Contact Lee C. Grapentine:

Phone & Address


Member, Society for Freshwater Science

Member, Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Adjunct Professor, Department of Biology, University of Waterloo


Ph.D., Dept. of Zoology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario

M.Sc., Dept. of Entomology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba

B.Sc. (Hon.), Dept. of Zoology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba


Lee C. Grapentine

Research Scientist - Study Leader, Benthic community responses to disturbances

CURRENT S&T / RESEARCH - Methods for assessing disturbances to the benthic environment of aquatic ecosystems

  • Assessment of ecological impacts of contaminated sediments in nearshore areas of the Laurentian Great Lakes
  • Bioassessment methods for quantifying responses of benthic invertebrates to disturbance
  • Effects of contaminated groundwater on benthic invertebrates in urban streams
  • Ecotoxicology of metal mining activities to benthic invertebrates


Technical advisor on contaminated sediments to Remedial Action Plan committees for Great Lakes Areas of Concern

Assistant Editor, Journal of Great Lakes Research

Member of science advisory teams for EC's Environmental Effect Monitoring Program and the Canadian Aquatic Biomonitoring Network


Grapentine, L.C. 2012. Benthic community ecotoxicology. In Férard, J.F., and Blaise, C. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Aquatic Ecotoxicology. Springer Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. In press.

Tixier, G., M. Lafont, L. Grapentine, Q. Rochfort and J. Marsalek. 2011. Ecological risk assessment of urban stormwater ponds: literature review and proposal of a new conceptual approach providing ecological quality goals and the associated bioassessment tools. Ecological Indicators 11(6):1497-1506.

Grapentine, L.C. 2009. Determining degradation and restoration of benthic conditions for Great Lakes Areas of Concern. Journal of Great Lakes Research 35:36-44.

Lafont, M., L. Grapentine, Q. Rochfort, J. Marsalek, G. Tixier and P. Breil. 2007. Bioassessment of wet-weather pollution impacts on fine sediments in urban waters by benthic indices and the sediment quality triad. Water Science and Technology 56(9):13-20.

Borgmann, U., Y. Couillard and L.C. Grapentine. 2007. Relative contribution of food and water to 27 metals and metalloids accumulated by caged Hyalella azteca in two rivers affected by metal mining. Environmental Pollution. 145:753-765.

Grapentine, L., Q. Rochfort and J. Marsalek. 2004. Benthic responses to wet-weather discharges in urban streams in southern Ontario. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada.39(4): 374-391.

Borgmann, U., M. Nowierski, L.C. Grapentine and, D.G. Dixon. 2004. Assessing the cause of impacts on benthic organisms near Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec. Environmental Pollution. 129: 39-48.

Grapentine, L., J. Anderson, D. Boyd, G.A. Burton, C. DeBarros, G. Johnson, C. Marvin, D. Milani, S. Painter, T. Pascoe, T. Reynoldson, L. Richman, K. Solomon and P.M. Chapman. 2002. A Decision Making Framework for Sediment Assessment Developed for the Great Lakes. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 8(7):1641-1655.

Grapentine, L., C. Marvin and S. Painter. 2002. Initial Development and Evaluation of a Sediment Quality Index for the Great Lakes Region. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 8(7):1549-1567.

Expertise Categories associated with this S&T Expert:

Nature & Wildlife
          Human impacts
     Ecosystems & Habitats
          Great Lakes-St. Lawrence
     Effects of Toxics
          Heavy metals
Pollution & Waste
     Great Lakes
          Benthic macroinvertebrates
          Water quality
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