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Compliance Guide for Dry Cleaners

III.  Coming-into-Force Dates in the Regulations

The Regulations  became law on February 27, 2003. Some provisions of the Regulations have different coming-into-force dates. Section 17 of the Regulations specifies these dates and they are summarized below. 

Feb. 27, 2003:

  • PERC, waste water and residue must be stored in closed containers [Section 4];

  • PERC cannot be used unless the dry-cleaning machine has its own PERC-water separator [Section 5(d)];

  • PERC cannot be used in a self-service dry-cleaning machine [Section 7].

August 1, 2003:

  • PERC cannot be used in a new dry-cleaning machine installed after this date unless it has a manufacturer’s design rating for PERC consumption equal to or less than 10 kilograms or 6.2 litres of PERC per 1,000 kilograms of clothing cleaned [Section 5(e)].  

January 1, 2004:

  • Spotting agents containing PERC cannot be used [Section 3];

  • PERC cannot be used in a transfer machine [Section 5(a)];
  • PERC cannot be used in a dry-to-dry vented machine or a non-refrigerated machine unless the machine is equipped, prior to February 27, 2003, with a carbon adsorber as the primary vapour control device [Sections 5(b/c), 6];

  • PERC-impermeable secondary containment system must be:

    • provided under the entire surface of each dry-cleaning machine, tank or other container containing PERC, waste water or residue;and

    • able to hold at least 110% of the capacity of the largest tank or container within each containment area [Section 5(f)(i)].

  • PERC-resistant drain plug(s) must be readily available to seal all floor drains in the event of a spill [Section 5(f)(ii)];

  • Waste water must be either:

    • transported to a waste management facility at least once every 12 months - that is, first transport made by December 31, 2004) and all the waste water on site must be removed at the time of each transport [Section 8 (1) (a), Section 8 (2)]; OR

    • treated on-site with a waste water treatment system (see Question 8.3) [Section 8(1)(b)].

  • All residue must be transported to a waste management facility at least once every 12 months - that is., first transport made by December 31, 2004) and all the residue within the dry-cleaning facility must be removed at the time of each transport [Sections 9 (1) and (2)];

  • A closed direct-coupled delivery system that prevents the release of PERC must be used to transfer PERC into a dry-cleaning machine, tank or container at a dry-cleaning facility [Section 10];

  • Begin maintaining books and records on (i) PERC purchases; (ii) the transport of waste water and residue to a waste management facility; and (iii) on-site treatment of waste water at a dry-cleaning facility [Section 14(a)].

April 30, 2005:

  • Deadline for submission of the signed first annual report to Environment Canada. Subsequent annual reports must be submitted by April 30th of each year [Section 14(b), Schedule 4].

August 1, 2005: 

  • All dry-cleaning machines must be closed-loop (non-vented) dry-to-dry refrigerated machines. Carbon adsorbers cannot be used as the primary vapour control device [Section 6].

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