Protected Areas, by Province and Territory

The proportion of terrestrial area protected varies by province and territory, ranging from 2.8 to 15.7%. Differences in geography and historical land use influence the degree of protection. For example, Prince Edward Island is highly agricultural, while recreational use of mountainous British Columbian landscapes is more compatible with protection.

Total percentage of terrestrial area protected by province and territory, Canada, 2013

Total percentage of land and freshwater protected by province and territory, Canada, 2013

Long Description

The bar graph shows the percentage of terrestrial (land and freshwater) area protected in each province and territory in 2013, ranging from 2.8% to 15.7%. British Columbia, Alberta and Yukon have the largest proportions of protected area. New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have the lowest proportions of protected area.

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How this indicator was calculated

Note: Areas include land and freshwater but not marine areas. Not all provinces and territories report on protected areas that are privately owned.
Source: For Canada except Quebec: Canadian Council on Ecological Areas (CCEA) (2014) Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS). For Quebec: Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement, de la Faune et des Parcs (2014) Registre des aires protégées au Québec. Data are current as of 31 December, 2013.

British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon, Manitoba and Ontario have the greatest proportion of territory under some level of protection (more than 10% for land areas).

Nunavut, Quebec, the Northwest Territories, Saskatchewan and Nova Scotia have 8 to 10% of their territories under protection.

Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island have less than 5% of their territories under protection.

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