International Comparison of Air Pollutant Emissions

Canada’s air pollutant emissions are compared with nine selected industrialized countries (Australia, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russian Federation, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States) for the years 2001 and 2011. The air pollutant total emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product (GDP) are provided for sulphur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOC), and ammonia (NH3).

Overall, most of the countries selected for comparison have reduced their total emissions between 2001 and 2011, with some exceptions. The Russian Federation experienced a 0.5% increase in nitrogen oxide emissions and a 28% increase in ammonia emissions. Canada experienced a 6.3% increase in ammonia emissions, but decreased its SOx, NOx, and VOC emissions by 46%, 23%, and 19% respectively.

Sulphur oxides

Although Canada’s SOx emissions declined by 46% in 2011 from 2001 levels, Canada ranked fourth in SOx emission totals in 2011 and had the second largest ratio of emissions to GDPFootnote [1] among the 10 selected countries.

Sulphur oxide emissions by country, 2001 and 2011

Sulphur oxide emissions by country, 2001 and 2011

Long Description

The chart compares Canada’s 2001 and 2011 sulphur oxide emissions with nine selected industrialized countries: United States, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Russian Federation, Japan, Australia and Sweden. Country emissions in kilotonnes and emissions in tonnes per million American dollars of gross domestic product for 2001 and 2011 are shown. In 2011, Canada ranked fourth in sulphur oxide emissions behind the United States, Australia and the Russian Federation and had the second largest ratio of emissions to gross domestic product. Canada’s emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product have decreased since 1990.

View data for this chart
How this indicator was calculated

Note: Definitions of pollution sources and estimation methods may differ from country to country. Comparisons should be made with caution. GDP values are in millions constant US$, constant purchasing power parity (PPP), reference year 2005. For the Russian Federation, 2000 and 2010 emissions values were respectively used for the years 2001 and 2011.
Source: European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (2013) Centre on Emission Inventories and Projections 2013 submissions; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (2013) National Inventory Submissions 2013; GDP Statistics: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2013) StatExtracts.

Nitrogen oxides

Canada ranked fourth in NOx emissions among the 10 selected countries in 2011. When considering the ratio of emissions to GDP,Footnote [1] Canada ranked second for NOx amongst the selected countries, behind Australia.

Nitrogen oxide emissions by country, 2001 and 2011

Nitrogen oxide emissions by country, 2001 and 2011

Long Description

The chart compares Canada’s 2001 and 2011 nitrogen oxide emissions with nine selected industrialized countries: United States, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Russian Federation, Japan, Australia and Sweden. Country emissions in kilotonnes and emissions in tonnes per million American dollars of gross domestic product for 2001 and 2011 are shown. In 2011, Canada ranked fourth in nitrogen oxide emissions behind the United States, the Russian Federation and Australia and had the second largest ratio of emissions to gross domestic product. Canada’s emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product have decreased since 1990.

View data for this chart
How this indicator was calculated

Note: Definitions of pollution sources and estimation methods may differ from country to country. Comparisons should be made with caution. GDP values are in millions constant US$, constant purchasing power parity (PPP), reference year 2005. For the Russian Federation, 2000 and 2010 emissions values were respectively used for the years 2001 and 2011.
Source: European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (2013) Centre on Emission Inventories and Projections 2013 submissions; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (2013) National Inventory Submissions 2013; GDP Statistics: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2013) StatExtracts.

Volatile organic compounds

Canada ranked fourth for total VOC emissions among the 10 selected countries. When considering the ratio of emissions to GDP,Footnote [1] Canada ranked second amongst the selected countries behind Australia.

Volatile organic compound emissions by country, 2001 and 2011

Volatile organic compound emissions by country, 2001 and 2011

Long Description

The chart compares Canada’s 2001 and 2011 volatile organic compound emissions with nine selected industrialized countries: United States, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Russian Federation, Japan, Australia and Sweden. Country emissions in kilotonnes and emissions in tonnes per million American dollars of gross domestic product for 2001 and 2011 are shown. In 2011, Canada ranked fourth in volatile organic compound emissions behind the United States, Australia and the Russian Federation and had the second largest ratio of emissions to gross domestic product. Canada’s emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product have decreased since 1990.

View data for this chart
How this indicator was calculated

Note: Definitions of pollution sources and estimation methods may differ from country to country. Comparisons should be made with caution. GDP values are in millions constant US$, constant purchasing power parity (PPP), reference year 2005. For the Russian Federation, 2000 and 2010 emissions values were respectively used for the years 2001 and 2011.
Source: European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (2013) Centre on Emission Inventories and Projections 2013 submissions; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (2013) National Inventory Submissions 2013; GDP Statistics: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2013) StatExtracts.

Ammonia

For ammonia, Japan and Australia were not included in the comparison due to the unavailability of comparable data. Canada ranked fifth in total NH3 emissions among the eight selected countries but had the largest ratio of emissions to GDP.Footnote [1]

Ammonia emissions by country, 2001 and 2011

Ammonia emissions by country, 2001 and 2011

Long Description

The chart compares Canada’s 2001 and 2011 ammonia emissions with seven selected industrialized countries: United States, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Russian Federation and Sweden. Country emissions in kilotonnes and emissions in tonnes per million American dollars of gross domestic product for 2001 and 2011 are shown. In 2011, Canada ranked fifth in ammonia emissions behind the United States, the Russian Federation, France and Germany and had the largest ratio of emissions to gross domestic product. Canada’s emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product have decreased since 1990.

View data for this chart
How this indicator was calculated

Note: Definitions of pollution sources and estimation methods may differ from country to country. Comparisons should be made with caution. GDP values are in millions constant US$, constant purchasing power parity (PPP), reference year 2005. For the Russian Federation, 2000 and 2010 emissions values were respectively used for the years 2001 and 2011. Japan and Australia were not included for ammonia.
Source: European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (2013) Centre on Emission Inventories and Projections 2013 submissions; United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (2013) National Inventory Submissions 2013; GDP Statistics: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2013) StatExtracts.

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Footnotes

Footnote 1

GDP values are expressed in millions constant US$ at constant purchasing power parity (PPP). The use of PPP facilitates international comparison of GDP by creating an equivalent purchasing power basis for each country compared.

Return to footnote 1 referrer