Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations, 2015–2016: Quebec

Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations, 2015–2016: Quebec (PDF; 350 KB)

Summary

The information presented here is a summary of the law. If there is a discrepancy between the law and this summary, the law prevails. For complete information on fines, general prohibitions, permitted hunting methods and equipment, the requirement to have adequate means to retrieve birds immediately, restrictions on the use of bait, the description of hunting districts, and other restrictions on hunting, please refer to the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and the Migratory Birds Regulations. These, along with other useful information for hunters, can be found on the Environment Canada website, or you may contact:

Environment Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
801-1550 D'Estimauville Avenue
Québec, Quebec  G1J 0C3
Tel.: 1-800-668-6767
Fax: 418-649-6591
enviroinfo@ec.gc.ca

You are required to possess a valid federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit with a Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp to hunt migratory birds in Canada. This permit and stamp are valid in all provinces and territories. Most provinces and territories have additional licence requirements for hunting migratory birds and/or to carry firearms. To know what you require, and if there are further restrictions for hunting migratory birds, please verify the applicable regulations for the province territory where you will be hunting. Note that all required permits and licences must be in your possession while you are hunting.

Consultation Process and Migratory Birds Regulatory Reports

The hunting provisions of the Migratory Birds Regulations are reviewed by Environment Canada, with input from the provinces and territories, as well as a range of other interested stakeholders. Environment Canada has developed a consultation process for establishing hunting regulations for migratory birds, and publishes the Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Series that can be found on the Environment Canada website.

Waterfowler Heritage Days provide young hunters under the age of majority (12 to 17 years) with the opportunity to practise hunting and outdoor skills, learn about wildlife conservation, and reinforce safety training in a structured, supervised environment before the season opens for other hunters. Licensed adult hunters who serve as mentors have an opportunity to pass on their considerable skills and knowledge by offering guidance and advice to younger hunters. The following rules are in effect:

  • to participate, young hunters under the age of majority do not require the federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit;
  • young participants must comply with all existing safety and licensing requirements found in the Firearms Act and provincial hunting regulations;
  • participants must be accompanied by a licensed mentor over the age of majority; and
  • mentors may not hunt or carry a firearm, and may accompany no more than two young hunters.

In Quebec, non-toxic shot must be used to hunt migratory game birds, except for woodcock. Within National Wildlife Areas, the possession of lead shot is prohibited for all hunting, including the hunting of migratory birds and upland game birds. For those birds still hunted with lead shot, remove the lead shot before cooking to reduce your exposure to contaminants. As well, remove the skin and fat from fish-eating birds before cooking them.

Barrow’s Goldeneye is listed in the Species at Risk Act as a species of special concern, and the bag and possession limit of 1 remains in place.

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Open Seasons in Quebec (No open season for Harlequin Ducks or rails)
AreaDucks (other than Harlequin
Ducks), geese, woodcock and snipe,
as well as coots and gallinules
in District F
(Waterfowler Heritage Days)
Ducks (other than eiders, Harlequin Ducks and Long-tailed Ducks), geese (other than Canada Geese, Cackling Geese and Snow Geese) and snipeCanada Geese
and Cackling Geese
Eiders and Long- tailed DucksCoots and gallinulesWoodcock
District AN/ASept. 1 to Dec. 16, 2015Sept. 1 to Dec. 16, 2015Sept. 1 to
Dec. 16, 2015
No open seasonSept. 1 to
Dec. 16, 2015
District BSept. 5, 2015Sept. 12 to Dec. 26, 2015Sept. 12 to
Dec. 26, 2015
Oct. 1, 2015, to
Jan. 14, 2016Note b of Table
No open seasonSept. 12 to
Dec. 26, 2015
Districts C, D and ESept. 5, 2015Sept. 12 to Dec. 26, 2015Notec of TableSept. 1 to Sept. 11,
2015Note a of Table
Sept. 12 to Dec. 16, 2015
Sept. 12 to
Dec. 26, 2015
No open seasonSept. 19, 2015, to
Jan. 2, 2016
District FSept. 12, 2015Sept. 19, 2015, to Jan. 2, 2016Note c of TableSept. 6 to
Sept. 18, 2015Note a of Table
Sept. 19 to Dec. 21, 2015
Sept. 19, 2015, to
Jan. 2, 2016
Sept. 19, 2015, to Jan. 2, 2016Sept. 19, 2015, to Jan. 2, 2016
District GSept. 19, 2015Sept. 26 to Dec. 26, 2015Sept. 26 to
Dec. 26, 2015
Nov. 1, 2015, to
Feb. 14, 2016
No open seasonSept. 26 to
Dec. 26, 2015

Notes of Table: Open Seasons in Quebec (No open season for Harlequin Ducks or rails)

Note [a] of Table

In Districts C, D, E and F, hunting for Canada Geese and Cackling Geese is allowed only on farmland.

Return to note a referrer of table

Note [b]

In District B along the northern shore west of the Natashquan River, the hunting seasons for eiders and Long-tailed Ducks are respectively from October 1 to October 24, 2015, inclusive and from November 15, 2015, to February 5, 2016, inclusive.

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Note [c]

In District E, the hunting season for Barrow’s Goldeneye and Common Goldeneye closes on October 21, 2015, in Provincial Hunting Zone 21 and 100 metres beyond this zone. In District F, the hunting season for Barrow’s Goldeneye and Common Goldeneye closes on October 21, 2015, between Pointe Jureux (St. Irénée) and Gros Cap à l’Aigle (St. Fidèle) from routes 362 and 138 to 2 kilometres within Provincial Hunting Zone 21.

