Engagement in international environmental agreements

Many of Canada’s domestic environmental objectives need to be advanced through a multitude of international organizations and agreements that address cross-cutting issues, as well as with a variety of partners on a bilateral, regional or multilateral basis.

The Compendium of Canada’s Engagement in International Environmental Agreements is a compilation of summaries of international environmental agreements and commitments. It is part of Environment and Climate Change Canada’s sustained effort to monitor its international commitments, take stock of progress, and measure and report results. While not intended to be exhaustive, the Compendium provides a comprehensive picture of the scope of Canada’s international environmental activities, particularly those led by Environment and Climate Change Canada.

This seventh edition of the Compendium, updated for 2017, summarizes Canada’s current engagement in 94 international environmental agreements / instruments, including 23 cooperative bilateral agreements, 24 Canada-US agreements, 39 multilateral agreements, and eight significant multilateral voluntary instruments. The information is presented in individual agreement "fact sheets" in .html and .pdf formats.

Compendium of Canada’s engagement in international environmental agreements (2017)

  1. By type of agreement or instrument
  2. By environmental theme

1) By type of agreement or instrument

Bilateral agreements

Chemicals and wastes
Cooperative Arrangement between the National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS) of Australia and the Department of Environment of Canada and the Department of Health of Canada Related to Enhancing Technical Cooperation and Sharing Information on Industrial Chemicals
Memorandum of Understanding between the European Chemicals Agency and Environment and Climate Change Canada / Health Canada
Climate change
Canada-China Climate Change Working Group
Environmental cooperation
Agreement on Environmental Cooperation between Canada and the Republic of Honduras
Agreement on Environmental Cooperation between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Chile
Agreement on Environmental Cooperation between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Colombia
Agreement on the Environment between Canada and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Agreement on the Environment between Canada and the Republic of Panama
Agreement on the Environment between Canada and the Republic of Peru
Canada - Costa Rica Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (CCRAEC)
Canada-China Framework Statement for Cooperation on Environment into the 21st Century
Canada-France Enhanced Cooperation Agenda
Canada-Mexico Partnership Environment Working Group
Exchange of letters between Canada and the Commission of the European Communities
India-Canada Joint Statement on Environmental Cooperation
Memorandum of Understanding between the Department of the Environment of Canada and the Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China Concerning the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development
Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental Cooperation between the Department of Environment of Canada and the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China
Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the Republic of Korea: Environment Chapter
Meteorology
Memorandum of Understanding between China Meteorological Administration (CMA), People’s Republic of China and Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC), Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) on Cooperation in Science and Technology Related to Meteorology, Hydrology, Environmental Predictions and Climate Change
Memorandum of Understanding between the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and the Department of the Environment and Climate Change of Canada on Long-term Co-operation in the fields of Meteorological Satellites, and Satellite Meteorology, Climate Monitoring from Space and Space Weather
Memorandum of Understanding between Météo-France and Environment Canada’s Meteorological Service of Canada and Science & Technology Branch for Collaboration in Weather, Atmospheric, Hydrological and Oceanographic Domains through research, development and implementation of prediction assimilation systems for the Enhancement of national security and Economic Prosperity
Memorandum of Understanding between the United Kingdom’s Meteorological Office and the Department of the Environment of Canada for Collaboration on Weather, Atmospheric, Hydrologic and Oceanographic Research and Development and Implementation of Related Assimilation and Prediction Systems for the Enhancement of National Safety and Economic Prosperity
Memorandum of Understanding between Korean Meteorological Administration and Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Science & Technology Branch for Collaboration within PyeongChang 2018 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games to further their understanding of processes governing hazardous weather under cold conditions in complex terrain

