leak. It later sank but the crew saved (TJ)

September 26, 1900

  • The schooner Tugela lost with two crew (ET)
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