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Permit for Fish Waste

Milestone 1: Applicant’s Decision to Apply for a Disposal at Sea Permit

Step 1: Detailed Description and Characterization of Waste or Other Matter

  • Applicant submits information to demonstrate waste is uncontaminated.
  • Environment Canada (EC) reviews applicant submission and determines if detailed assessment is required.
  • EC, other regulators and Applicant identify potential agents of concern and potential effects in the water body.
  • Applicant submits Sampling Plan to EC.
  • EC reviews Sampling Plan and advises on adequacy.
  • Applicant conducts sampling according to EC accepted Sampling Plan.
  • Applicant sends samples to laboratory for analysis.
  • Applicant submits complete record of test results, Quality Assurance/Quality Control information, and sampling plan to EC in approved format, and maintains complete copies. Applicant provides results and interprets data.
  • EC reviews data to determine if material is suitable for disposal at sea.

Action that initiates step

Applicant needs to get rid of material that meets the definition of “Waste or other matter” and therefore may be considered for disposal under a Disposal at Sea permit.

EC roles and responsibilities

EC provides advice on: potential agents of concern, and testing requirements.

Other parties’ roles & responsibilities

  • With advice from EC Applicant must identify potential agents of concern
  • With advice from EC Applicant must interpret results to determine whether material is suitable for Disposal at Sea.
  • Applicant must submit full documentation of any sampling conducted, test results and interpretation, and must also keep complete copies.

Forms to be completed

Data must be submitted using EC spreadsheet which will be provided by the nearest regional Disposal at Sea office

Decision-making criteria

Do the test results indicate presence of agent(s) of concern?

Component Activities

The Applicant should:

  • Consult with EC and identify potential agents of concern as well as seek approval of appropriate Sampling Plan if deemed necessary;
  • Conduct sampling;
  • Send the samples to an accredited lab for analysis;
  • Interpret the analyses;
  • Maintain complete records of the Quality Assurance/Quality Control plan, sampling plan, sampling conducted, and test results, and submit these in required EC format with the disposal at sea application in Step 10.

End-point, final product of step

Test results indicate material is, is not, suitable for disposal at sea.

Step 2: Assessment of Waste Management Options (or: Waste Prevention Audit and Comparative Assessment of Management Options)

  1. Applicant evaluates options to minimize waste generated.
  2. Applicant demonstrates that disposal at sea is the preferable and practical option.

Action that initiates step

Applicant’s consideration of disposal at sea as a waste management option.

EC roles and responsibilities

Provide advice where appropriate.

Other parties’ roles & responsibilities

The Applicant must assess options to prevent the creation of the waste and minimize the amount of waste generated for disposal as well as examine alternative means of management as detailed in Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999) Sch. 6 s. 1-8, and 11. This assessment should include contacting all regulators relevant to each management option to ensure a clear understanding of the implications of applicable regulations.

Forms to be completed

Not applicable.

Documentation involved in step

Applicant documents the efforts made to minimize waste generation and assess available management options.

Decision-making criteria

  1. risks to human health;
  2. environmental costs;
  3. hazards (including accidents);
  4. economics; and
  5. exclusion of future uses.

Component Activities

The Applicant must:

  1. Evaluate options to minimize waste generated; and,
  2. Demonstrate that disposal at sea is the environmentally preferable and practical option.

End-point, final product of step

After conducting the required assessments, the Applicant determines if Disposal at Sea is the preferred management option for the waste under consideration. If the Applicant decides to proceed, there is still an obligation to make further attempts to reduce the need for and quantity of material for disposal.

Step 3: Applicant Collects Information Required to Select Disposal Site

  1. Consult with EC on information gathering plan.
  2. Gather information.

Action that initiates step

Applicant decides to pursue a disposal at sea permit.

EC roles and responsibilities

Provide advice where appropriate. Canadian Wildlife Service and Disposal at Sea may be involved

Other parties’ roles & responsibilities

Applicant may reuse previously approved site. For a new site, applicant must develop a plan, in consultation with EC, to gather the required disposal site selection information, either from the field or from existing sources, and must then execute the plan. Where appropriate, the Applicant should also consult with affected Aboriginal communities.

Forms to be completed

Not applicable.

Documentation involved in step

Applicant documents and provides copies of information required to select a disposal site for submission with application form in the required EC data format. 

Decision-making criteria

  • Previous use of site
  • Results of monitoring at site
  • Other user’s of the sea
  • Dispersive nature of site.

Component Activities

The Applicant must:

  • Consult with EC to determine the information required to select a disposal site, and formulate a plan to gather this information.
  • Gather information required and document it for submission with Application form.

End-point, final product of step

Suitable disposal site is identified.

Step 4: Impact Hypothesis is Prepared

Action that initiates step

Applicant requires a disposal at sea permit.

EC roles and responsibilities

Provides advice and prepares hypothesis. Environmental Assessment and Disposal at Sea involved.

Other parties’ roles & responsibilities

Information from reviewing agencies may be used to formulate an impact hypothesis.

Forms to be completed

Not applicable.

Documentation involved in step

Not applicable.

Decision-making criteria

Integration of available information.

Component Activities

Available information is used to formulate an impact hypothesis that describes possible effects of disposal.

End-point, final product of step

Potential impacts of disposal are identified.