Terrestrial Protected Areas, by Province and Territory
Access PDF (794 KB)
The proportion of terrestrial area protected varies by province and territory, ranging from 3.1% to 15.3%. Differences in geography and historical land use influence the degree of protection. For example, Prince Edward Island is highly agricultural, while recreational use of mountainous British Columbian landscapes is more compatible with protection.
Total percentage of terrestrial area protected by province and territory, Canada, 2015
The column chart shows the percentage of terrestrial (land and freshwater) area protected in each province and territory in 2015, ranging from 3.1% to 15.3%. British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon and Ontario have the largest proportions of protected area. New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island have the lowest proportions of protected area.
Data for this chart
|Province or territory||Provincial or territorial area|
|Percentage of province or territory protected|
|British Columbia||944 735||144 813||15.3|
|Alberta||661 848||83 141||12.6|
|Yukon||482 443||57 358||11.9|
|Ontario||1 076 395||119 476||11.1|
|Manitoba||647 797||70 087||10.8|
|Nunavut||2 093 190||211 996||10.1|
|Quebec||1 512 418||147 775||9.8|
|Nova Scotia||55 284||5366||9.7|
|Northwest Territories||1 346 106||125 646||9.3|
|Saskatchewan||651 036||55 468||8.5|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||405 212||29 420||7.3|
|New Brunswick||72 908||3378||4.6|
|Prince Edward Island||5660||175||3.1|
Download data file (Excel/CSV; 1.10 KB)
Note: Areas include land and freshwater but not marine areas. Not all provinces and territories report on protected areas that are privately owned.
Source: Canadian Council on Ecological Areas (2016) Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS). Data are current as of December 31, 2015.
British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon and Ontario have the greatest proportion of territory under some level of protection (more than 11% for terrestrial areas).
Manitoba, Nunavut, Quebec, Nova Scotia, the Northwest Territories and Saskatchewan have 8% to 11% of their territories under protection.
Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have less than 8% of their territories under protection.
- Canada's Protected Areas
- Protected Areas, by Ecological Region
- Marine Protected Areas, by Jurisdiction
- Global Trends in Protected Areas
- Ecological Integrity of National Parks
Access PDF (794 KB)
- Date modified: