Base Metals Smelting Sector

Base Metals Smelting is the production of cobalt, copper, lead, nickel and zinc through the use of pyrometallurgical, electrolytic or hydrometallurgical processes. Various co-product metals are produced, such as gold, silver, indium, germanium, cadmium, bismuth and selenium. Primary smelting and refining processes produce metals directly from ores, while secondary smelting and refining produces metals from scrap and process wastes.

Substance(s) Managed Under this Source

Strategic Options Report

Click on the following link to view strategies and actions recommended to manage risks associated with releases:

Risk Management Tool(s)

Tool(s) developed to manage risks associated with releases:


Date modified: