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ARCHIVED - CEPA Annual Report for the Period of April 1997 to March 1998

CEPA-Related Publications 1997-98

Canadian Wildlife Service - Contact person: Mark Hickson (819) 997-1095

Bredin, K.A., N.M. Burgess, D.B. McCorquodale and D.L. Harris. 1997. Volunteer surveys of waterbirds of the Sydney, Nova Scotia Area, including the Sydney Tar Ponds, 1993-1996. Canadian Wildlife Service Technical Report Series No. 273, Canadian Wildlife Service, Published Atlantic Region, Environment Canada.

Donaldson, G.M., B.M. Braune, A.J. Gaston, D.G. Noble. 1997. Organochlorine and heavy metal residues in breast muscle of known-age thick-milled murres (Uria Iomvia) from the Canadian Arctic. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 33: 430-435.

Elliott, J.E. and A.M. Scheuhammer. 1997. Heavy metal and metallothionein concentrations in seabirds from the Pacific coast of Canada. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 34, 794-801.

Elliott, J.E. and R.J. Norstrom. 1998. Chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants and productivity of bald eagles on the Pacific coast of Canada. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 17: 1039-1051.

Elliott, J.E., I.E. Moul and K.M. Cheng. 1998. Variable reproductive success of bald eagles on the British Columbia coast. Journal of Wildlife Management. 62: 518-529.

Elliott, J.E., P.A. Martin and P.E. Whitehead. 1997. Organochlorine contaminants in seabird eggs from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. In: K. Vermeer (ed.), The ecology, status and conservation of marine and shoreline birds of the Queen Charlotte Islands, B.C. CWS Occasional Paper No. 93: 137-146.

Elliott, J.E., S.W. Kennedy and A. Lorenzen. 1997. Comparative toxicity of polychlorinated biphenyls to Japanese quail (Coturnix c. japonica) and American kestrels (Falco sparverius). J. of Toxicology and Environmental Health 51:57-75.

Evers, D.C., J.D. Kaplan, M.W. Meyer, P.S. Reaman, W.E. Braselton, A. Major, N. Burgess and A.M. Scheuhammer. 1998. Geographic trend in mercury measured in common loon feathers and blood. J. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 17: 172-183.

Fisk, A.T., R.J. Norstrom, C.D. Cymbalisty and D.C.G. Muir. 1998. Dietary accumulation and depuration of hydrophobic organochlorines: bioaccumulation parameters and their relationship with the octanol/water partition coefficients. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 17 (5): 951-961.

Fox, G.A., S.W. Kennedy and S. Trudeau. 1997. Hepatic porphyrin patterns in birds as a promising measure of effect and bioavailability of PCBs and other HAHs in water and sediments. Organohalogen Compounds 33: 366-370.

Haffner, G.D., C.A. Straughan, D.V. Weseloh and R. Lazar. 1997. Levels of polychlorinated biphenyls, including coplanar congeners, and 2,3,7,8-T4 CDD toxic equivalents in double-crested cormorant and herring gull eggs from Lake Erie and Lake Ontario: a comparison between 1981 and 1992. J. Great Lakes Res. 23(1): 52-60. Internat. Assoc. Great Lakes Res.

Hebert, C.E., J.L. Shutt and R.J. Norstrom. 1997. Dietary changes cause temporal fluctuations in polychlorinated biphenyl levels in Herring Gulls from Lake Ontario. Environmental Science and Technology 31(4): 1012-1017.

Hobson,K.A., K.D. Hughes and P.J. Ewins. 1997. Using stable-isotope analysis to identify endogenous and exogenous sources of nutrients in eggs of migratory birds: applications to great lakes contaminants research. The Auk 114(3):467-478.

Letcher R.J., R.J. Norstrom and D.C.G. Muir. 1998. Biotransformation versus bioaccumulation: Sources of methyl sulfone PCB and 4,4'-DDE metabolites in the Polar Bear food chain Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 32, 11: 1656-1661.

Letcher, R.J. and R.J. Norstrom. 1997. Electron-capture/negative ion mass spectrometric characteristics of bioaccumulating methyl sulfone-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls. J. of Mass Spectrometry 32: 232-240.

Letcher, R.J., D.C.G. Muir, R.J. Norstrom, R. Michaud and P. Beland. 1997. PCB biotransformation and methyl sulfone PCB metabolites in Beluga Whale (Delphinapterus leucas) from the St. Lawrence River estuary and western Hudson Bay Dioxin '97, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. Organohalogen Compounds, Vol. 33: 290-295.

McNicol, D.K., M.L.Mallory, G. Mierle, A.M., Scheuhammer, A.M., and A.H.K. Wong. 1997. Leeches as indicators of dietary mercury exposure in non-piscivorous waterfowl in central Ontario, Canada. Environmental Pollution 95: 177-181.

Mineau, P. 1998. Biomarkers: Are there linkages to ecological effects? IN: Multiple stresses in ecosystems. J.J. Cech, B.W. Wilson and D.C. Crosby, eds., Lewis Publishers.

Scheuhammer, A.M. and D.M. Templeton. 1998. Use of stable isotope ratios to distinguish sources of lead exposure in wild birds Ecotoxicology 7, 37-42.

Scheuhammer, A.M., A.H.K. Wong and D. Bond. 1998. Mercury and selenium accumulation in common loons (Gavia Immer) and common mergansers (Mergus Merganser) from eastern Canada. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 17(2): 197-201.

Scheuhammer, A.M., C.M. Atchison, A.H.K. Wong and D.C. Evers. 1998. Mercury exposure in breeding common loons (Gavia Immer) in central Ontario, Canada. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol 17( 2): 191-196.

Scheuhammer, A.M., D.K. McNicol, M.L.Mallory, and J.J. Kerekes. 1997. Relationships between lake chemistry and calcium and trace metal concentrations of aquatic invertebrates eaten by breeding insectivorous waterfowl. Environmental Pollution, Vol. 96(2): 235-247.

Wayland, M, K.A. Hobson, S. Trudeau, T. Marchant and D. Parker. 1997. Tree swallows as bioindicators of riparian wildlife exposure to pulp and paper mill effluent. Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Aquatic Toxicity Workshop, Calgary, Alberta. Can. Tech. Rept. Fish. Aquat. Sci. No. 2144: 147

Weseloh, D.V., D.P. Ryckman, K. Pettit, M.D. Doster, P.J. Ewins and P. Hamr. 1997. Distribution and abundance of waterbirds in summer in Severn Sound (Georgian Bay), Lake Huron: an IJC area of concern. J. Great Lakes Res. 23 (1): 27-35. Internat. Assoc Great Lakes Res.

Weseloh, D.V.C., J. Rodrigue, H. Blokpoel and P.J. Ewins. 1997. Contaminant concentrations in eggs of Black Terns (Chidonias niger) from southern Ontario and southern Quebec, 1989-1996. Colonial Waterbirds 20(3): 604-616.

Wren, C.D., C.A. Bishop, D.L. Stewart and G.C. Barrett. 1997. Wildlife and contaminants in constructed wetlands and stormwater ponds: current state of knowledge and protocols for monitoring contaminant levels and effects in wildlife. Canadian Wildlife Service Technical Report No. 269, Canadian Wildlife Service, Ontario Region, Environment Canada. 52 pp., Protocols: 57 pp.

National Water Research Institute - Contact person: Martine Allard (905) 336-4877

Brown, A., P. Lapcevic, K. Novakowski, S. Lesage, S. Brown, K. Millar, J. Voralek and L. Zanini.1997. Characterization of trichloroethylene contamination in the fractured bedrock at the Smithville, Ontario, site. NWRI Contribution 97-140.

Brownlee, B.G., S.L. Telford, R.W. Crosley and L.R. Noton. 1997. Distribution of organic contaminants in bottom sediments, Peace and Athabasca River Basins, 1988 to 1992. NRBS Project Report Series, Edmonton, Alberta. Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 134.

Burnison, B.K. 1998. Review of bioconcentration, bioaccumulation and Kow techniques. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 33(2): 213-230.

Chambers, P.A., M. Allard, S.L. Walker, J. Marsalek, J. Lawrence, M. Servos, J. Busnarda, K.S. Munger, K. Adare, C. Jefferson, R.A. Kent and M.P. Wong. 1997. Impacts of municipal wastewater effluents on Canadian waters: A Review. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 32(4): 659-713.

Chau, Y.K. and F. Yang. 1997. A novel technique for direct derivatization of ionic organotin and alkyllead compounds in sediment: Simultaneous determination of organotin and alkyllead compounds in sediment by gas chromatography-plasma atomic emission (GC-AED) dual channel detection. Appl. Organomet. Chem. 11: 851-858.

Chau, Y.K., R.J. Maguire, M. Brown, F. Yang and S.P. Batchelor. 1997. Occurrence of butyltin compounds in mussels in Canada. Appl. Organometal. Chem. 11: 903-912.

