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ARCHIVED - Part II: Canada's National Action Plan on Unintentionally Produced Persistent Organic Pollutants (NAP)

Appendix B

Jurisdictional Initiatives on On-Site Residential Waste Combustion
JurisdictionStatutes/RegulationsDescription
British ColumbiaWaste Management ActGeneral prohibition against causing pollution. Backyard burning is no specifically addressed in statutory provisions or regulations.
AlbertaSubstance Release RegulationProhibition against burning debris that causes release of dense smoke, offensive odours or toxic substances. Regulation targets non-domestic sources of air pollution but may be interpreted more broadly.
SaskatchewanClean Air ActAct gives municipalities the authority to control open air fires for burning of household waste.
ManitobaManitoba Environment ActProvides general pollution prevention legislation and opportunity to control emissions of concern from public health or nuisance perspectives.
Ontario

Environmental Protection Act (EPA)

Fire Code

The EPA provides a general prohibition against discharging a contaminant that causes or is likely to cause an adverse effect. The Fire Code prohibits open air burning unless approved by the Chief Fire Official.
QuebecRegulation Respecting the Quality of the AtmosphereGeneral prohibition against open air burning of residual materials; no specific prohibition respecting on-site residential waste combustion.
New BrunswickAir Quality RegulationProhibits burning any material in an open fire without a permit; permitting system administered by the Department of Environment and Local Government; Department policy prohibits burning domestic waste.
Nova Scotia

Air Quality Regulation (AQR)

Solid Waste Resource Management Regulations (SWRMR)

The AQR prohibit open burning of designated materials, including tires, used oil, rubber, and plastic. The SWRMR prohibits the open burning of municipal solid waste.
Prince Edward IslandAir Quality RegulationsProhibits the burning of a range of materials including domestic waste, permitting system for backyard fires administered by the Department of Environment and Energy.
NewfoundlandPollution Control RegulationsProhibits open burning of any material that will or is likely to cause air pollution, except with permission of provincial officials.
NunavutEnvironmental Protection ActGeneral prohibition against discharge of contaminants to the environment.
Northwest TerritoriesEnvironmental Protection ActGeneral prohibition against discharge of contaminants to the environment.
YukonAir Emissions RegulationGeneral prohibition on open burning of waste in quantities greater than 5 kilograms.

Source: Gartner Lee Limited, Approaches to Reducing On-Site Residential Waste Combustion, prepared for the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME), February 2004.

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