Migratory Birds Hunting Regulations, 2017-2018: Quebec

Warning to hunters

The Barrow's Goldeneye looks a lot like its close relative the Common Goldeneye. These two ducks gather in Quebec, and it's important to differentiate between the two, because the Barrow's Goldeneye is "at risk" whereas the Common Goldeneye is not.

Summary

The information presented here is a summary of the law. If there is a discrepancy between the law and this summary, the law prevails. For complete information on fines, general prohibitions, permitted hunting methods and equipment, the requirement to have adequate means to retrieve birds immediately, restrictions on the use of bait, the description of hunting zones, and other restrictions on hunting, please refer to the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 Migratory Birds Regulations. These, along with other useful information for hunters, can be found on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website, or you may contact:

Environment and Climate Change Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service
801-1550 D'Estimauville Avenue
Québec, Quebec G1J 0C3
Tel.: 1-800-668-6767
Fax: 418-649-6591
ec.enviroinfo.ec@canada.ca

You are required to possess a valid federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit with a Canadian Wildlife Habitat Conservation Stamp to hunt migratory birds in Canada. This permit and stamp are valid in all provinces and territories. Most provinces and territories have additional licence requirements for hunting migratory birds and/or to carry firearms. To know what you require, and if there are further restrictions for hunting migratory birds, please verify the applicable regulations for the province/territory where you will be hunting. Note that all required permits and licences must be in your possession while you are hunting.

The Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit is now available online on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website. Purchase and print your permit from the comfort of home.

Consultation process and migratory birds regulatory reports

The hunting provisions of the Migratory Birds Regulations are reviewed by Environment and Climate Change Canada, with input from the provinces and territories, as well as a range of other interested stakeholders. Environment and Climate Change Canada has developed a consultation process for establishing hunting regulations for migratory birds, and publishes the Migratory Birds Regulatory Report Series that can be found on the Environment and Climate Change Canada website.

New enforcement tool, fine regime, and sentencing provisions

In June 2017, the Environmental Violations Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations came into force and administrative monetary penalties (AMPs) are now available to game officers to enforce designated violations of the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994 (MBCA) and its associated regulations. In addition, amendments to the fine regime and sentencing provisions of the MBCA and the regulations necessary to complete the fine regime, the Designation of Regulatory Provisions for the Purposes of Enforcement (Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994) Regulations, came into force on July 12, 2017. The amendments aim to ensure that court-imposed fines more accurately reflect the seriousness of environmental offenses. The new fine regime will be applied by courts following a conviction pursuant to the MBCA or its associated regulations. Under the new fine regime, when designated offenses are contravened, the offender upon conviction, is subject to minimum and higher maximum fines. For more information on AMPs and the new fine regime, please visit the Environmental Enforcement Act.

Waterfowler Heritage Days provide young hunters who are minors (under 18 years of age) with the opportunity to practise hunting and outdoor skills, learn about wildlife conservation, and reinforce safety training in a structured, supervised environment before the season opens for other hunters. Licensed adult hunters who serve as mentors have an opportunity to pass on their considerable skills and knowledge by offering guidance and advice to younger hunters. The following rules are in effect:

  • to participate, young hunters do not require the federal Migratory Game Bird Hunting Permit;
  • young participants must comply with all existing safety and licensing requirements found in the Firearms Act and provincial hunting regulations;
  • participants must be accompanied by a licensed mentor (who is not a minor);
  • mentors may not hunt or carry a firearm, and may accompany no more than two young hunters; and
  • only young hunters may hunt when Waterfowler Heritage Days fall outside of the regular open seasons.

As per subsections 15.1(1) and 15.1(2) of the Migratory Birds Regulations, in Quebec, non-toxic shot must be used to hunt all migratory game birds, except for woodcock. Non-toxic shot must also be used to hunt Mourning Dove. Within National Wildlife Areas, the possession of lead shot is prohibited for all hunting, including the hunting of migratory birds and upland game birds. For those birds still hunted with lead shot, remove the lead shot before cooking to reduce your exposure to contaminants. As well, remove the skin and fat from fish-eating birds before cooking them.

Barrow’s Goldeneye is listed in the Species at Risk Act as a species of special concern, and the bag and possession limit of 1 remains in place.