Canada-United States agreements

Air
Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States on Air Quality (AQA)
Biodiversity or ecosystems
Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States on the Conservation of the Porcupine Caribou Herd
Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds in the United States and Canada
Environment and Climate Change Canada – US Environmental Protection Agency Joint Statement of Cooperation on the Georgia Basin and Puget Sound Ecosystem
Management of the North American Bird Banding Program
Management of the North American Breeding Bird Survey Program
Memorandum of Understanding between Environment and Climate Change Canada and the United States Department of the Interior for the Conservation and Management of Shared Polar Bear Populations
Chemicals and wastes
Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States concerning the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste
Canada-U.S. Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC) – Regulatory Partnership Statement (RPS) on Chemicals
Environmental cooperation
Canada-United States Joint Inland Pollution Contingency Plan
Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Geological Survey of the Department of the Interior of the Government of the United States of America and the Department of the Environment of the Government of Canada Concerning Cooperation in the Earth Sciences
Memorandum of Understanding between the Environmental Protection Agency of the United States of America and the Department of the Environment of Canada Concerning Cooperation in Research, Development and Demonstrations in Science and Technology Related to Environmental Protection
Freshwater
Agreement between Canada and the United States for Water Supply and Flood Control in the Souris River Basin
Agreement Between Canada and the United States of America to Regulate the Level of Lake of the Woods
Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
Treaty between Canada and the United States of America Concerning the Diversion of the Niagara River
Treaty between Canada and the United States of America Relating to Cooperative Development of the Water Resources of the Columbia River Basin (Columbia River Treaty)
Treaty between Canada and the United States of America relating to the Skagit River and Ross Lake, and the Seven Mile Reservoir on the Pend d’Oreille River
Treaty Relating to the Boundary Waters and Questions Arising Along the Border between the United States and Canada (The Boundary Waters Treaty)
Marine or oceans
Canada-United States Joint Marine Pollution Contingency Plan
Canada-US Bilateral Agreement on Shellfish Sanitation
Meteorology
Memorandum of Understanding between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Department of Commerce United States of America and the Department of the Environment Canada for Collaboration on Weather, Climate and Other Earth Systems for the Enhancement of Health, Safety and Economic Prosperity
North American Ice Service Collaborative Agreement – Annex One to the 2008 Memorandum of Understanding between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Department of Commerce United States of America and the Department of the Environment Canada For Collaboration on Weather, Climate and Other Earth Systems for the Enhancement of Health, Safety and Economic Prosperity
North American Ensemble Forecast System Collaborative Arrangement (NAEFS)

Multilateral agreements

Air
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer)
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
UNECE Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication, and Ground-level Ozone (Gothenburg Protocol) (Protocol to the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP))
Biodiversity or ecosystems
Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears
Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS)
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Nagoya Protocol)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)
Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Canada, the Government of Nunavut, and the Government of Greenland for the Conservation and Management of Polar Bear Populations
North American Bird Conservation Initiative (NABCI)
Letter of Intent related to efforts to promote Conservation of Bats in the United Mexican States, the United States of America, and Canada
Chemicals and wastes
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Minamata Convention on Mercury
Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Decisions related to Wastes
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Decisions related to the Chemicals Programme
UNECE Protocol on Heavy Metals (Protocol to the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP))
UNECE Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) (Protocol to the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP))
Climate change
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Arctic Council Framework for Action on Enhanced Black Carbon and Methane Emissions Reductions
Environmental cooperation
International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation (INBAR)
North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC)
UNECE Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention)
Marine or oceans
Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 (London Convention)
London Protocol on Prevention of Marine Pollution (Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter)
Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009 (the Hong Kong Convention)
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004 (BWM)
International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships (AFS)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as amended by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78)
Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (Environmental Protocol)
UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
Meteorology
Convention of the World Meteorological Organization

Select multilateral voluntary instruments

Biodiversity or ecosystems
Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)
Chemicals and wastes
Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management
Climate change
Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC)
Global Methane Initiative (GMI)
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI)
Environmental cooperation
Arctic Council

2) By environmental theme

Air

Canada-United States agreements
Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States on Air Quality (AQA)
Multilateral agreements
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Protocol to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer)
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer
UNECE Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication, and Ground-level Ozone (Gothenburg Protocol) (Protocol to the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP))

Biodiversity or ecosystems

Canada-United States agreements
Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States on the Conservation of the Porcupine Caribou Herd
Convention for the Protection of Migratory Birds in the United States and Canada
Environment and Climate Change Canada – US Environmental Protection Agency Joint Statement of Cooperation on the Georgia Basin and Puget Sound Ecosystem
Management of the North American Bird Banding Program
Management of the North American Breeding Bird Survey Program
Memorandum of Understanding between Environment and Climate Change Canada and the United States Department of the Interior for the Conservation and Management of Shared Polar Bear Populations
Multilateral agreements
Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears
Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Canada, the Government of Nunavut, and the Government of Greenland for the Conservation and Management of Polar Bear Populations
North American Bird Conservation Initiative (NABCI)
Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS)
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety
Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Nagoya Protocol)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)
Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar)
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Letter of Intent related to efforts to promote Conservation of Bats in the United Mexican States, the United States of America, and Canada
Select multilateral voluntary instruments
Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)
Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

Chemicals and wastes

Bilateral agreements
Cooperative Arrangement between the National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS) of Australia and the Department of Environment of Canada and the Department of Health of Canada Related to Enhancing Technical Cooperation and Sharing Information on Industrial Chemicals
Memorandum of Understanding between the European Chemicals Agency and Environment and Climate Change Canada / Health Canada
Canada-United States agreements
Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States concerning the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Waste
Canada-U.S. Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC) – Regulatory Partnership Statement (RPS) on Chemicals
Multilateral agreements
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Minamata Convention on Mercury
Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Decisions related to Wastes
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Decisions related to the Chemicals Programme
UNECE Protocol on Heavy Metals (Protocol to the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP))
UNECE Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) (Protocol to the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP))
Select multilateral voluntary instruments
Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management

