Contact Karl Schaefer:

Phone & Address


Associate Editor, Canadian Water Resources Journal

Branch Director, CWRA - Ontario Branch

Member, International Water Association


B.E.S., M.A., University of Waterloo


Karl Schaefer

Senior Advisor to the DG, Water Science and Technology Directorate

CURRENT S&T / RESEARCH - Targeted science and technology liaison; science-policy links; knowledge brokering

  • Dissemination of EC's S&T to a multi-sector policy and program community
  • Strengthening links between researchers and science users/practitioners, including Linking S&T with Decisions and the NWRI Science Policy series
  • Identifying users needs for science knowledge
  • Developing better metrics of improved science-policy links
  • Water reuse


Innovative approaches to improved science-policy integration; targeted science writing

Institutional arrangements; water management; wastewater reuse; water use; Great Lakes programs; environmental economics


Schaefer, K. 2011 Science Policy Linkages In: Handbook of ecotoxicological terms (Férard, J.F. and Blaise, C., editors), Springer Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands (in press).

Sheikheldin, G., G. Krantzberg and K. Schaefer. 2010. Science-Seeking Behaviour of Conservation Authorities in Ontario. Environmental Management 45:912-921.

Schaefer, K.A., A.T. Bielak and L.E. Brannen. 2010. Linking Water Science to Policy: A Canadian Experience, in: Water Systems Science and Policy Interfacing, Ph. Quevauviller (Ed.), RSC Publishing, Cambridge, ISBN: 978-1-84755)861-9, 281-292.

Bielak, A.T., J. Holmes, J. Savgård and K. Schaefer. 2009. A comparison of European and North American approaches to the management and communication of environmental research. Swedish Environmental Protection Agency Report 5958. 132 pp.

Bielak, A.T., A. Campbell, S. Pope, K. Schaefer and L. Shaxson. 2008. From Science Communications to Knowledge Brokering: The Shift from Science Push to Policy Pull. In Cheng, D., M. Claessens, T. Gascoigne, J. Metcalfe, B.Schiele and S. Shi (eds.), Communicating Science in Social Contexts: New models, new practices. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 201-226.

Exall K, Jimenez B, Schaefer K and Marsalek J. 2008. United States and Canada. In: B. Jimenez and T. Asano (Eds.). Water reuse: An international survey of current practice, issues and needs. International Water Association. 37 pp.

Kleywegt, S., Smyth, S-A., Parrott, J., Schaefer, K., Lagacé, E., Payne, M., Topp, E., Beck, A., McLaughlin, A. and K. Ostapyk (eds). 2007. Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Canadian Environment: Research and Policy Directions. NWRI Scientific Assessment Report Series No.8. 53 p.

Schaefer, K. and A.T. Bielak. 2006. Linking Water Science to Policy: Results from a Series of National Workshops on Water. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 113(1): 431-442

Edge, T.A. and K.A. Schaefer (ed.). 2006. Microbial Source Tracking in Aquatic Ecosystems: The State of the Science and an Assessment of Needs. National Water Research Institute, Burlington, Ontario. NWRI Scientific Assessment Report Series No. 7 and Linking Water Science to Policy Workshop Series. 23 p.

Schaefer, K., D. Tate, S. Renzetti and C. Madramootoo. 2004. Manufacturing and Thermal Energy Demands. In Threats to Water Availability in Canada. NWRI Scientific Assessment Report Series No. 3 and ACSD Science Assessment Series No. 1. Environment Canada. 41-47.

Kreutzwiser, R., L. Moraru, R. de Loe, B. Mills and K. Schaefer. 2003. Drought Sensitivity of Municipal Water Supply Systems in Ontario. Great Lakes Geographer. 9(2):59-70.

Expertise Categories associated with this S&T Expert:

Environmental Policy
     Science & Technology Communication
          Knowledge translation
          Knowledge brokering
          Science-policy integration
     Science Policy
          Federal science and technology
          Knowledge translation
          Knowledge brokering
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