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Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations, 2014–2015: Quebec

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Summary

The information presented here is a summary of the law. If there is a discrepancy between the law and this summary, the law prevails. For complete information on fines, general prohibitions, permitted hunting methods and equipment, the requirement to have adequate means to retrieve birds immediately, restrictions on the use of bait, the description of hunting zones and other restrictions on hunting, please refer to the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and Migratory Birds Regulations. These, along with other useful information for hunters, can be found on the Environment Canada website (www.ec.gc.ca), or you may contact:

Environment Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
801-1550 D’Estimauville Avenue
Québec, Quebec  G1J 0C3
Tel.: 1-800-668-6767
Fax: 418-649-6591
enviroinfo@ec.gc.ca

You are required to possess a valid federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit with a Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp to hunt migratory birds in Canada. This permit and stamp are valid in all provinces and territories. Most provinces and territories have additional licence requirements for hunting migratory birds and/or to carry firearms. To know what you require, and if there are further restrictions for hunting migratory birds, please verify the applicable regulations for the province/territory  where you will be hunting. Note that all required permits and licences must be in your possession while you are hunting.

Consultation Process and Migratory Birds Regulatory Reports

The hunting provisions of the Migratory Birds Regulations are reviewed by Environment Canada, with input from the provinces and territories, as well as a range of other interested stakeholders. Environment Canada has developed a consultation process for establishing hunting regulations for migratory birds, and publishes the Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Series that can be found on the Environment Canada website (www.ec.gc.ca).

Important Updates to the Hunting Regulations for Quebec

Daily bag limit for Black Ducks: Reduced to 4, with the exception of the area in District F that is west of Route 155 and Highway 55, where the daily limit is 2.

Barrow’s Goldeneye is listed in the Species at Risk Act as a species of special concern, and the bag and possession limit of 1 remains in place.

For complete details regarding the 2014–2015 hunting season, please refer to the Open Season and Bag and Possession Limit tables below.


Waterfowler Heritage Days provide young hunters under the age of majority with the opportunity to practise hunting and outdoor skills, learn about wildlife conservation, and reinforce safety training in a structured, supervised environment before the season opens for other hunters. Licensed adult hunters who serve as mentors have an opportunity to pass on their considerable skills and knowledge by offering guidance and advice to younger hunters. The following rules are in effect:

  • to participate, young hunters under the age of majority do not require the federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit;
  • young participants must comply with all existing safety and licensing requirements found in the Firearms Act and provincial hunting regulations;
  • participants must be accompanied by a licensed mentor over the age of majority; and
  • mentors may not hunt or carry a firearm, and may accompany no more than two young hunters.

In Quebec, non-toxic shot must be used to hunt all migratory game birds, except for woodcock. Within National Wildlife Areas, the possession of lead shot is prohibited for all hunting, including the hunting of migratory birds and upland game birds. For those birds still hunted with lead shot, remove the lead shot before cooking to reduce your exposure to contaminants. As well, remove the skin and fat from fish-eating birds before cooking them.

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Open Seasons in Quebec (No open season for Harlequin Ducks or rails)
AreaDucks (other than Harlequin Ducks), geese, woodcock and snipe, as well as coots and gallinules in District F
(Waterfowler Heritage Days)
Ducks (other than eiders, Harlequin Ducks and Long-tailed Ducks), geese (other than Canada Geese, Cackling Geese and Snow Geese) and snipeCanada Geese and Cackling GeeseEiders and
Long-tailed Ducks
Coots and gallinulesWoodcock
District AN/ASeptember 1 to December 16, 2014September 1 to December 16, 2014September 1 to December 16, 2014No open seasonSeptember 1 to December 16, 2014
District BSeptember 6, 2014September 13 to December 27, 2014September 13 to December 27, 2014October 1, 2014, to January 14, 2015Footnote(b)No open seasonSeptember 13 to December 27, 2014
District C, D and ESeptember 6, 2014September 13 to December 27, 2014Footnote(c)September 1 to September 12, 2014Footnote(a)
September 13 to December 16, 2014
September 13 to December 27, 2014No open seasonSeptember 20 to January 3, 2015
District FSeptember 13, 2014September 20, 2014, to January 3, 2015Footnote(c)September 6 to September 19, 2014Footnote(a)
September 20 to December 21, 2014
September 20, 2014, to January 3, 2015September 20, 2014, to
January3, 2015
September 20 2014 to
January 3, 2015
District GSeptember 20, 2014September 27 to December 26, 2014September 27 to December 26, 2014November 1, 2014, to February 14, 2015No open seasonSeptember 27 to December 26, 2014

Footnotes

Footnote a

In Districts C, D, E and F, hunting for Canada Geese and Cackling Geese is allowed only on farmland.

Return to footnote (a)

Footnote b

In District B along the northern shore west of the Natashquan River, the hunting seasons for eiders and Long-tailed Ducks are from October 1 to October 24, 2014, inclusive and from November 15, 2014, to February 5, 2015, inclusive.

Return to footnote(b)

Footnote c

In District E, the hunting season for Barrow’s Goldeneye and Common Goldeneye closes on October 21, 2014, in Provincial Hunting Zone 21 and 100 metres beyond this zone. In District F, the hunting season for Barrow’s Goldeneye and Common Goldeneye closes on October 21, 2014, between Pointe Jureux (St. Irénée) and Gros Cap à l’Aigle (St. Fidèle) from routes 362 and 138 to 2 kilometres within Provincial Hunting Zone 21.

