Pollution Prevention Techniques

Pollution prevention (P2) opportunities can be found throughout any operation. For instance, installing different equipment or technology, or changing raw materials or staff routines, can result in P2. The ways in which P2 is achieved vary from one sector to another, but typically there are seven common techniques.

Click on the links below to learn all about these seven common P2 techniques: read their definitions, view examples and access resources.

  1. Materials or Feedstock Substitution

    Replacing polluting substances or materials used in a process or a product with non-polluting or less polluting substances, materials or feedstock.

  2. Product Design or Reformulation

    Preventing the pollution associated with the entire life cycle of products through design of new products and redesign or reformulation of old ones.

  3. Equipment or Process Modification

    Introducing new technologies or approaches to existing operating systems, processes and practices to improve production efficiencies and reduce pollution generated, and materials, energy or water wasted.

  4. Spill and Leak Prevention

    Using measures to prevent accidental and chronic releases, such as leaks of a substance.

  5. On-site Reuse, Recycling or Recovery

    Reusing, recycling and recovering waste products or substances within the property boundaries of where an activity has taken place.

  6. Inventory Management or Purchasing Techniques

    Integration of environmental considerations into inventory management systems and into existing and new purchasing practices.

  7. Good Operating Practice or Training

    Improving operating efficiencies and training, and encouraging staff to recognize P2 opportunities.

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