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Data Sources and Methods for the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Large Facilities Indicator

2. Description and rationale of the Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Large Facilities indicator

2.1 Description

In March 2004, the Government of Canada announced the introduction of the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reporting Program (GHGRP) for facilities. Unlike Canada's National Inventory Report (NIR), which compiles greenhouse gas (GHG) data at a national level and is developed from national and provincial statistics, the GHGRP applies only to the largest GHG emitters in Canada (industrial and other types of facilities). Through the GHGRP, all facilities that emit the equivalent of 50 000 tonnes (50 kilotonnes) or more of GHGs (in carbon dioxide equivalent units) per year are required to submit a report to Environment and Climate Change Canada. Mandatory reporting of GHG emissions by these facilities was established by the Minister of the Environment under the authority of sections 46 to 53 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999).

Greenhouse gas emissions data reported through the GHGRP are used, where appropriate, to confirm the reasonableness of estimates in the NIR. The extent to which the facility reported GHG emissions data can be used for this purpose is dependent upon the level of detail and type of data available.

2.2 Rationale

The GHGRP ensures the mandatory reporting of GHG emissions by some of Canada's largest industrial emitters. Mandatory reporting of facility emissions provides a more precise picture of the sources and amounts of Canada's GHG emissions, thus contributing to the development, implementation and evaluation of climate change and energy policies and strategies in Canada.

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