Chau, Y.K., R.J. Maguire, M. Brown, F. Yang and S.P. Batchelor. 1997. Occurrence of organotin compounds in the Canadian environment five years after the regulation of antifouling uses of tributyltin. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 32(3): 453-521.

Day, K.E., R.J Maguire, D. Milani and S.P. Batchelor. 1998. Toxicity of tributyltin to four species of freshwater benthic invertebrates using spiked sediment bioassays. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 33(1): 111-132.

Hodson, P.V., M.K. Maj, S. Efler, B.K. Burnison, A.R.P. van Heiningen, R. Girard and J.H. Carey. 1997. MFO induction in fish by spent cooking liquors form kraft pulp mills. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 16(5): 908-916.

Huestis, S.Y., M.R. Servos, D.M. Whittle, M. van den Heuvel and D.G. Dixon. 1997. Evaluation of temporal and age-related trends of chemically and biologically generated 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin equivalents in Lake Ontario lake trout, 1977 to 1993. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 16(2): 154-164.

Jackson, T.A. 1997. Long-range atmospheric transport of mercury to ecosystems, and the importance of anthropogenic emissions - a critical review and evaluation of the published evidence. Environmental Reviews 5: 99-120.

Jackson, T.A. 1998. Mercury in aquatic ecosystems. pp. 77-158. In W.J. Langston and M.J. Bebianno (eds), Metal Metabolism in Aquatic Environments, Chapman & Hall, London.

Jackson, T.A. 1998. The biogeochemical and ecological significance of interactions between colloidal minerals and trace elements. In J.E. Rae and A. Parker (eds), Environmental Interactions of Clay Minerals, Chapter 5. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (In press.)

Kaiser, K.L.E. 1998. Review of biodegradability tests for the purpose of developing regulations. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 33(2): 185-211.

Kaiser, K.L.E., M. McKinnon and S.P. Niculescu. 1997. On simple linear regression, multiple linear regression, and elementary probabilistic neural network with Gaussian Kernel's performance in modeling toxicity values to fathead minnow based on Microtox data, octanol/water partition coefficient, and various structural descriptors for a 419-compound dataset. p. 285-297. In F. Chen and G. Schüürmann (eds.), Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships in Environmental Sciences - VII. SETAC Press, Pensacola, Florida.

Kaiser, K.L.E., S.P. Niculescu and G. Schüürmann. 1997. Feed forward backpropagation neural networks and their use in predicting the acute toxicity of chemicals to the fathead minnow. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 32(3): 637-657.

Krupcík, J., E. Benická, J. Hrouzek, F.I. Onuska. 1997. Determination of ECD relative response factors for HRGC quantitative trace analysis of PCBs. Petroleum and Coal 39(2): 48-51.

Lee, H.-B., J. Weng, T.E. Peart and R.J. Maguire. 1998. Occurrence of alkylphenoxyacetic acids in Canadian sewage treatment plant effluents. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 33(1): 19-29.

Lesage, S. 1998. Bioremediation in Canada: Research Directions. pp. 59-80. In S.K. Sikdar and R.L. Irvine (eds.) Bioremediation: Principles and Practice - Bioremediation Technologies, Volume III. Technomics Publishing Co. Lancaster, PA, USA.

Lesage, S., H. Hofmann, W.-C. Li, K. Millar, D. Liu and H. Seidel. 1997. Effect of humic acids on the biodegradation of PAHs by bacteria and fungi. Vol 4(2):185-191. In B. Alleman and A. Leeson (eds.) In-Situ and On-Site Bioremediation. Proceeding of the Fourth International Symposium on In-Situ and On-Site Bioremediation. New Orleans.

Liu, D., R.J. Maguire, Y.L. Lau, G.J. Pacepavicius, H. Okamura and I. Aoyama. 1997. Transformation of the new antifouling compound Irgarol 1051 by Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Water Res. 31(9): 2363-2369.

Liu, D., R.J. Maguire, L. Lau, G. Pacepavicius, H. Okamura and I. Aoyama. 1998. Microbial adsorption of cyanazine and metolachlor. J. Environ. Sci. Health B33(1): 1-15.

Marsalek, J. and S. Kok. 1997. Stormwater management and abatement of combined sewer overflow pollution. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 32(1): 1-5.

Marsalek, J., W.E. Watt, B.C. Anderson and C. Jaskot. 1997. Physical and chemical characteristics of sediments from a stormwater management pond. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 32(1): 89-100.

