Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations, 2016-2017: Quebec


Summary

The information presented here is a summary of the law. If there is a discrepancy between the law and this summary, the law prevails. For complete information on fines, general prohibitions, permitted hunting methods and equipment, the requirement to have adequate means to retrieve birds immediately, restrictions on the use of bait, the description of hunting zones, and other restrictions on hunting, please refer to the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 and Migratory Birds Regulations. These, along with other useful information for hunters, can be found on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website, or you may contact:

Environment and Climate Change Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
801-1550 D'Estimauville Avenue
Québec, Quebec G1J 0C3
Tel.: 1-800-668-6767
Fax: 418-649-6591
ec.enviroinfo.ec@canada.ca

You are required to possess a valid federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit with a Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp to hunt migratory birds in Canada. This permit and stamp are valid in all provinces and territories. Most provinces and territories have additional licence requirements for hunting migratory birds and/or to carry firearms. To know what you require, and if there are further restrictions for hunting migratory birds, please verify the applicable regulations for the province/territory where you will be hunting. Note that all required permits and licences must be in your possession while you are hunting.

The Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit is now available online on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website. Purchase and print your permit from the comfort of home.

Consultation Process and Migratory Birds Regulatory Reports

The hunting provisions of the Migratory Birds Regulations are reviewed by Environment and Climate Change Canada, with input from the provinces and territories, as well as a range of other interested stakeholders. Environment and Climate Change Canada has developed a consultation process for establishing hunting regulations for migratory birds, and publishes the Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Series that can be found on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website.

Important Updates to the Hunting Regulations for Quebec
Hunting for Mourning Dove is now allowed, only in District F, during the designated open season and Waterfowler Heritage Days. Non-toxic shot must be used to hunt Mourning Doves.

Waterfowler Heritage Days provide young hunters who are minors (under 18 years of age) with the opportunity to practise hunting and outdoor skills, learn about wildlife conservation, and reinforce safety training in a structured, supervised environment before the season opens for other hunters. Licensed adult hunters who serve as mentors have an opportunity to pass on their considerable skills and knowledge by offering guidance and advice to younger hunters. The following rules are in effect:

  • to participate, young hunters do not require the federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit;
  • young participants must comply with all existing safety and licensing requirements found in the Firearms Act and provincial hunting regulations;
  • participants must be accompanied by a licensed mentor (who is not a minor);
  • mentors may not hunt or carry a firearm, and may accompany no more than two young hunters; and
  • only young hunters may hunt when Waterfowler Heritage Days fall outside of the regular open seasons.

As per subsections 15.1(1) and 15.1(2) of the Migratory Birds, in Quebec, non-toxic shot must be used to hunt all migratory game birds, except for woodcock. Non-toxic shot must also be used to hunt Mourning Dove. Within National Wildlife Areas, the possession of lead shot is prohibited for all hunting, including the hunting of migratory birds and upland game birds. For those birds still hunted with lead shot, remove the lead shot before cooking to reduce your exposure to contaminants. As well, remove the skin and fat from fish-eating birds before cooking them.

Barrow’s Goldeneye is listed in the Species at Risk Act as a species of special concern, and the bag and possession limit of 1 remains in place.