Return to note c referrer of table

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Hunting Districts

Hunting Districts of Quebec

This map shows the 7 Hunting Districts in the province of Québec

Long Description for the Hunting Districts of Quebec

Map showing the 7 Hunting Districts, Districts A-G, in the province of Quebec. The main urban centres in each District are identified. They are: In District A - Chibougamau; In District B - Sept-îles; In district C - Val d'Or; in District D - Saguenay; in District E - Matane; in District F - Mont-Laurier, Montreal, Sherbrooke and Quebec; District G - the Magdalen Islands.

If you need more information to determine in which hunting district you are located, please visit: Sport hunting - Main rules April 1st, 2014 to March 31, 2016

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Bag and Possession Limits in Quebec
LimitsDucksGeese (other than
Snow Geese)
Snow GeeseCoots and gallinulesWoodcockSnipe
Daily bag6Note d of TableNote e of TableNote i of Table5Note g of TableNote i of Table20Note i of Table4Note i of Table8Note h of TableNote i of Table10Note i of Table
Possession18Note f of TableNote i of Table20Note i of TableNote j of TableNo limit12Note i of Table24Note i of Table30Note i of Table

Notes of Table: Bag and Possession Limits in Quebec

Note [d] of Table

Not more than 4 may be American Black Ducks, except in the portion of District F that is west of Route 155 and Highway 55, in which case not more than 2 may be American Black Ducks.

Return to note d referrer of table

Note [e] of Table

Not more than 1 may be Blue-winged Teal and not more than 1 may be Barrow’s Goldeneye.

Return to note e referrer of table

Note [f] of Table

Not more than 2 may be Blue-winged Teal and not more than 1 may be Barrow’s Goldeneye.

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Note [g] of Table

Up to 5 additional Canada Geese or Cackling Geese, or any combination of them, may be taken daily between September 1 and September 25, 2015.

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Note [h] of Table

For non-residents of Canada, not more than 4 woodcocks may be taken daily.

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Note [i] of Table

Not more than 3 birds may be taken or possessed during Waterfowler Heritage Days, with the additional species restrictions described in notes (a) to (c) applying within that total.

Return to note i referrer of table

Note [j] of Table

No possession limit for Canada Geese.

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Overabundant Species

The Migratory Birds Regulations also provide for special conservation periods when hunters may take overabundant species. Please note that the additional hunting methods or equipment are permitted only during the special conservation periods. See the table below for details.

Measures in Quebec Concerning Overabundant Species
AreaPeriod during which Snow Geese may be killedAdditional hunting method or equipment
District ASept. 1 to Dec. 16, 2015Recorded bird callsNote n of TableNote p of Table
District AMay 1 to June 30, 2016Recorded bird callsNote n of Table
District BSept. 12 to Dec. 26, 2015Recorded bird callsNote n of TableNote p of Table
Districts C and DSept. 1 to Sept. 11, 2015Note k of Table, and Sept. 12 to Dec. 26, 2015Recorded bird callsNote n of TableNote p of Table
Districts C and DMar. 1 to May 31, 2016Note k of TableRecorded bird callsNote n of Table
District ESept. 1 to Sept. 11, 2015Note k of Table, and Sept. 12 to Dec. 26, 2015Recorded bird callsNote n of TableNote p of Table; bait crop areaNote o of Table
District EMar. 1 to May 31, 2016Note k of TableRecorded bird callsNote n of Table; baitNote o of Table
District FSept. 6 to Sept. 18, 2015Note k of Table, and Sept. 19, 2015, to Jan. 2, 2016Recorded bird callsNote n of TableNote p of Table; bait crop areaNote o of Table
District FMar. 1 to May 31, 2016Note k of TableNote l of TableNote m of TableRecorded bird callsNote n of Table; baitNote o of Table
District GSept. 26 to Dec. 26, 2015Recorded bird callsNote n of TableNote p of Table

Note of Table: Measures in Quebec Concerning Overabundant Species

Note [k] of Table

Hunting and hunting equipment are allowed only on farmland.

Return to note k referrer of table

Note [l] of Table

In District F, no person shall hunt south of the St. Lawrence River and north of the road right-of-way of Route 132 between the western limit of the municipality of Montmagny and the eastern limit of Cap-Saint-Ignace municipality, other than in lots 4 598 472 and 2 611 981 in Montmagny municipality

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Note [m] of Table

In District F, on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River, no person shall hunt north of the St. Lawrence River and south of a line located at 1000 m north of Highway 40 between Montée St-Laurent and the Maskinongé River. On the south shore of the St. Lawrence River, no person shall hunt south of the St. Lawrence River and north of the railroad right-of-way located near Route 132 between the Nicolet River in the east and Lacerte Road in the west.

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Note [n] of Table

“Recorded bird calls” refers to bird calls of a species referred to in the heading of column 2.

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Note [o] of Table

Hunting with bait or in a bait crop area is permitted if the Regional Director has given consent in writing pursuant to section 23.3.

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Note [p] of Table

Any species of migratory bird for which it is open season may be taken while hunting Snow Geese with recorded Snow Geese calls.

Return to note p referrer of table

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Note

Hunters interested in participating in the spring conservation harvest of Snow Geese should keep their 2015–2016 federal permits.

Report Your Migratory Bird Bands

Call 1-800-327-BAND (2263) or go to the Report a bird with a Federal Band or Color Marker website

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