Terrestrial Protected Areas, by Province and Territory

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The proportion of terrestrial area protected varies by province and territory, ranging from 3.1% to 15.3%. Differences in geography and historical land use influence the degree of protection. For example, Prince Edward Island is highly agricultural, while recreational use of mountainous British Columbian landscapes is more compatible with protection.

Total percentage of terrestrial area protected by province and territory, Canada, 2015

Column chart

Long description

The column chart shows the percentage of terrestrial (land and freshwater) area protected in each province and territory in 2015, ranging from 3.1% to 15.3%. British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon and Ontario have the largest proportions of protected area. New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island have the lowest proportions of protected area.

Data for this chart
Total percentage of terrestrial area protected by province and territory, Canada, 2015
Province or territoryProvincial or territorial area
(km2)
Area protected
(km2)
Percentage of province or territory protected
British Columbia944 735144 81315.3
Alberta661 84883 14112.6
Yukon482 44357 35811.9
Ontario1 076 395119 47611.1
Manitoba647 79770 08710.8
Nunavut2 093 190211 99610.1
Quebec1 512 418147 7759.8
Nova Scotia55 28453669.7
Northwest Territories1 346 106125 6469.3
Saskatchewan651 03655 4688.5
Newfoundland and Labrador405 21229 4207.3
New Brunswick72 90833784.6
Prince Edward Island56601753.1

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How this indicator was calculated

Note: Areas include land and freshwater but not marine areas. Not all provinces and territories report on protected areas that are privately owned.
Source: Canadian Council on Ecological Areas (2016) Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS). Data are current as of December 31, 2015.

British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon and Ontario have the greatest proportion of territory under some level of protection (more than 11% for terrestrial areas).

Manitoba, Nunavut, Quebec, Nova Scotia, the Northwest Territories and Saskatchewan have 8% to 11% of their territories under protection.

Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have less than 8% of their territories under protection.

Related information

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