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7th Annual Report - 2001-2002

Other Governments

Progress with Other Governments

Federal pollution prevention strategy goal: Foster a national pollution prevention effort.


National Partners

Canadian governments have cooperated through the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) since the early 1990s to address the phase-out of substances such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halons that can deplete the ozone layer. The Federal-Provincial Working Group on Ozone-Depleting Substances and Halocarbon Alternatives has developed Canada's Strategy to Accelerate the Phase-Out of CFC and Halon Uses and to Dispose of the Surplus Stocks, to achieve an orderly and affordable phase-out of CFCs and halons in Canada. An important component of the strategy is the National Action Plan for the Environmental Control of Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) and their Halocarbon Alternatives. The Action Plan provides a national framework for a harmonized approach by the federal, provincial, and territorial governments for implementation of an ozone layer protection program. CCME approved both the strategy and revised National Action Plan in May 2001.

2001 CCME Pollution Prevention Awards

The Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) gives national recognition to companies and organizations showing innovation or leadership in pollution prevention. The 2001 CCME Pollution Prevention Awards were presented to the following recipients:

  • Calgary Transit's "Ride the Wind" project in Calgary, Alberta, for innovative design and implementation in powering its entire 100-car light-rail transit fleet with wind-generated electricity for the next 10 years.
  • Cambridge Memorial Hospital (CMH) in Cambridge, Ontario, for developing a comprehensive environmental management system and being the first hospital in North America certified as ISO 14001 compliant. CMH's accomplishments have involved improving waste management programs to minimize the hospital's impact on the surrounding environment, increasing staff awareness of environmental issues through training, establishing arrangements with external stakeholders to address specific environmental issues, and developing programs to improve the hospital's environmental performance.
  • School District 43 in Coquitlam, British Columbia, for its resource conservation program, which reduced energy consumption per unit area by almost 12.9% and emissions per unit area by 13.6%. The district achieved absolute reductions in greenhouse gas emissions of 5.7%, which represent more than 3300 tonnes of greenhouse gases annually.
  • Dana Canada, Spicer Driveshaft Division, Thorold, Ontario, in the medium-sized business category, for its process improvement approach, which led to the removal of parts washers in two departments and the reduction of nitrogen oxide and other contaminant emissions by more than 60%.
  • Dana Canada, Thorold Frame Plant, Thorold, Ontario, for reformulation of a draw compound and parts washing soap, which reduced employee skin irritation, water consumption, wastewater treatment, and energy consumption. It reduced parts washer water temperature, producing annual energy cost savings of more than $20,000 and a 28% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
  • IBM Canada in Bromont, Québec, large business category, for developing a micro-chip joining process that eliminated chemical solvent cleaning and reduced the manufacturing cycle time by 20%. In addition, advances in water treatment increased treatment efficiency by eliminating hazardous wastes and reutilizing energy. Ozonation of utility plant waters reduced water consumption and minimized chemical treatment requirements. Savings from these three pollution prevention projects exceed $1.5 million annually.

For more details on the CCME awards, visit the CCME website at http://www.ccme.ca.

Provincial, Territorial, and Municipal Partners

The City of Toronto revised its sewer use bylaw after City Council decided to stop incineration and implement 100% biosolids beneficial use by December 31, 2000. Environment Canada assisted the City with pollution prevention aspects of the new bylaw. In 2001-2002 Environment Canada financially supported and participated in the pollution prevention training sessions provided by the City for industry sectors affected by the bylaw.

Industry Canada's Environmental Affairs Branch, working in partnership with industry, municipalities, associations, and provincial, and federal governments, began assessing the feasibility of a municipality-based environmental management system (EMS) using the ISO 14001 standard. A one-year municipality-based EMS pilot initiative will deliver four workshops to facilitate the implementation of a municipal EMS. Municipalities involved in the initiative are working with Environment Canada on the pollution prevention components of the EMS. The first workshop in Vancouver, British Columbia, in March involved 50 participants. Environment Canada-Atlantic Region is subsidizing participation costs for four Atlantic Region municipalities.

Photo: Toronto Cityscape

Environment Canada assisted the City of Toronto with the P2 aspects of its revised sewer use bylaw, which aims to implement a 100% biosolids beneficial use policy.

In March 2002, the Governments of Canada and Quebec, along with the Société de Transport de Montréal, Rothsay Laurenco, the Canadian Renewable Fuels Association, and the Fédération des Producteurs de Cultures Commerciales du Québec, launched the BIOBUS biodiesel demonstration and impact assessment project in Montréal. The project will gain practical experience in the use of biodiesel under real-life conditions, particularly in cold weather, and demonstrate the feasibility of supplying biodiesel to a mass transit company. It will also assess the economic and environmental impact of using this fuel, which is made from recycled sub-food-grade vegetable oil and animal fats. With a budget of over $1.3 million, the one-year project will require 500 000 litres of biodiesel and is the largest endeavour of this nature implemented in North America.

