International Comparison of Air Pollutant Emissions

Canada's air pollutant emissions are compared with those of member countriesFootnote [1] of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) for the years 2002 and 2012, with a focus on the top 10 emitting countries for each air pollutant examined. The air pollutant emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product (GDP) are provided for sulphur oxides (SOx), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOC), carbon monoxide (CO) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5).Footnote [2]

Sulphur oxides

Although Canada's SOx emissions declined by 44% in 2012 from 2002 levels, Canada ranked fourth in SOx emissions among OECD member countries in 2012 behind the United States, Turkey and Australia and had the fifth largest ratio of emissions to GDPFootnote [3] among the top 10 emitting OECD countries.

Sulphur oxide emissions by selected country,Footnote [4] 2002 and 2012

graphs

Long description

The two charts compare Canada's 2002 and 2012 sulphur oxide emissions in kilotonnes, and emissions intensity in tonnes per million U.S. dollars of gross domestic product with those of nine other top emitting members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. For sulphur oxide emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product, the other nine countries are: United States, Turkey, Australia, Japan, Poland, Germany, United Kingdom, Spain and Greece.

Data for this chart
Sulphur oxide emissions by selected country, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 SOX emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 SOX emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 SOX emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 SOX emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
United States13 56446951.10.3
Turkey196527393.12.7
Australia278423344.32.7
Canada228912882.11.0
Japan11819370.30.2
Poland13318532.81.2
Germany5514270.20.1
United Kingdom10154260.50.2
Spain15724081.40.3
Greece5152452.11.0
Sulphur oxide emissions of other OECD member countries, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 SOX emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 SOX emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 SOX emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 SOX emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
France5222320.30.1
Italy6201780.40.1
Czech Republic2371581.20.6
Iceland41844.57.1
New Zealand78780.80.7
Portugal249591.10.3
Slovak Republic103591.40.5
Finland89520.60.3
Belgium157480.50.1
Estonia87414.91.6
Netherlands67340.10.1
Hungary277321.80.2
Sweden41280.10.1
Ireland101230.70.1
Austria31170.10.1
Norway23170.10.1
Denmark27120.20.1
Switzerland16110.10.0
Slovenia63101.50.2
Luxembourg320.10.1
Chile909n/a5.2n/a
Korea474n/a0.5n/a

Download data file (Excel/CSV; 1.41 KB)

How this indicator was calculated

Note: Definitions of pollution sources and estimation methods may differ from country to country. Comparisons should be made with caution. GDP values are in millions of constant US$, constant purchasing power parity (PPP), for the base year of 2005. Israel and Mexico did not have data for the two comparing years.
Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2015) OECD StatExtracts.

Nitrogen oxides

In 2012, Canada's NOX emissions were 26% lower than 2002 emissions. Canada ranked second in 2012 for NOx emissions among the OECD member countries behind the United States. In terms of the ratio of emissions to GDP,Footnote [3] Canada also ranked second for NOx among the top 10 emitting OECD countries, behind Australia.

Nitrogen oxide emissions by selected country,Footnote [4] 2002 and 2012

graphs

Long description

The two charts compare Canada's 2002 and 2012 nitrogen oxide emissions in kilotonnes and emissions intensity in tonnes per million U.S. dollars of gross domestic product with those of nine other top emitting members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. For nitrogen oxide emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product, the other nine countries are: United States, Australia, Japan, Germany, Turkey, United Kingdom, France, Spain and Italy.

Data for this chart
Nitrogen oxide emissions by selected country, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 NOX emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 NOX emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 NOX emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 NOX emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
United States21 63212 2581.80.9
Canada252918622.41.4
Australia158617072.42.0
Japan215116270.60.4
Germany176112690.70.4
Turkey79510881.31.1
United Kingdom168710570.90.5
France15099820.80.5
Spain14129281.30.7
Italy13528490.80.5
Nitrogen oxide emissions of other OECD member countries, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 NOX emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 NOX emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 NOX emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 NOX emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
Poland8068171.71.2
Greece3832591.61.1
Netherlands3512270.60.3
Czech Republic3182111.60.8
Belgium2911900.90.5
Austria2211780.80.6
Portugal2801701.20.7
Norway1991661.00.7
New Zealand1511581.61.3
Finland2081461.30.8
Sweden1911320.70.4
Hungary2111221.40.7
Denmark2011151.20.6
Slovak Republic100811.30.7
Ireland129740.90.4
Switzerland99690.40.2
Luxembourg45451.61.3
Slovenia52451.20.9
Estonia41322.31.3
Iceland27213.01.7
Chile264n/a1.5n/a
Korea1242n/a1.2n/a