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Open Seasons and Waterfowler Heritage Days in Quebec (No Open Season For Harlequin Ducks Or Rails)
AreaWaterfowler Heritage
Ducks (other than Harlequin Ducks), geese, woodcock and snipe, as well as coots, gallinules and Mourning Dove
Open Seasons in Quebec
Ducks (other than eiders, Harlequin Ducks and Long-tailed Ducks), geese (other than Canada Geese, Cackling Geese and Snow Geese) and snipe
Open Seasons in Quebec
Canada Geese and Cackling Geese
Open Seasons in Quebec
Eiders and Long-tailed Ducks
Open Seasons in Quebec
Coots and gallinules
Open Seasons in Quebec
Woodcock and Mourning Dove
District AN/ASept. 1 to Dec. 16, 2016Sept. 1 to Dec. 16, 2016Sept. 1 to Dec. 16, 2016No open seasonSept. 1 to Dec. 16, 2016 (d)
District BSept. 10, 2016 Note d of tableSept. 17 to Dec. 31, 2016Sept. 17 to Dec. 31, 2016Oct. 1, 2016, to Jan. 14, 2017 Note b of TableNo open seasonSept. 10 to Dec. 24, 2016 Note d of table
Districts C, D and ESept. 10, 2016 Note d of tableSept. 17 to Dec. 31, 2016 Note c of tableSept. 1 to Sept. 16, 2016 Note a of table
Sept. 17 to Dec. 16, 2016
Sept. 17 to Dec. 31, 2016No open seasonSept. 17, 2016, to Dec. 31, 2016 Note d of table
District FSept. 17, 2016Sept. 24, 2016, to Jan. 7, 2017 Note c of tableSept. 6 to Sept. 23, 2016Note a of table
Sept. 24 to Dec. 21, 2016
Sept. 24, 2016, to Jan. 7, 2017Sept. 24, 2016, to Jan. 7, 2017Sept. 17, 2016, to Dec 31, 2016
District GSept. 17, 2016 Note d of tableSept. 24 to Dec. 26, 2016Sept. 24 to Dec. 26, 2016Nov. 1, 2016, to Feb. 14, 2017No open seasonSept. 17, 2016, to Dec 31, 2016

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Hunting Districts

Hunting Districts of Quebec
This map shows the 7 hunting districts in Quebec.
Long Description for the Hunting Districts of Quebec

Map showing the 7 Hunting Districts, Districts A-G, in the province of Quebec. The main urban centres in each District are identified. They are: In District A - Chibougamau; In District B - Sept-îles; In district C - Val d'Or; in District D - Saguenay; in District E - Matane; in District F - Mont-Laurier, Montreal, Sherbrooke and Quebec; District G - the Magdalen Islands.

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Bag and Possession Limits in Quebec
LimitsDucksGeese (other than Snow Geese)Snow GeeseCoots and gallinulesWoodcockMourning DoveSnipe
Daily bag6Note e of table Note f of table Note j of table5Note h of table Note j of table20Note j table4Note j of table8Note i of table Note j of table8Note j of table10Notej of table
Possession18Note g du tableau Note j of table20Note j of table Note k of tableNo limit12Note j of table24Note j of table24Note j of table30Notej of table

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Overabundant Species

The Migratory Birds Regulations also provide for special conservation periods when hunters may take overabundant species. Please note that the additional hunting methods or equipment are permitted only during the special conservation periods. See the table below for details.

Measures In Quebec Concerning Overabundant Species
AreaPeriod during which Snow Geese may be killedAdditional hunting method or equipment
District ASept. 1 to Dec. 16, 2016Recorded bird callsNote o of table, , Note q of table
District AMay 1 to June 30, 2017Recorded bird callsNote o of table,
District BSept. 17 to Dec. 31, 2016Recorded bird callsNote o of table, , Note q of table
District C and DSept. 1 to Sept. 16, 2016Note l of table, and Sept. 17 to Dec. 31, 2016Recorded bird callsNote o of table, , Note q of table
District C and DMar. 1 to May 31, 2017Note l of tableRecorded bird callsNote o of table,
District ESept. 1 to Sept. 16, 2016Note l of table, and Sept. 17 to Dec. 31, 2016Recorded bird callsNote o of table, , Note q of table; bait crop areaNote p of table
District EMar. 1 to May 31, 2017Note l of tableRecorded bird callsNote o of table, ; baitNote p of table
District FSept. 6 to Sept. 23, 2016 Note l of table, and Sept. 24, 2016, to Jan. 7, 2017Recorded bird callsNote o of table, , Note q of table; bait crop areaNote p of table
District F
Mar. 1 to May 31, 2017 Note l of table, Note m of table, Note n of table
Recorded bird callsNote o of table, ; baitNote p of table
District GSept. 24 to Dec. 26, 2016Recorded bird callsNote o of table, , Note q of table

Note

The 2016 federal permit is also valid for the 2017 spring special conservation season for Snow Geese.

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1916-2016

Canada–U.S. Migratory Birds Convention

Celebrating a Century of Shared Conservation

For more information on centennial celebrations, visit Celebrating 100 Years of International Bird Conservation

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Report Your Migratory Bird Bands

Call 1-800-327-BAND (2263) or go to the Report a bird with a Federal Band or Color Marker website

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