Scientific research provides valuable insight into the causes, nature and impacts of environment and health risks. Among other things, scientific research helps: determine the extent of exposure to pollutants; monitor changes to the environment over time; guide risk assessments; develop preventive and control measures by identifying pollution prevention solutions; and provide specialized sampling and analytical techniques used in compliance promotion and enforcement.
Environment Canada and Health Canada conduct research in support of the implementation of CEPA 1999 across a broad range of issues:
The following Environment Canada science Institutes conduct research directly related to CEPA 1999.
- National Water Research Institute (NWRI) conducts research and development in aquatic science
- Science & Technology Laboratories coordinates the operations of the National Air Pollution Surveillance Network, develops tests to measure toxic substances, tests exhaust emissions from vehicles, and conducts research relating to spill control and other environmental matters.
- National Wildlife Research Centre studies the impact of toxic substances on wildlife
These institutes, along with other Environment Canada research services, track environmental data and explore ways to prevent and clean-up pollution. For example, Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC) studies the levels and movements of pollutants in the atmosphere.
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