Ecological Screening Assessment Report on Perfluorooctane Sulfonate, Its Salts and Its Precursors that Contain the C8F17SO2 or C8F17SO3, or C8F17SO2N Moiety
- 1. Identity, Uses, and Sources of Release
- 2. Environmental Fate, Exposure and Effects
- 3. Environmental Concentrations
- 4. Key Toxicological Studies
- 5. Risk Quotient Analyses
- 6. Discussion
- 7. Conclusion
- 8. References
- Appendix 1: List of PFOS and its Precursors
- Appendix 2: PFOS Concentrations in Selected Wildlife in North America and Circumpolar Regions, 1982-2005
- Appendix 3: Risk Quotients for Migratory Birds
- Appendix 4: Summary of Data used in Risk Quotient (Q) Analyses of PFOS
- Appendix 5: Risk Quotients for PFOS
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US EPA OPPT AR226-1030a157. 3M submission dated 6/20/01. Accumulation of perfluorooctane sulfonate and related fluorochemicals in mink and river otters.
US EPA OPPT AR226-1030a158. 3M submission dated 6/20/01. Perfluorooctane sulfonate and related fluorochemicals in oyster, Crassostrea virginica, from the Gulf of Mexico and Chesapeake Bay.
US EPA OPPT AR226-1030a159. 3M submission dated 6/20/01. Perfluorooctane sulfonate and related fluorochemicals in fish-eating water birds.
US EPA OPPT AR226-1030a160. 3M submission dated 6/20/01. Accumulation of perfluorooctane sulfonate in marine mammals.
US EPA OPPT AR226-1030a161. 3M submission dated 6/01/01. Selected fluorochemicals in the Decatur, Alabama area.
US EPA OPPT AR226-1106. 3M submission dated 5/10/02. Final report and robust summary PFOS: an acute toxicity study with the earthworm in an artificial soil substrate. Wildlife International, Ltd. Project No. 454-111.
US EPA AR-226-1107. 3M Environmental Laboratory. 2002. Soil adsorption revised. June 12, 2002, revision to 3M Technical Report “Soil Adsorption/Desorption Study of Potassium Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS).” Project No. E00-1311, final report completion date June 4, 2001. Amended report completion date May 24, 2002
US EPA AR226-1486. 2003. 3M Environmental and Health Assessment of Perfluorooctanoic Sulfonic Acid and its Salts Prepared by J. Moore (Hollyhouse Inc.), J. Rodericks, D. Turnbull (Environ Corp), W. Warren-Hicks et al. (Cadmus)
US EPA OPPT AR226-1735. 3M submission dated 3/24/04. Final Report: PFOS – A Dietary LC50 Study with Mallard. Wildlife International Ltd., Project No. 454-102.
US EPA OPPT AR226-1738. 3M submission dated 12/18/03. Final Report PFOS: A Pilot Reproduction Study with the Mallard Wildlife International, Ltd. Project Number: 454-108
US EPA OPPT 226-1739. Analytical Report Extraction of Potassium Perfluoro octanesulfonate from Mallard Serum and Mallard Liver for Analysis Using HPLC- Electrospray/Mass Spectrometry. Centre Analytical Laboratories Inc. Study Number: 023-042
US EPA OPPT 226-1740. Submission dated 9/6/01 Analytical Report Extraction of Potassium Perfluoro octanesulfonate from Egg Membrane Albumen and Yolk for Analysis Using HPLC-Electrospray/ Mass Spectrometry Study No. 023-063.
US EPA OPPT AR226-1831. 3M Submission dated 8/20/03. Final Report PFOS: A Reproduction Study with the Northern Bobwhite Wildlife International, Ltd. Project Number: 454-108
US EPA AR226-04996. 3M Company 1995. Technical Report Summary of Preliminary Investigation on Assessment of the Bioaccumulative Properties of Ammonium Perfluorooctanoate: static. Submitted
US EPA OPPT AR226-1832. 3M Submission dated 4/18/03. Study Analytical Phase Report for PFOS: A Reproduction Study with the Northern Bobwhite. 3M Environmental Laboratory Study # E01-1245 Wildlife International Ltd. Project Number: 454-108
US EPA OPPT AR226-1833. 3M Submission dated 6/2/03. Study Extraction of Potassium Perfluorooctanesulfonate from Red Blood Cells and Serum for Analysis Using HPLC-Electrospray/Mass Spectrometry. Exygen Research Study Number: 023-066.
US EPA OPPT AR226-1834. Analytical Report: Analysis of Perflurooctane Sulfonate in Mallard and Quail Egg Yolk. Exygen Research Study Number 023-070.
Van Vlaardingen, P.L.A., Traas, T.P., Wintersen, Aldenberg, T.2004 ETX 2.0. A program to calculate hazardous concentrations and fraction affected, based on normally distributed toxicity data. Report 601501028/2004. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezonheid en Milieu (RIVM).
Verreault, J., Houde, M., Gabrielsen, G.W., Berger, U., Haukås, M., Letcher, R., Muir, D.C.G. 2005. Perfluorinated Alkyl Substances in Plasma, Liver, Brain, and Eggs of Glaucous Gulls (Larus hyperboreus) from the Norwegian Arctic. Environmental Science and Technology 39: 7439-7445.
Yamashita, N., Kurunthachalam, K., Taniyasu, S., Horii, Y., Petrick, G., and Gamo, T. 2005. A global survey of perfluorinated acids in oceans. Marine Pollution Bulletin. Volume 51, Issue 8-12, 658-668.
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