Download data file (Excel/CSV; 1.44 KB)

How this indicator was calculated

Note: Definitions of pollution sources and estimation methods may differ from country to country. Comparisons should be made with caution. GDP values are in millions of constant US$, constant purchasing power parity (PPP), for the base year of 2005. Israel and Mexico did not have data for the two comparing years.
Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2015) OECD StatExtracts.

Carbon monoxide

In 2012, Canada's CO emissions were 23% lower than 2002 emissions. Canada ranked second for CO emissions among the OECD member countries behind the United States. In terms of the ratio of emissions to GDP,Footnote [3] Canada ranked first for CO among the top 10 emitting OECD countries.

Carbon monoxide emissions by selected country,Footnote [4] 2002 and 2012

graphs

Long description

The two charts compare Canada's 2002 and 2012 carbon monoxide emissions in kilotonnes and emissions intensity in tonnes per million U.S. dollars of gross domestic product with those of nine other top emitting members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. For carbon monoxide emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product, the other nine countries are: United States, Turkey, Germany, France, Australia, Poland, Japan, Italy and the United Kingdom.

Data for this chart
Carbon monoxide emissions by selected country, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 CO emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 CO emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 CO emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 CO emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
United States79 81754 5256.73.9
Canada10 749825410.06.4
Turkey180333102.93.3
Germany434032901.71.1
France592331963.21.6
Australia475829177.33.3
Poland256228185.54.0
Japan343824910.90.6
Italy400421102.41.3
United Kingdom469719732.50.9
Carbon monoxide emissions of other OECD member countries, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 CO emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 CO emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 CO emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 CO emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
Spain238519232.21.5
New Zealand6966957.45.9
Austria8836073.31.9
Netherlands7285531.30.8
Sweden7345462.61.6
Greece8554503.51.9
Finland5764383.72.5
Belgium8413902.61.0
Hungary6683754.42.2
Denmark4613592.61.9
Czech Republic5463422.81.3
Portugal5823152.51.4
Norway4933012.41.3
Slovak Republic2902213.81.9
Switzerland3602181.30.7
Estonia18216210.16.5
Slovenia2001584.73.1
Ireland2201181.50.7
Luxembourg77432.71.2
Iceland21182.31.5
Chile1599n/a9.1n/a
Korea823n/a0.8n/a

Download data file (Excel/CSV; 1.46 KB)

How this indicator was calculated

Note: Definitions of pollution sources and estimation methods may differ from country to country. Comparisons should be made with caution. GDP values are in millions of constant US$, constant purchasing power parity (PPP), for the base year of 2005. Israel and Mexico did not have data for the two comparing years.
Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2015) OECD StatExtracts.

Volatile organic compounds

In 2012, Canada's VOC emissions were 14% lower than 2002 emissions. Canada ranked second for total VOC emissions in 2012 among the OECD member countries behind the United States. However, in terms of the ratio of emissions to GDP,Footnote [3] Canada ranked first for VOC among these countries.

Volatile organic compound emissions by selected country,Footnote [4] 2002 and 2012

graphs

Long description

The two charts compare Canada's 2002 and 2012 volatile organic compounds emissions in kilotonnes, and emissions intensity in tonnes per million U.S. dollars of gross domestic product with those of nine other top emitting members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. For volatile organic compounds emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product, the other nine countries are: United States, Japan, Australia, Turkey, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, France and Poland.

