Protected Areas, by Province and Territory

The proportion of land and freshwater (terrestrial) area protected varies by province and territory, ranging from 2.8% to 14.4%. Differences in geography and historical land use influence the degree of protection. For example, Prince Edward Island is highly agricultural, while recreational use of mountainous British Columbian landscapes is more compatible with protection.

Total percentage of land and freshwater protected by province and territory, Canada, 2012

Total percentage of land and freshwater protected by province and territory, Canada, 2012

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How this indicator was calculated

Note: Areas include land and freshwater but not marine areas. Not all provinces and territories report on protected areas that are privately owned.
Source: For Canada except Quebec: Canadian Council on Ecological Areas (CCEA) (2013) Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS). For Quebec: Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement, de la Faune et des Parcs (2013) Base de données du Registre des aires protégées au Québec. Data are current as of 31 December, 2012.

British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon, Manitoba and Ontario have the greatest proportion of territory under some level of protection (more than 10% for land areas).

Nunavut, the Northwest Territories, Quebec, Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan have 8-10% of their territories under protection.

Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have less than 5% of their territory under protection.

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