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ARCHIVED - Part II: Canada's National Action Plan on Unintentionally Produced Persistent Organic Pollutants (NAP)

Appendix A

Summary of Canada's UPOPs Sources, Releases and Management Strategies
Source
Releases to Atmosphere
ITEQ g/yr *Approach
Conical Burners44CWS signed in Nov 2003: Newfoundland phase out by 2008; no new facilities for all jurisdictions
Incineration -- All Sectors41

CWS signed in June 2001

New: 80 pg ITEQ/m3

Existing: 80 pg ITEQ/m3 by 2006 (sewage sludge incinerators 100 pg/m3 by 2005)

Steel EAF11

CWS signed in March 2003:

New or modified: 100 pg ITEQ/m3

Existing: 150 pg ITEQ/m3 by 2006; 100 pg/m3 by 2010, plus limits for new or modified

Iron Sintering Plants6

CWS signed in March 2003:

New or expanding: 200 pg ITEQ/m3

Existing: 1350 pg ITEQ/m3 by 2002; 500 pg ITEQ/m3 by 2005; 200 pg ITEQ/m3 by 2010

Coastal Pulp Boilers Burning Salt-laden Wood5

CWS signed in June 2001:

New: 100 pg ITEQ/m3

Existing: 500 pg ITEQ/m3 by 2006

On-site Combustion of Residential Household Wastes30 (20-40 midpoint) (1)

Regional programs, such as the Great Lakes Bi-national Toxics Strategy

Jurisdictions will address as necessary

Open Burning of Municipal Waste19 (13-24 midpoint) (2)

General prohibition of open burning in most jurisdictions.

Additional measures by jurisdictions will be undertaken as necessary

Diesel Fuel Combustion9

CEPA 1999 regulation on sulphur in diesel fuel (new limits for sulphur in fuel effective June 1 2006)

No measures specific to dioxins/furans are planned.

Ag/Res Fuel Combustion7Source characterization needed to determine significance of emissions
Electric Power Generation5

CEPA 1999 Guideline for New Thermal Generating Facilities

No measures specific to dioxins/furans are planned.

Magnesium Production3.8 (3)Facility releasing majority of emissions ceased operations in 2003.
Base Metal Smelting3CEPA 1999 Environmental Code of Practice - planned for publication by March 2006
Residential Wood Combustion3

Pilot provincial change-out program and education programs.

Jurisdictions will address as necessary.

Beehive Burners3BC, AB, MB phase out programs
Cement Kilns2

CCME Guideline

Planned CEPA 1999 Environmental Code of Practice.

In-Service Utility Poles2Wood Preservation initiatives addressing alternatives and disposal
Wood Preservative Plants2Wood Preservation initiatives addressing dioxins/furans release reductions, established best management practices
CrematoriumsNo estimateSource characterization needed to determine significance of emissions
Copper Wire RecyclingNo estimateSource characterization needed to determine significance of emissions
Releases to Water
Pulp & Paper3.3

1992 CEPA regulations prohibiting the release of dioxins/furans in measurable quantities

Releases have decreased significantly from an estimated 450 grams ITEQ in 1988.

Releases to Soil
In-Service Utility Poles9Wood Preservation initiatives addressing alternatives and disposal
Wood Preservative Plants2Wood Preservation initiatives addressing dioxins/furans release reductions, established best management practices
In-Service Railway Ties0.3Wood Preservation initiatives addressing alternatives and disposal

Notes:
All release estimates are for 1999, obtained from the Inventory of Releases: PCDD/PCDF Updated Edition (February 2001), except where otherwise noted.
(1) Release estimate from Gartner Lee Limited report -February 2004
(2) Release estimate from Earth Tec report - March 2004
(3) Releases obtained from the National Pollutant Release Inventory (2002) for primary magnesium production.

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