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ARCHIVED - A Guide to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 March 2000


The Preamble sets out the guiding principles of the CEPA 1999, including:

  • sustainable development;
  • pollution prevention;
  • the precautionary principle;
  • the polluter pays principle; and
  • removing threats to biological diversity.

The Preamble also reinforces the importance of intergovernmental cooperation in protecting the environment and the need to consider the following in decision-making:

  • traditional aboriginal knowledge;
  • environmental or health risks; and
  • social, economic and technical factors.
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