Protected Areas, by Province and Territory
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The proportion of terrestrial area protected varies by province and territory, ranging from 3.1% to 15.3%. Differences in geography and historical land use influence the degree of protection. For example, Prince Edward Island is highly agricultural, while recreational use of mountainous British Columbian landscapes is more compatible with protection.
Total percentage of terrestrial area protected by province and territory, Canada, 2014
The column chart shows the percentage of terrestrial (land and freshwater) area protected in each province and territory in 2014, ranging from 3.1% to 15.3%. British Columbia, Alberta and Yukon have the largest proportions of protected area. New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island have the lowest proportions of protected area.
Data for this chart
|Province or territory||Protected area|
|Provincial or territorial area|
|Percentage of province or territory protected|
|British Columbia||144 704||944 735||15.3|
|Alberta||83 218||661 848||12.6|
|Yukon Territory||57 274||482 443||11.9|
|Manitoba||69 868||647 797||10.8|
|Ontario||110 580||1 076 395||10.3|
|QuebecFootnote [A]||147 282||1 512 418||9.7|
|Northwest Territories||130 759||1 346 106||9.7|
|Nunavut||201 141||2 093 190||9.6|
|Nova Scotia||4998||55 284||9.0|
|Saskatchewan||54 219||651 036||8.3|
|New Brunswick||3376||72 908||4.6|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||18 501||405 212||4.6|
|Prince Edward Island||176||5660||3.1|
|Canada||1 026 682||9 984 670||10.3|
Download data file (Excel/CSV; 1.18 KB)
Note: Areas include land and freshwater but not marine areas. Not all provinces and territories report on protected areas that are privately owned.
Source: For Canada, except Quebec: Canadian Council on Ecological Areas (CCEA) (2015) Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS). For Quebec: Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques (2015) Registre des aires protégées au Québec. Data are current as of 31 December, 2014.
British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon, Manitoba and Ontario have the greatest proportion of territory under some level of protection (more than 10% for terrestrial areas).
Quebec, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Nova Scotia, and Saskatchewan have 8 to 10% of their territories under protection.
Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have less than 5% of their territories under protection.
- Canada's Protected Areas
- Protected Areas, by Ecological Region
- Marine Protected Areas
- Global Trends in Protected Areas
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