Return to footnote (c)

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Hunting Districts

Hunting Districts of Quebec

This map shows the 7 Hunting Districts, Districts A-G, in the province of Québec

Long Description for the Hunting Districts of Quebec

Map showing the 7 Hunting Districts, Districts A-G, in the province of Québec. The main urban centres in each District are identified. They are: In District A - Chibougamau; In District B - Sept-îles; In district C - Val d'Or; in District D - Saguenay; in District E - Matane; in District F - Mont-Laurier, Montréal, Sherbrooke and Québec; District G - the Magdalen Islands.

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Bag and Possession Limits in Quebec
LimitsDucksGeese (other than Snow Geese)Snow GeeseCoots and gallinulesWoodcockSnipe
Daily bag6Footnote(a)Footnote(b)Footnote(f)5Footnote(d)Footnote(f)20Footnote(f)4Footnote(f)8Footnote(e)Footnote(f)10Footnote(f)
Possession18Footnote(c)Footnote(f)20Footnote(f)Footnote(g)No limit12Footnote(f)24Footnote(f)30Footnote(f)

Footnotes

Footnote a

Not more than 4 may be American  Black Ducks, except in the portion of District F that is west of Route 155 and Highway 55, in which case not more than 2 may be American  Black Ducks.

Return to footnote (a)

Footnote b

Not more than 1 may be Blue-winged Teal and not more than 1 may be Barrow’s Goldeneye.

Return to footnote(b)

Footnote c

Not more than 2 may be Blue-winged Teal and not more than 1 may be Barrow’s Goldeneye.

Return to footnote (c)

Footnote d

Up to 5 additional  Canada Geese or Cackling Geese, or any combination  of them, may be taken daily between September  1 and September  25, 2014.

Return to footnote (d)

Footnote e

For non-residents of Canada, not more than 4 woodcocks  may be taken daily.

Return to footnote (e)

Footnote f

Not more than 3 birds may be taken or possessed during Waterfowler Heritage Days, with the additional  species restrictions  described in notes (a) to (c) applying within that total.

Return to footnote (f)

Footnote g

No possession limit for Canada Geese.

Return to footnote (g)

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Overabundant Species

The Migratory Birds Regulations also provide for special conservation periods when hunters may take overabundant species. Please note that the additional hunting methods or equipment are permitted only during the special conservation periods. See the table below for details.

Measures in Quebec Concerning Overabundant Species
AreaPeriod during which Snow Geese may be killedAdditional hunting method or equipment
District ASeptember 1 to December 16, 2014
May 1 to June 30, 2015
Recorded bird callsFootnote(d)Footnote(f)
Recorded bird callsFootnote(d)
District BSeptember 13 to December 27, 2014Recorded bird callsFootnote(d)Footnote(f)
District C and DSeptember 1 to September 12, 2014Footnote(a), and September 13 to December 27, 2014
March 1 to May 31, 2015Footnote(a)
Recorded bird callsFootnote(d)Footnote(f)
Recorded bird callsFootnote(d)
District ESeptember 1 to September 12, 2014Footnote(a), and September 13 to December 27, 2014
March 1 to May 31, 2015Footnote(a)
Recorded bird callsFootnote(d)Footnote(f); bait crop areaFootnote(e)
Recorded bird callsFootnote(d); baitFootnote(e)
District FSeptember 6 to September 19, 2014Footnote(a), and September 20, 2014, to January 3, 2015
March 1 to May 31, 2015Footnote(a)Footnote(b)Footnote(c)
Recorded bird callsFootnote(d)Footnote(f); bait crop areaFootnote(e)
Recorded bird callsFootnote(d); baitFootnote(e)
District GSeptember 27 to December 26, 2014Recorded bird callsFootnote(d)Footnote(f)

Footnotes

Footnote a

Hunting and hunting equipment  are allowed only on farmland.

Return to footnote (a)

Footnote b

In District F, no person shall hunt south of the St. Lawrence  River and north of the road right-of-way of Route 132 between the western limit of the municipality of Montmagny  and the eastern limit of Cap-Saint-Ignace municipality, other than in lots 4 598 472 and 2 611 981 in Montmagny  municipality.

Return to footnote(b)

Footnote c

In District F, on the north shore of the St. Lawrence  River, no person shall hunt north of the St. Lawrence  River and south of a line located at 1000 m north of Highway 40 between Montée St-Laurent  and the Maskinongé  River. On the south shore of the St. Lawrence  River, no person shall hunt south of the St. Lawrence  River and north of the railroad right-of-way located near Route 132 between the Nicolet River in the east and Lacerte Road in the west.

Return to footnote (c)

Footnote d

“Recorded bird calls” refers to bird calls of a species referred to in the heading of column 2.

Return to footnote (d)

Footnote e

Hunting with bait or in a bait crop area is permitted if the Regional Director has given consent in writing pursuant to section 23.3.

Return to footnote (e)

Footnote f

Any species of migratory bird for which it is open season may be taken while hunting Snow Geese with recorded Snow Geese calls.

Return to footnote (f)

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Note
Hunters interested in participating in the spring conservation harvest of Snow Geese should keep their 2014–2015 federal permits.

Report Your Migratory Bird Bands

Call 1-800-327-BAND (2263) or go to: www.reportband.gov

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