Climate change

Bilateral agreements
Canada-China Climate Change Working Group
Multilateral agreements
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Arctic Council Framework for Action on Enhanced Black Carbon and Methane Emissions Reductions
Select multilateral voluntary instruments
Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC)
Global Methane Initiative (GMI)
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI)

Environmental cooperation

Bilateral agreements
Canada-France Enhanced Cooperation Agenda
Canada-Mexico Partnership Environment Working Group
Exchange of letters between Canada and the Commission of the European Communities
India-Canada Joint Statement on Environmental Cooperation
Memorandum of Understanding between the Department of the Environment of Canada and the Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China Concerning the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development
Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental Cooperation between the Department of Environment of Canada and the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China
Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the Republic of Korea: Environment Chapter
Agreement on Environmental Cooperation between Canada and the Republic of Honduras
Agreement on Environmental Cooperation between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Chile
Agreement on Environmental Cooperation between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Colombia
Agreement on the Environment between Canada and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Agreement on the Environment between Canada and the Republic of Panama
Agreement on the Environment between Canada and the Republic of Peru
Canada - Costa Rica Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (CCRAEC)
Canada-China Framework Statement for Cooperation on Environment into the 21st Century
Canada-United States agreements
Canada-United-States Joint Inland Pollution Contingency Plan
Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Geological Survey of the Department of the Interior of the Government of the United States of America and the Department of the Environment of the Government of Canada Concerning Cooperation in the Earth Sciences
Memorandum of Understanding between the Environmental Protection Agency of the United States of America and the Department of the Environment of Canada Concerning Cooperation in Research, Development and Demonstrations in Science and Technology Related to Environmental Protection
Multilateral agreements
International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation (INBAR)
North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC)
UNECE Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention)
Select multilateral voluntary instruments
Arctic Council

Freshwater

Canada-United States agreements
Agreement between Canada and the United States for Water Supply and Flood Control in the Souris River Basin
Agreement Between Canada and the United States of America to Regulate the Level of Lake of the Woods
Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
Treaty between Canada and the United States of America Concerning the Diversion of the Niagara River
Treaty between Canada and the United States of America Relating to Cooperative Development of the Water Resources of the Columbia River Basin (Columbia River Treaty)
Treaty between Canada and the United States of America relating to the Skagit River and Ross Lake, and the Seven Mile Reservoir on the Pend d’Oreille River
Treaty Relating to the Boundary Waters and Questions Arising Along the Border between the United States and Canada (The Boundary Waters Treaty)

Marine or oceans

Canada-United States agreements
Canada-United States Joint Marine Pollution Contingency Plan
Canada-US Bilateral Agreement on Shellfish Sanitation
Multilateral agreements
Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic
Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 (London Convention)
London Protocol on Prevention of Marine Pollution (Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter)
Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009 (the Hong Kong Convention)
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments, 2004 (BWM)
International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships (AFS)
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as amended by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78)
Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty (Environmental Protocol)
UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

Meteorology

Bilateral agreements
Memorandum of Understanding between China Meteorological Administration (CMA), People’s Republic of China and Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC), Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) on Cooperation in Science and Technology Related to Meteorology, Hydrology, Environmental Predictions and Climate Change
Memorandum of Understanding between the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and the Department of the Environment and Climate Change of Canada on Long-term Co-operation in the fields of Meteorological Satellites, and Satellite Meteorology, Climate Monitoring from Space and Space Weather
Memorandum of Understanding between Météo-France and Environment Canada’s Meteorological Service of Canada and Science & Technology Branch for Collaboration in Weather, Atmospheric, Hydrological and Oceanographic Domains through research, development and implementation of prediction assimilation systems for the Enhancement of national security and Economic Prosperity
Memorandum of Understanding between the United Kingdom’s Meteorological Office and the Department of the Environment of Canada for Collaboration on Weather, Atmospheric, Hydrologic and Oceanographic Research and Development and Implementation of Related Assimilation and Prediction Systems for the Enhancement of National Safety and Economic Prosperity
Memorandum of Understanding between Korean Meteorological Administration and Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Science & Technology Branch for Collaboration within PyeongChang 2018 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games to further their understanding of processes governing hazardous weather under cold conditions in complex terrain
Canada-United States agreements
Memorandum of Understanding between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Department of Commerce United States of America and the Department of the Environment Canada for Collaboration on Weather, Climate and Other Earth Systems for the Enhancement of Health, Safety and Economic Prosperity
North American Ice Service Collaborative Agreement – Annex One to the 2008 Memorandum of Understanding between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Department of Commerce United States of America and the Department of the Environment Canada For Collaboration on Weather, Climate and Other Earth Systems for the Enhancement of Health, Safety and Economic Prosperity
North American Ensemble Forecast System Collaborative Arrangement (NAEFS)
Multilateral agreements
Convention of the World Meteorological Organization
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