Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations, 2016-2017:
Prince Edward Island


The information presented here is a summary of the law. If there is a discrepancy between the law and this summary, the law prevails. For complete information on fines, general prohibitions, permitted hunting methods and equipment, the requirement to have adequate means to retrieve birds immediately, restrictions on the use of bait, the description of hunting zones, and other restrictions on hunting, please refer to the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and Migratory Birds Regulations. These, along with other useful information for hunters, can be found on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website, or you may contact:

Environment and Climate Change Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
17 Waterfowl Lane
P.O. Box 6227
Sackville, New Brunswick E4L 1G6
Tel.: 1-800-668-6767

You are required to possess a valid federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit with a Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp to hunt migratory birds in Canada. This permit and stamp are valid in all provinces and territories. Most provinces and territories have additional licence requirements for hunting migratory birds and/or to carry firearms. To know what you require, and if there are further restrictions for hunting migratory birds (such as minimum required distances from residences and businesses), please verify the applicable regulations for the province/territory where you will be hunting.
Note that all required permits and licences must be in your possession while you are hunting.

The Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit is now available online on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website. Purchase and print your permit from the comfort of home.

Consultation Process and Migratory Birds Regulatory Reports

The hunting provisions of the Migratory Birds Regulations are reviewed by Environment and Climate Change Canada, with input from the provinces and territories, as well as a range of other interested stakeholders. Environment and Climate Change Canada has developed a consultation process for establishing hunting regulations for migratory birds, and publishes the Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Series that can be found on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website.

Important Updates to the Hunting Regulations for Prince Edward Island
For eider ducks, the daily bag limit has been reduced from 6 to a maximum of 4, and the possession limit from 12 to a maximum of 8.

Waterfowler Heritage Day provides young hunters who are minors (under 18 years of age) with the opportunity to practise hunting and outdoor skills, learn about wildlife conservation, and reinforce safety training in a structured, supervised environment. Licensed adult hunters who serve as mentors have an opportunity to pass on their considerable skills and knowledge by offering guidance and advice to younger hunters. The following rules are in effect:

  • to participate, young hunters do not require the federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit;
  • young participants must comply with all existing safety and licensing requirements found in the Firearms Act and provincial hunting regulations;
  • participants must be accompanied by a licensed mentor (who is not a minor);
  • mentors may not hunt or carry a firearm, and may accompany no more than two young hunters; and
  • only young hunters may hunt if the Waterfowler Heritage Days fall outside of the regular open seasons

In Prince Edward Island, non-toxic shot must be used to hunt migratory game birds, except for woodcock. Hunters should consult provincial or territorial regulations for additional restrictions. For those birds still hunted with lead shot, remove the lead shot before cooking in order to reduce your exposure to contaminants.

Barrow's Goldeneye is listed in the Species at Risk Act as a species of special concern, and the bag and possession limit of 1 remains in place.

Crime Stoppers

Anyone wishing to report illegal hunting activities, illegal selling of birds or other offences related to migratory birds is asked to call Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-TIPS (8477). Your call is anonymous, and you may be eligible for a cash reward.

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Open Seasons and Waterfowl Heritage Day in Prince Edward Island (No open season for Harlequin Ducks)
AreaDucks (other than
Harlequin Ducks) and geese
Ducks (other than
Common and Red-breasted
Mergansers, Long-tailed
Ducks, Harlequin Ducks,
eiders, and scoters)
and snipe
Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, eiders, and scotersGeeseWoodcock
Throughout the Province of Prince Edward IslandSept. 17, 2016
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31, 2016Oct. 1 to Dec. 31, 2016Sept. 6 to Sept. 19, 2016
Oct. 1 to Dec. 31, 2016
Sept. 26 to Dec. 10, 2016

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Bag and Possession Limits in Prince Edward Island
LimitsDucks (other than Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long-tailed Ducks, Harlequin Ducks, eiders, and scoters)Common and Red-breasted Mergansers, Long- tailed Ducks, eiders, and scotersGeeseWoodcockSnipe
Daily bag6Note a of Table6Note c of Table5Note e of TableNote f of Table810
Possession18Note b of Table12Note d of Table161620

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Canada–U.S. Migratory Birds Convention

Celebrating a Century of Shared Conservation

For more information on centennial celebrations, visit Celebrating 100 Years of International Bird Conservation

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Report Your Migratory Bird Bands

Call 1-800-327-BAND (2263) or go to the Report a bird with a Federal Band or Color Marker website

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