Mayer, T., B. Dutka and J. Marsalek. 1997. Toxicity and contaminants status of suspended and bottom sediments from urban stormwater ponds. p. 159-165. In J.S. Gourdey, S.M. Swanson, M.D. Treissman and A.J. Niini (eds.), Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Aquatic Toxicology Workshop, Calgary, Alberta.

Millar, K. and S. Lesage. 1997. Bio-compatibility of the Vitamin B12-catalyzed Reductive Dechlorination of Tetrachloroethylene. Vol 4(4) pp. 471-477. In B.C. Alleman and A. Leeson (eds) Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on In Situ and On Site Bioremediation, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 28-May 1, 1997. Battelle Press, Columbus OH, USA.

Munkittrick, K.R., M.R. Servos, J.H. Carey and G.J. Van Der Kraak. 1997. Environmental impacts of pulp and paper wastewater: Evidence for a reduction in environmental effects at North American pulp mill since 1992. Water Sci. Technol. 35(2-3): 329-338.

Ng, H.Y.F. and S.B. Clegg. 1997. Atrazine and metolachlor losses in runoff events from and agricultural watershed: The importance of runoff components. Sci. Tot. Env. 193: 215-228.

Niculescu, S.P., K.L.E. Kaiser and G. Schüürmann. 1998. Influence of data preprocessing and kernel selection on probabilistic neural network modeling of the acute toxicity of chemicals to the fathead minnow and Vibrio fischeri bacteria. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 33(1): 153-165.

Onuska, F.I. and R.J. Maguire. 1997. Environmental applications of mass spectrometry: Toxaphene analysis. p. 533-558. In R.M. Caprioli et al. (eds.), Selected Topics and Mass Spectrometry in the Biomolecular Sciences. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.

Shaw, J., W.E. Watt, J. Marsalek, B.C. Anderson and A.A. Crowder. 1997. Flow pattern characterization in an urban stormwater detention pond and implications for water quality. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 32(1): 53-71.

Sorel, D., J.A. Cherry and S. Lesage. 1998. An in situ vertical circulation column for testing groundwater remediation methods. Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation 18(1): 114-125.

Van Buren, M.A., W.E. Watt and J. Marsalek. 1997. Removal of selected urban stormwater constituents by an on-stream pond. J. Environ. Plan. Manage. 40: 5-18.


Lesage, S., S. J. Brown and K.R. Millar. Method for dehalogenating contaminated water and soil. U.S. Patent 5,645,374. Date of issue: July 8, 1997.

Health Canada - Contact Person: Jeniffer Rae (613) 941-1450

Journal Publications

Desaulniers, D.; Leingartner, K.; Zacharewski, T.; Foster, W. G. (1997) Optimization of an MCF7-E3 Cell Proliferation Assay and Effects of Environmental Pollutants and Industrial Chemicals. (in press). Toxicology In Vitro.

Desaulniers, D.; Poon, R.; Phan, W.; Leingartner, K.; Foster, W. G.; Chu, I. (1997) Reproductive and Thyroid Hormone Levels in Rats Following 90-day Dietary Exposure to PCB 28 (2,4,4'-trichlorobiphenyl) or PCB 77 (3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl). Toxicology and Industrial Health. 13: pp. 627-638.

Jiao, J.; Douglas, G. R.; Gingerich, J. D.; Soper, L. M. (1997) Analysis of Tissue-specific lacZ Mutations Induced by N-nitrosodibenzyl Amine in Transgenic Mice. Carcinogenesis. 18: pp. 2239-2245.

Seligy, V. L.; Beggs, R. W.; Rancourt, J. M.; Tayabali, A. F. (1997) Quantitative Bioreduction Assays for Calibrating Spore Content and Viability of Commercial Bacillus Thuringiensis Insecticides. Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology. 18: pp. 370-378.

Tayabali, A. F.; Seligy, V. L. (1997) Cell Integrity Markers for In vivo Evaluation of Cytotoxic Responses to Bacteria-containing Commercial Insecticides. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 37: pp. 152-162.

Watson, D.; Seligy, V. L. (1997) Characterization of Iridovirus IV1 Polypeptides: Mapping by Surface Labelling. Research in Virology. 148: pp. 239-250.

Woods, D. E.; Lam, J. S.; Paranchych, W.; Speert, D. P.; Campbell, M.; Godfrey, A. J. (1997) Correlation of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Virulence Pactors from Clinical and Environmental Isolates with Pathogenicity in the Neutropenic Mouse. Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 43: pp. 541-551.

Camus, M.; Siemiatyeki, J.; Meek, M. E. (1997) Non-occupational Exposure to Asbestos and Risk of Lung Cancer. New England Journal of Medicine.