Data for this chart
Volatile organic compound emissions by selected country, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 VOC emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 VOC emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 VOC emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 VOC emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
United States15 49113 2781.30.9
Canada236820272.21.6
Japan174515380.50.4
Australia116810851.81.2
Turkey94010791.51.1
Germany12089520.50.3
Italy13798540.80.5
United Kingdom14428310.80.4
France15317110.80.3
Poland5676301.20.9
Volatile organic compound emissions of other OECD member countries, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 VOC emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 VOC emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 VOC emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 VOC emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
Spain8985980.80.5
Sweden2051860.70.5
Portugal2511751.10.8
New Zealand1631701.71.4
Greece2581521.00.6
Netherlands1961450.30.2
Norway3471371.70.6
Austria1771360.70.4
Czech Republic2041291.00.5
Finland1591041.00.6
Belgium1631040.50.3
Hungary1541041.00.6
Switzerland124850.50.3
Denmark127790.70.4
Slovak Republic69610.90.5
Ireland63430.40.3
Slovenia53391.20.8
Estonia44342.51.3
Luxembourg1490.50.2
Iceland650.70.4
Chile573n/a3.3n/a
Korea714n/a0.7n/a

Download data file (Excel/CSV; 1.48 KB)

How this indicator was calculated

Note: Definitions of pollution sources and estimation methods may differ from country to country. Comparisons should be made with caution. GDP values are in millions of constant US$, constant purchasing power parity (PPP), for the base year of 2005. Israel and Mexico did not have data for the two comparing years.
Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2015) OECD StatExtracts.

Fine particulate matter

In 2012, Canada's PM2.5 emissions were 29% higher than 2002 emissions. Canada ranked second for total PM2.5 emissions among the OECD member countries behind the United States. However, in terms of the ratio of emissions to GDP,Footnote [3] Canada ranked first for PM2.5 among these countries. It is important to note that the United States and Canada are including sources like dust from roads, agriculture and construction. These sources are not always reported by the other OECD countries.

Fine particulate matter emissions by selected country,Footnote [4] 2002 and 2012

graphs

Long description

The two charts compare Canada's 2002 and 2012 fine particulate matter emissions in kilotonnes, and emissions intensity in tonnes per million U.S. dollars of gross domestic product with those of nine other top emitting members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. For fine particulate matter emissions and ratio of emissions to gross domestic product, the other nine countries are: United States, France, Poland, Italy, Germany, United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal and Finland.

Data for this chart
Fine particulate matter emissions by selected country, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 PM2.5 emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 PM2.5 emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 PM2.5 emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 PM2.5 emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
United States424045500.40.3
Canada105713681.01.1
France2771810.20.1
Poland1341370.30.2
Italy1551260.10.1
Germany1381120.10.0
United Kingdom99770.10.0
Spain97720.10.1
Portugal72550.30.2
Finland46370.30.2
Fine particulate matter emissions of other OECD member countries, 2002 and 2012
Country2002 PM2.5 emissions
(kilotonnes)
2012 PM2.5 emissions
(kilotonnes)
2002 PM2.5 emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
2012 PM2.5 emissions intensity
(tonnes per million US$ GDP)
Norway44370.20.2
Belgium36320.10.1
Hungary40300.30.2
Slovak Republic29290.40.2
Sweden28270.10.1
Denmark23230.10.1
Czech Republicn/a20n/a0.1
Austria22180.10.1
Slovenia15170.30.3
Estonia23171.30.7
Netherlands22120.00.0
Switzerland1190.00.0
Ireland1180.10.0
Luxembourg330.10.1
Iceland100.10.0

Download data file (Excel/CSV; 1.84 KB)

How this indicator was calculated

Note: Definitions of pollution sources and estimation methods may differ from country to country. Comparisons should be made with caution. GDP values are in millions of constant US$, constant purchasing power parity (PPP), for the base year of 2005. The United States and Canada are including sources like dust from roads, agriculture and construction. These sources are not always reported by the other OECD countries. Australia, Chile, Greece, Israel, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand and Turkey did not have data for the two comparing years.
Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2015) OECD StatExtracts.

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Footnotes

Footnote 1

For the list of countries that had available emissions data please consult the Data Source and Method or the data tables below each figure.

Return to footnote [1] referrer

Footnote 2

Emissions reported for Canada in the OECD data set used for the international comparison of air pollutant emissions indicators are slightly different than the emissions reported in the CESI National Indicators. They do not include emissions from international aviation and international maritime transports.

Return to footnote [2] referrer

Footnote 3

Gross domestic product values are expressed in millions of constant U.S. dollars (US$) at constant purchasing power parity (PPP) for the base year of 2005. The use of PPP facilitates international comparison of GDP by creating an equivalent purchasing power basis for each country compared.

Return to footnote [3] referrer

Footnote 4

The countries selected are the top 10 among OECD member countries in terms of total emissions in 2012.

Return to footnote [4] referrer