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Landbirds include some of the most familiar and best-loved birds in Canada. But populations of this group, representing about 220 species of birds, have shown long-term declines over the last 30 years. Loss and degradation of wildlife habitat are believed to be the primary causes of these declines.

In response to concern for these birds, the Canadian Wildlife Service, with its mandate for migratory bird conservation, is working with partners to build the Canadian landbird conservation program.

The Canadian Landbird Monitoring Strategy (CLMS) provides a strategic framework and an action plan for the long-term monitoring of Canada's landbirds and selected waterbirds.The goals and recommendations of the CLMS are intended to improve the coverage, quality, and analysis of monitoring data and to ensure that results are disseminated broadly and will help lead to appropriate research and conservation activity.