Foster, W. G.; Desaulniers, D.; Leingartner, K.; Wade, M.; Poon, R.; Chu, I. (1997) Reproductive Effect of Tris(4-chlorophenyl) Methanol in the Rat. (in press). Chemosphere.

Gray, L. E.; Kelce, W. R.; Wiese, T.; Tyl, R.; Gaido, K.; Cook, J.; Klinefelter, G.; Desaulniers, D.; Wilson, E.; Zacharewski, T.; Waller, C.; Foster, P.; Laskey, J.; Reel, J.; Giesy, J.; Breslin, W.; Cooper, R.; Di Giulio, R.; Welshons, W.; Miller, R.; Safe, S.; McLachlan, J.; McMaster, S.; Colborn, R. (1997) Encodrine Screening Methods Workshop Report: Detection of Estrogenic and Andogenic, Hormonal and Antihormonal Activity for Chemicals that Act via Receptor or Sterodogenic Enzyme Mechanisms. Reproductive Toxicology. 11: pp. 719-750.

Koniecki, D.; Newhook, R.; Long, G.; Conilh de Beyssac, B.; Socha, A. (1997) Screening Candidate Substances for the Second Priority Substances List under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act. Environmental Carcinogenesis and Exotoxicology Reviews. C51: No. 1: pp. 44-59.

Liteplo, R. G.; Long, G.; Meek, M. E. (1997) Relevance of Carcinogenicity Bioassays in Mice in Assessing Potential Health Risks Associated with Exposure to Methylene Chlorine. Human & Experimental Toxicology. 17: pp. 84-87.

Meek, M. E. (1997) Perceived Precision of Risk Estimates for Carcinogenic Versus Non-neoplastic Effects: Implications for Methodology. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. 5: pp. 673-679.

Moir, D.; Poon, R.; Yagminas, A.; Park, G.; Viau, A.; Valli, V. E.; Chu, I. (1997) The Subchronic Toxicity of Acridine in the Rat. Journal of Environmental Science & Health. Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants and Agricultural Wastes. 32: No. 4: pp. 545-564.

Poon, R.; Davis, H.; Lecavalier, P.; Liteplo, R.; Yagminas, A.; Chu, I.; Bihun, C. (1997) Effects of Benzothiophene on Male Rats Following Short-term Oral Exposure. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. 50: pp. 53-65.

Poon, R.; Davis, H.; Park, G.; Lecavalier, P.; Yagminas, A.; Elwin, J.; Chu, I.; Valli, V. E. (1997) Effects of Benzothiophene on Rats Following 13 Week Dietary Exposure. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. (in press)

Poon, R.; Lecavalier, P.; Mueller, R.; Valli, V. E.; Procter, B.; Chu, I. (1997) Subchronic Oral Toxicity of Di-n-Octyl Phthalate and Di(2-Ethylhexyl) Phthalate in the Rat. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 35: pp. 225-239.

Wade, M.; Desaulniers, D.; Leingartner, K.; Foster, W. (1997) Interactions Between Endosulfan and Dieldrin on Estrogen-mediated Processes In Vitro and In Vivo. Reproductive Toxicology. 11: pp. 791-798.

Yang, J. Z.; Yagminas, A.; Foster, W. G. (1997) Stimulating Effects of 4-Chlorodiphenyl Ether on Surgically Induced Endometriosis in the Mouse. Reproductive Toxicology. 11: pp. 69-75.

Books & Newsletters

Seligy, V. L.; Douglas, G. R.; Rancourt, J. M.; Tayabali, A. F.; Otvos, I.; Van Frankenhuyzin, K.; Dugal, J.; Rousseau, G.; Szabo, A. G. (1997) Comparative Performance of Conventional and Molecular Dosimetry Methods in Environmental Monitoring Using Biopesticides as Models. In: Rapid Methods for Monitoring the Environment for Biological Hazards. P.J. Stopa (eds.) Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Vol. NATO ASI Series: pp. 1-18.

Myres, A. W. (Jan. 2, 1997) Reducing the Risks of Toxic Substances Under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act. In: It's Your Health Fact Sheet. Ottawa, ON: Health Protection Branch,

PRIORITY SUBSTANCES SECTION (1997) Information on Priority Substances Program for Division Home Page. In: Internet.

Younes, M.; Sonich-Mullin, C.; Meek, M. E.; Hertel, R.; Gibb, H. Schaum ,. J. (1997) Risk Assessment and Management. In: International, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

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