In Canada, the Long-billed Curlew breeds in short-grass prairie and mixed, intermontane grasslands of British Columbia, Alberta and western Saskatchewan. It was once a common breeder in Manitoba, but is now considered extirpated from the province (Thompson 1891, COSEWIC 2002a). The species suffered substantial declines historically, and has been assigned a high conservation priority in Canada and the United States owing to range contractions and a small population size (COSEWIC: Special Concern, 2011). The most recent Breeding Bird Survey results suggest that the population status in Canada may have changed little relative to about 1970, though the species is very poorly covered by this survey. The species still faces significant threats from habitat loss on both the breeding and wintering grounds; ongoing conservation concern is warranted.