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Canadian Tropical Cyclone Season Summary for 1980

1980 Storm Tracks Image
1980 Storm Tracks Image

Hurricane Charley (August 20 to August 25, 1980)

Hurricane Charley developed from an extratropical low pressure system that had moved southeastward over the United States mid-Atlantic coast on August 20. By the middle of the day on the 20th, Charley had a well-defined low-level cloud circulation centre positioned just offshore from Hatteras, North Carolina. The system then moved in a cyclonic loop for three days. The centre passed within 320 kilometres northwest of Bermuda. By August 24, Hurricane Charley was moving towards the east and was accelerating its forward speed. Charley moved directly across the North Atlantic shipping lanes on the 24th and 25th and several ships reported gale-force winds during this period. The storm eventually weakened and could no longer be identified as a tropical weather system by the 26th, having finally become absorbed by an intense North Atlantic extratropical cyclone.

Hurricane Frances (September 6 to September 21, 1980)

A series of three waves began to move off the African coast on August 28, 1980. One of these three waves re-curved to the east and developed into Hurricane Frances. Frances became a storm on September 6, 1980, while located just to the south of the Cape Verde Islands. Frances remained a hurricane for 12 days as it turned northward across the central Atlantic.

Hurricane Georges (September 1 to September 8, 1980)

A series of three waves began to move off the African coast on August 28, 1980. The first of these continued across the Atlantic, re-curving west of Bermuda, and eventually strengthening to Hurricane Georges. This system was tracked as a depression from September 1 through September 4, but it weakened as it passed northwest of Leeward Islands. The residual disturbance interacted with an upper level cold low and formed a subtropical depression on the 5th.

The depression moved northeastward, separated from the upper low and slowly acquired a more tropical appearance. Twenty-four hours after reaching storm strength on the 7th, George became a hurricane. The centre passed 185 kilometres southeast of Cape Race, Newfoundland on September 8 and the storm began to dissipate later that day. Hurricane Georges attained a maximum wind speed of 130 kilometres per hour (70 knots) on September 8.

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