Regional Initiatives

The five-year Georgia Basin Ecosystem Initiative supports key priorities such as protecting air and water quality, developing sustainable communities, and building partnerships to maintain the viability of the region in British Columbia. Efforts to improve water quality include a Stormwater Management Guidebook, piloted within the Regional District of Nanaimo, to assist local governments in developing effective programs to minimize the environmental impacts of stormwater. The Georgia Basin Futures Project is using high technology to engage the public in an interactive process that shows us how the choices we make can impact our environment. The goal is to enhance human well-being while protecting ecological health in the Georgia Basin by 2040.

Canada's National Program of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities (NPA) is led by Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Environment Canada and has been prepared through the collaborative efforts of the federal, provincial, and territorial governments. The NPA complements integrated management in the coastal zone, coastal marine protected areas, and pollution prevention. In November 2001, Canada made its first National Report to the United Nations Environment Programme on NPA implementation. This report describes the current framework for managing the marine environment in Canada, types of programs under way across the country, and how these programs are contributing to NPA goals.

The governments of Canada and Ontario have drafted the Canada-Ontario Agreement Respecting the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem (COA). The Agreement outlines how the two governments will cooperate and coordinate their efforts to restore, protect, and conserve the Great Lakes basin ecosystem. It builds on the actions taken through previous agreements and focuses priorities for future actions. The draft COA was made available for public comment.

Pollution prevention initiatives under Environment Canada-Atlantic Region's Municipal Wastewater Strategy focused on improving awareness of the need for control of pollutants before they enter the sewage system in order to protect pipes, workers, treatment plants, biosolids, and the receiving environment. In partnership with Atlantic Coastal Action Program organizations, general and technical briefings were provided to federal, provincial, and municipal officials and the public. At the 2001 Canadian Pollution Prevention Roundtable in St. John's, Newfoundland, Environment Canada initiated and supported formation of a Municipal Government Workgroup. The workgroup is where municipalities can work collaboratively with one another and with other partners to prevent pollution locally, regionally, and nationally. In addition, the department promoted and provided technical advice on the incorporation of pollution prevention into the national Municipal Wastewater Effluent Risk Management Strategy, Nova Scotia's water and sewage policies, the Halifax Harbour Solutions Project, and Public Works and Government Services Canada's Water Infrastructure Model Screening Project.

Partnerships with the Aboriginal Community

Photo: People walking in snow

The Aboriginal and Northern Climate Change Program focuses on engaging Aboriginal people and Northerners in climate change activities.

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, in partnership with Natural Resources Canada, has developed the Aboriginal and Northern Climate Change Program (ANCCP) to help Canadians meet the Kyoto Protocol target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions 6% below 1990 levels by the period 2008-2012. Objectives of ANCCP focus on engaging Aboriginal people and Northerners in climate change activities and undertaking specific initiatives to address the energy needs of Aboriginal and northern communities.

In April 2002, the Nunavut Waters and Nunavut Surface Rights Tribunal Act was passed. One of the main objectives of this statute is the prevention of water pollution in Nunavut. The passage of the Act fulfils the requirement for legislation clarifying the Board's and Tribunal's powers and establishes a water management and surface rights regime for Nunavut.

As part of Health Canada's 2000 Sustainable Development Strategy, the First Nations and Inuit Health Branch is working to increase energy efficiency and reduce air emissions at all its hospital facilities. Information collected for the air emissions summary will be used to determine where Health Canada should invest resources in air emissions evaluations or audits.

Upcoming Projects

Environment Canada-Pacific and Yukon Region partnered with Western Economic Diversification Canada and the Fraser Basin Council to fund a study to identify communities within British Columbia for pilot eco-industrial projects. Eco-industrial projects include the design of products, processes, and industrial infrastructures that interlock with natural ecosystems to improve the efficiencies of material flows and reduce the ecological footprint of an industry's processes and products. Two potential projects for the near future address greenhouse gas emissions and toxics and waste reduction.

Two Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada research facilities in collaboration with the Ministère de l'Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l'Alimentation du Québec agreed to undertake a research project aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions produced by Canadian farmers.

 

Tracking Progress Against Pollution Prevention-A Federal Strategy for Action3
Goal: Foster a national pollution prevention effort
Actions:Status:Examples:
1. Review legislation, regulations, and policy for opportunities to harmonize approaches to pollution prevention.Ongoing
  • Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) Canada-wide Standards
2. Develop practical tools, such as guidelines and codes of practice, to enable people to implement pollution prevention at an operational level.Ongoing
  • Municipal Environmental Management System pilot
  • Municipal Wastewater Effluent Risk Management Strategy
3. Educate the public about pollution prevention and train relevant groups in the technical aspects of pollution prevention.Ongoing
  • CCME Pollution Prevention Awards

 


3 This table summarizes the linkages to programs and initiatives undertaken in pollution prevention with the federal government's action plan on pollution prevention with other orders of government in Canada.