Open seasons and waterfowler heritage days in Quebec (No open season for Harlequin Ducks or rails)
AreaWaterfowler Heritage day
Ducks (other than Harlequin Ducks), Geese, Woodcock and Snipe, as well as Coots, Gallinules and Mourning Doves
Open Seasons
Ducks (other than Eiders, Harlequin and Long-tailed Duck), Geese (other than Canada Geese, Cackling Geese and Snow Geese) and Snipe
Open Seasons
Canada Geese and
Cackling Geese
Open Seasons
Eiders and
Long-tailed Duck
Open Seasons
Coots and
Gallinules
Open Seasons
Woodcock and
Mourning Doves
District AN/ASept. 1 to
Dec. 16, 2017
Sept. 1 to
Dec. 16, 2017
Sept. 1 to
Dec. 16, 2017
No open seasonSept. 1 to
Dec. 16, 2017 Table Footnote a
District BSept. 9, 2017 Table Footnote aSept. 16 to
Dec. 30, 2017
Sept. 16 to
Dec. 30, 2017
Oct. 1, 2017, to
Jan. 14, 2018 Table Footnote b
No open seasonSept. 9 to
Dec. 23, 2017 Table Footnote a
Districts
C, D and E
Sept. 9, 2017 Table Footnote aSept. 16 to
Dec. 30, 2017 Table Footnote c
Sept. 1 to Sept. 15, 2017 Table Footnote d
Sept. 16 to Dec. 16, 2017
Sept. 16 to
Dec. 30, 2017
No open seasonSept. 16, 2017, to
Dec. 30, 2017 Table Footnote a
District FSept. 16, 2017Sept. 23, 2017 to
Jan. 6, 2018 Table Footnote c
Sept. 6 to Sept. 22, 2017 Table Footnote d
Sept. 23 to Dec. 21, 2017
Sept. 23, 2017, to
Jan. 6, 2018
Sept. 23, 2017, to
Jan. 6, 2018
Sept. 16, 2017, to
Dec 30, 2017
District GSept. 23, 2017 Table Footnote aSept. 30 to
Dec. 26, 2017
Sept. 30 to
Dec. 26, 2017
Nov. 1, 2017, to
Feb. 14, 2018
No open seasonSept. 30 to
Dec. 26, 2017 Table Footnote a
Hunting Districts of Quebec
This map shows the 7 hunting districts in Quebec.
Long Description for the Hunting Districts of Quebec

Map showing the 7 Hunting Districts, Districts A-G, in the province of Quebec. The main urban centres in each District are identified. They are: In District A - Chibougamau; In District B - Sept-îles; In district C - Val d'Or; in District D - Saguenay; in District E - Matane; in District F - Mont-Laurier, Montreal, Sherbrooke and Quebec; District G - the Magdalen Islands.

Hunting districts

Bag and possession limits in Quebec
LimitsDucksGeese (other than Snow Geese)Snow GeeseCoots and GallinulesWoodcockMourning DovesSnipe
Daily bag6 Table Footnote e Table Footnote f Table Footnote g5 Table Footnote h Table Footnote g20 Table Footnote g4 Table Footnote g8 Table Footnote i Table Footnote g8 Table Footnote g10 Table Footnote g
Possession18 Table Footnote j Table Footnote g20 Table Footnote g Table Footnote kNo limit12 Table Footnote g24 Table Footnote g24 Table Footnote g30 Table Footnote g

Overabundant species

The Migratory Birds Regulations also provide for special conservation harvest periods when hunters may take overabundant species. Please note that the additional hunting methods or equipment are permitted only during the special conservation harvest periods. See the table below for details.

Measures in Quebec concerning overabundant species
AreaPeriod during which Snow Geese may be killedAdditional hunting method or equipment
District ASept. 1 to Dec. 16, 2017
May 1 to June 30, 2018
Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l Table Footnote m
Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l
District BSept. 16 to Dec. 30, 2017Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l Table Footnote m
Districts C and DSept. 1 to Sept. 15, 2017 Table Footnote n, and Sept. 16 to Dec. 30, 2017
Mar. 1 to May 31, 2018 Table Footnote n
Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l Table Footnote m
Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l
District ESept. 1 to Sept. 15, 2017 Table Footnote n, and Sept. 16 to Dec. 30, 2017
Mar. 1 to May 31, 2018 Table Footnote n
Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l Table Footnote m; bait crop area Table Footnote o
Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l; bait Table Footnote o
District FSept. 6 to Sept. 22, 2017 Table Footnote n, and Sept. 23 2017, to Jan. 6, 2018
Mar. 1 to May 31, 2018 Table Footnote n, Table Footnote p, Table Footnote q
Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l Table Footnote m; bait crop area Table Footnote o
Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l; bait Table Footnote o
District GSept. 30 to Dec. 26, 2017Recorded bird calls Table Footnote l Table Footnote m

Note

The 2017 federal permit is also valid for the 2018 spring special conservation harvest for Snow Geese.

100 Years of taking birds under our wings

1916-2016

The Canada-US Migratory Birds Convention

1917-2017

The Migratory Birds Convention Act

Centennial celebrations

For more information on centennial celebrations, visit Celebrating 100 years of bird conservation

Report your migratory bird bands

Call 1-800-327-BAND (2263) or go to the Report a bird with a Federal Band or Color Marker website

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