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Environment Canada’s terms to describe Weather Conditions

Environment Canada uses the following weather observing terminology in our suite of weather and meteorological products. More information on these terms can be found in the weather glossary or by visiting the public alerting criteria website.

  • Blowing Snow
  • Clear
  • Cloudy
  • Decreasing Cloud
  • Distant Precipitation
  • Drifting Snow
  • Drizzle
  • Dust
  • Dust Devils
  • Fog
  • Fog Bank Near Station
  • Fog Depositing Ice
  • Fog Patches
  • Freezing drizzle
  • Freezing rain
  • Funnel Cloud
  • Hail
  • Haze
  • Heavy Blowing Snow
  • Heavy Drifting Snow
  • Heavy Drizzle
  • Heavy Hail
  • Heavy Mixed Rain and Drizzle
  • Heavy Mixed Rain and Snow Shower
  • Heavy Rain
  • Heavy Rain and Snow
  • Heavy Rainshower
  • Heavy Snow
  • Heavy Snow Pellets
  • Heavy Snowshower
  • Heavy Thunderstorm with Hail
  • Heavy Thunderstorm with Rain
  • Ice Crystals
  • Ice Pellets
  • Increasing Cloud
  • Light Drizzle
  • Light Freezing Drizzle
  • Light Freezing Rain
  • Light Rain
  • Light Rainshower
  • Light Snow
  • Light Snow Pellets
  • Light Snowshower
  • Lightning Visible
  • Mainly Clear
  • Mainly Sunny
  • Mist
  • Mixed Rain and Drizzle
  • Mixed Rain and Snow Shower
  • Mostly Cloudy
  • Not Reported
  • Partly Cloudy
  • Rain
  • Rain and Snow
  • Rainshower
  • Recent Drizzle
  • Recent Dust or Sand Storm
  • Recent Fog
  • Recent Freezing Precipitation
  • Recent Hail
  • Recent Rain
  • Recent Rain and Snow
  • Recent Rainshower
  • Recent Snow
  • Recent Snowshower
  • Recent Thunderstorm
  • Recent Thunderstorm with Hail
  • Recent Thunderstorm with Heavy Hail
  • Recent Thunderstorm with Heavy Rain
  • Recent Thunderstorm with Rain
  • Sand or Dust Storm
  • Severe Sand or Dust Storm
  • Shallow Fog
  • Smoke
  • Snow
  • Snow Crystals
  • Snow Grains
  • Squalls
  • Sunny
  • Thunderstorm with Hail
  • Thunderstorm with Rain
  • Thunderstorm with Sand or Dust Storm
  • Thunderstorm without Precipitation
  • Tornado