Protected Areas Data

Trends in proportion of area protected, Canada, 1990 to 2013
YearLand and freshwater area protected
(km2)
Percentage of land and freshwater area protectedMarine area protected
(km2)
Percentage of marine area protected
1990521 2135.218 4910.32
1991521 7135.218 5110.32
1992524 5525.318 8720.33
1993534 7885.419 1160.33
1994538 2515.419 1230.33
1995577 9605.820 8910.36
1996596 9176.021 7490.38
1997608 6116.121 7650.38
1998636 3296.423 7540.41
1999647 9776.523 7550.41
2000659 7556.623 8780.42
2001718 2527.224 3850.42
2002726 8257.324 6080.43
2003785 6727.927 9480.49
2004795 4408.030 3470.53
2005823 8728.331 9540.56
2006830 4508.332 2490.56
2007855 7728.632 2790.56
2008906 8749.141 4380.72
2009960 3719.641 9720.73
2010967 9009.751 0140.89
2011984 2039.951 1020.89
2012999 94910.051 1020.89
20131 037 79810.451 8350.90

Note: The land area of Canada is 9 984 670 km2 and its marine territory is approximately 5.75 million km2. Protected areas with an unknown creation date are considered to predate 1990. In this analysis, no correction is made for overlaps between protected areas.

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Land and freshwater and marine areas protected by federal jurisdictions, Canada, 2013
JurisdictionLand and freshwater area protected
(km2)
Marine area protected
(km2)
Total
(km2)
Parks Canada314 22111 636325 857
Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service104 90119 589124 490
Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada53 847053 847
Fisheries and Oceans Canada010 40710 407
Agriculture and Agri-Food CanadaFootnote 1910309103
Parks Canada / MDDELCC, QuebecFootnote 2012461246
National Capital Commission4490449
Grand total482 52042 878525 398

Notes:

Footnote 1

These lands are to be returned to provincial management by 2015.

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Footnote 2

Parks Canada and the Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques (Quebec), share jurisdiction.

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Protected area by IUCN category, Canada, 2013
CategoryNameArea protected
(km2)
IAStrict Nature Reserve10 468
IBWilderness Area344 686
IINational Park567 632
IIINatural Monument or Feature71 845
IVHabitat/Species Management Area24 465
VProtected Landscape/Seascape951
VIProtected area with sustainable use of natural resources51 639
Unclassified 16 445

Note: Terrestrial (land and freshwater) and marine areas are included. IUCN category names reflect broad management goals, and are not aligned with national designations.
Category definitions are derived from the IUCN's standards based on management objectives. Categories I through IV are generally considered "strictly protected," but these are based on purpose of management and do not reflect effectiveness. Unclassified areas are recognized as protected but have not yet been assigned a numbered category. Overlaps between protected areas are accounted for in Quebec only.
Source for categories: Canadian Council on Ecological Areas (2008) Canadian Guidebook for the Application of IUCN Protected Areas Categories.

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Total terrestrial area protected by province and territory, Canada, 2013
Province or territoryProtected area
(km2)
Provincial or territorial area
(km2)
Percentage of province or territory protected
British Columbia148 719944 73515.7
Alberta82 559661 84812.5
Yukon Territory57 295482 44311.9
Manitoba71 417647 79711.0
Ontario110 1791 076 39510.2
Nunavut 208 9162 093 19010.0
Quebec146 9371 513 8799.7
Northwest Territories129 5141 346 1069.6
Saskatchewan55 555651 0368.5
Nova Scotia462855 2848.4
Newfoundland and Labrador18 535405 2124.6
New Brunswick223472 9083.1
Prince Edward Island15956602.8
Canada1 036 6459 984 67010.4

Note: Marine areas are excluded. Overlaps between protected areas are accounted for in Quebec only.

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Total area protected by ecological region, Canada, 2013
Map labelRegion nameRegion area
(x 1000 km2)
Area protected
(x 1000 km2)
Percentage of region protected
L01Arctic Cordillera239.161.125.6
L02Northern Arctic1438.098.16.8
L03Southern Arctic895.8148.616.6
L04Taiga Plains522.240.27.7
L05Taiga Shield1262.096.07.6
L06Boreal Shield1868.5172.09.2
L07Atlantic Maritime115.26.35.4
L08Mixedwood Plains120.42.21.8
L09Boreal Plains750.658.27.7
L10Prairies459.629.06.3
L11Montane Cordillera426.379.218.6
L12Pacific Maritime207.352.125.1
L13Boreal Cordillera526.8101.519.3
L14Taiga Cordillera217.519.28.8
L15Hudson Plains339.244.013.0
L16Tundra Cordillera27.410.337.7
L17Atlantic Highlands94.53.84.0
L18Semi-Arid Plateaux55.95.19.1
W01Strait of Georgia9.90.44.5
W02Southern Shelf28.00.72.6
W03Offshore Pacific312.76.22.0
W04Nothern Shelf103.07.47.2
W05Arctic Basin788.30.2<0.5
W06Western Arctic522.29.41.8
W07Arctic Archipelago260.62.40.9
W08Eastern Arctic744.38.71.2
W09Hudson Bay Complex1183.49.10.8
W10Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves1045.50.4<0.5
W11Scotian Shelf436.02.40.6
W12Gulf of Saint Lawrence247.34.31.7
W13Great Lakes90.811.012.2

Note: Ecological regions are frameworks delineating broad areas with distinctive biophysical characteristics and similar sets of species. For map labels, ecological regions are numbered and coded with an "L" for terrestrial regions and "W" for aquatic regions.

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