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Summary of Sampling and Analysis Methods

The following tables contain sampling and analysis methods for air and precipitation monitoring, including related air measurements and meteorological parameters.

More specifically, the following tables indicate the parameters being measured, the agency that measures them, the sampling method, the sampling frequency, the analytical method, and the units in which the measurement is reported.

Sampling and Analysis Methods –
Air Organics
Parameter
(a)
AgencySampling Method
(b)
Sampling Frequency
(c)
Analytical Method
(d)
Reporting Units
(PCBs, Pesticides, PAHs and PDBEs)S&TPS1 PUF Sampler/ GFF+PUF24 h/12 dSoxhlet/GC/ECD (PCBs, Pesticides) Soxhlet/HPLC/FLD (PAHs)pg/m³
(PCBs, Pesticides, PAHs and PDBEs)IUHiVol/QFF + XAD-2®24 h/12 dSoxhlet/GC/ECD/GCMSpg/m³

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Sampling and Analysis Methods –
Air Metals
Parameter
(a)
AgencySampling Method
(b)
Sampling Frequency
(c)
Analytical Method
(d)
Reporting Units
Pb, As, Cd, SeS&TPM10 HiVol/W41F24 h/12 dICP, MSng/m³

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Sampling and Analysis Methods –
Precipitation Organics
Parameter
(a)
AgencySampling Method
(b)
Sampling Frequency
(c)
Analytical Method
(d)
Reporting Units
(PCBs, Pesticides, PAHs, PBDEs)S&TMIC-B/DCMMonthly---/GC/ECD/MSDng
(PCBs, Pesticides, PAHs, PBDEs)MonthlyMIC-B/XAD-2®28 daysSoxhlet/GC/ECD/GCMSpg/L

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Sampling and Analysis Methods –
Precipitation Metals
Parameter
(a)
AgencySampling Method
(b)
Sampling Frequency
(c)
Analytical Method
(d)
Reporting Units
Pb, As, Cd, Se, HgS&TMIC-AUmonthlyICP, AASg/L

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Sampling and Analysis Methods –
Meteorology
Parameter
(a)
AgencySampling Method
(b)
Sampling Frequency
(c)
Analytical Method
(d)
Reporting Units
TemperatureS&T, IUThermistorhrly. avg.Direct ReadingC
Relative HumidityS&T, IUHygristorhrly. avg.Direct ReadingPercent
Wind SpeedS&T, IUAnemometerhrly. avg.Direct Readingm/s
Wind DirectionS&T, IUVanehrly. avg.Direct ReadingDegrees
Precipitation AmountS&TType B Rain Gauge (RG)24 hoursDirect Readingmm
Solar IrradiationS&TPyranometerhrly. avg.Direct Readingw/m2
Solar IrradiationIUPyranometerhrly. avg.Direct ReadingLangleys

Notes

  • Sampling and analysis methods used by different groups may appear similar, but differ significantly in operational and other details.
  • Sampling methods used by different groups may appear similar, but differ significantly in important details. Some sampling methods are given in the form of sampler/collection media.
  • Sampling frequency is sometimes given as sample duration/sampling interval.
  • Analytical methods used by different groups may appear similar, but differ significantly in important details. Some analytical methods are given in the form of extraction method/analysis method/detection method.

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Key to Abbreviations

  • AAS = atomic absorption spectroscopy
  • DCM = dichloromethane solvent
  • ECD = electron capture detector
  • FLD = fluorescence detector
  • GC = gas chromatography
  • GCMS = gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
  • GFF = glass fibre filter
  • HiVol = high volume sampler
  • HPLC = high performance liquid chromatography
  • ICP = inductively coupled plasma spectrometry
  • INAA = instrumental neutron activation analysis
  • IU = Indiana University, US-EPA grantee
  • MIC-AU = MIC type AU precipitation sampler
  • MIC-B = MIC type B precipitation sampler
  • MS = mass spectrometry
  • MSD = mass spectrometry detector
  • PAHs = polyaromatic hydrocarbons
  • PBDEs = polybrominated diphenyl ethers
  • PCBs = polychlorinated biphenyls
  • PM10 = particulate matter less than 10 m in diameter
  • PM10 HiVol= HiVol high volume sampler with a PM10 size selective inlet
  • PUF = polyurethane foam plug
  • S&T = Environment Canada Atmospheric Science and Technology Branch
  • QFF = quartz fibre filter
  • W41F = Whatman 41 filter
  • XAD2® = XAD-2® resin

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