Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations, 2013–2014: Prince Edward Island

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Please be aware that if there is a discrepancy between the hunting regulation summary and the Migratory Birds Regulations, the regulations prevail.

The information presented here is a summary of the law. For complete information on fines, general prohibitions, permitted hunting methods and equipment, the requirement to have adequate means to retrieve birds immediately, restrictions on the use of bait, the description of hunting zones and other restrictions on hunting, please refer to the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and Migratory Birds Regulations. These, along with other useful information for hunters, can be found on the Environment Canada website (www.ec.gc.ca), or you may contact:

Environment Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
17 Waterfowl Lane
P.O. Box 6227
Sackville, New Brunswick  E4L 1G6
Tel.: 1-800-668-6767

You are required to possess a valid federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit with a Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp to hunt migratory birds in Canada. This permit and stamp are valid in all provinces and territories. Most provinces and territories have additional licence requirements for hunting migratory birds and/or to carry firearms. To know what you require, and if there are further restrictions for hunting migratory birds (such as minimum required distances from residences and businesses), please verify the applicable regulations for the province/territory where you will be hunting. Note that all required permits and licences must be in your possession while you are hunting.

Consultation Process and Migratory Birds Regulatory Reports

The hunting provisions of the Migratory Birds Regulations are reviewed annually by Environment Canada, with input from the provinces and territories, as well as a range of other interested stakeholders. Environment Canada has developed a consultation process for establishing hunting regulations for migratory birds, and annually publishes the Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Series that can be found on the Environment Canada website (www.ec.gc.ca).

Important Updates to the Hunting Regulations for Prince Edward Island

Increase in season length for ducks (other than Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed ducks, Harlequin ducks, eiders and scoters) and snipe – The season is extended to the end of December.

Daily bag limits for American Black Ducks – Increased daily bag limit for American Black Ducks in the early part of the hunting season.

Possession limits for ducks – Increased possession limit for ducks (other than Common and Red-Breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, Harlequin Ducks, eiders and scoters) from 2 to 3 times the daily bag limit.

Goose seasons – A new early (September) goose season of 14 days will open on the day following Labour Day. Additionally, the regular goose season is extended to the end of December. The daily bag for geese is restricted to 3 birds after November 15.

Possession limit for geese – Is fixed at 16 throughout the duration of the goose season.

Barrow’s Goldeneye is listed in the Species at Risk Act as a species of special concern, and the bag and possession limit of 1 remains in place.

For complete details regarding the 2013–2014 hunting season, please refer to the Open Season and Bag and Possession Limit tables below.

Waterfowler Heritage Day provides young hunters under the age of majority with the opportunity to practice hunting and outdoor skills, learn about wildlife conservation, and reinforce safety training in a structured, supervised environment. Licensed adult hunters who serve as mentors have an opportunity to pass on their considerable skills and knowledge by offering guidance and advice to younger hunters. The following rules are in effect:

  • to participate, young hunters under the age of majority do not require the federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit;
  • young participants must comply with all existing safety and licensing requirements found in the Firearms Act and provincial hunting regulations;
  • participants must be accompanied by a licensed mentor over the age of majority; and
  • mentors may not hunt or carry a firearm, and may accompany no more than two young hunters.

In Prince Edward Island, non-toxic shot must be used to hunt migratory game birds, except for woodcock. Within National Wildlife Areas, the possession of lead shot is prohibited for all hunting, including the hunting of migratory birds and upland game birds. Hunters should consult provincial or territorial regulations for additional restrictions. For those birds still hunted with lead shot, remove the lead shot before cooking in order to reduce your exposure to contaminants.

Helpful Tip

Canadians may be exposed to avian-borne viruses when hunting or handling migratory birds and other wild game. Environment Canada recommends the following website, maintained by the Public Health Agency of Canada, for information about minimizing the risk of exposure: www.phac-aspc.gc.ca

Crime Stoppers
Environment Canada Wildlife Enforcement has joined forces with Prince Edward Island Crime Stoppers to address offences concerning migratory birds. Anyone wishing to report illegal hunting activities, illegal selling of birds or other offences related to migratory birds is asked to call Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS (8477). Your call is anonymous, and you may be eligible for a cash reward.

This table provides information on the open seasons in Prince Edward Island (No open season for Harlequin Ducks).

Open Seasons in Prince Edward Island (No open season for Harlequin Ducks)
AreaDucks (other than Harlequin Ducks) and geeseDucks (other than Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, Harlequin Ducks, eiders and scoters) and snipeCommon and Red- breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, eiders and scotersGeeseWoodcock
Throughout the Province of Prince Edward IslandSept. 21, 2013
Waterfowler Heritage Day
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31, 2013Oct. 1 to Dec. 31, 2013Sept. 3 to Sept. 16, 2013
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31, 2013
Sept. 30 to Dec. 14, 2013


This table provides information on the daily bag and possession limits in Prince Edward Island

Bag and Possession Limits in Prince Edward Island
LimitsDucks (other than Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, Harlequin Ducks, eiders and scoters)Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, eiders and scotersGeeseWoodcockSnipe
Daily bag6(a)6(c)5(e)(f)810

(a) Not more than 1 may be Barrow’s Goldeneye and, during the period beginning on December 1 and ending on December 31, 2013, not more than 4 may be Mallard–American Black Duck hybrids or American Black Ducks or any combination of them.
(b) Not more than 1 may be Barrow’s Goldeneye.
(c) Not more than 4 may be scoters.
(d) Not more than 8 may be scoters.
(e) Up to 3 additional Canada Geese or Cackling Geese, or any combination of them, may be taken daily during the 14-day period from September 3 to September 16, 2013.
(f) Not more than 3 daily during the period beginning on November 15 and ending on December 31, 2013.

Report Your Migratory Bird Bands

Call 1-800-327-BAND (2263) or go to: www.reportband.gov