New Technologies or 'Clean' Technologies
Montréal 2000 Electric Vehicle Project (Environment Canada)
In Québec, road transportation accounts for about 70% of nitrogen-oxide emissions, over 35% of volatile-organic-compound emissions and 40% of greenhouse-gas emissions. The Montréal 2000 Electric Vehicle Project responds to commitments made by Canada to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and addresses the issue of smog. The purpose of the project is to facilitate the introduction of light electric vehicles (EVs) as a viable solution, meeting mobility needs in urban surroundings while contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and other air pollutants.
Ten organizations joined the project and purchased 23 EVs. They included: Environment Canada, Transport Canada, National Defence, Hydro-Québec, City of Montréal, City of St-Jérôme, Services électriques Blanchette, Transports Québec, Bell Canada and the Canada Post Corporation. Partners in the project included: Hydro-Québec, Government of Canada, Government of Québec and the Centre for Electric Vehicle Experimentation in Québec. Under the project participants evaluated vehicle performance and reliability from January 1999 to March 2001 and then considered a conversion plan for their vehicle fleets.
For information on the social marketing aspects of this success story, please visit Tools of Change website.
Environment Canada encourages its employees to use its electric vehicle for trips under 80 km in the course of their duties. Since 1999, the vehicle has traveled an average of 4000 km per year. Overall, the use of electric vehicles will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by more than 3.8 tonnes per vehicle per year.
The retail cost of a battery-charged electric vehicle, because the technology is still new, is 2.5 times more expensive than its gasoline-run equivalent. Charging an EV costs approximately ten times less than it does to fill up with conventional fuel.
Pierre Sylvestre, P. Eng., M.A.Sc.
105 McGill Street
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