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Bertha made landfall over New Brunswick as a tropical storm with winds of 102 km/h on July 14. Bertha also made landfall over Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland as a tropical storm with winds of 93 km/h on July 14.
Rainfall image map of Hurricane Bertha, which made landfall over New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland as a tropical storm on July 14, 1996. Maximum provincial rainfalls: 175 millimetres in Quebec (Iles de la Madeleine), 118 millimetres in New Brunswick, 104.5 millimetres in Prince Edward Island, 122 millimetres in Nova Scotia and 101 millimetres in Newfoundland
Hurricane Bertha originated on July 5, 1996 from a tropical wave off Africa. Bertha became a category three hurricane characterized by winds of 185 km/h. The hurricane continued along the northeast coast of North America and became an extratropical hurricane. Upon entering the CHC Response Zone on July 13th Bertha was a tropical storm with winds of 111 km/h. The storm was at 102 km/h when it entered New Brunswick near dawn on the 14. The Maritimes received heavy rain and high winds causing some flooding and numerous power outages. On July 17, Hurricane Bertha exited the CHC Response Zone and dissipated. The CHC issued 13 Hurricane Information Statements.
Post Tropical Storm Bertha started tracking in the Canadian Hurricane Centre response zone right along the eastern seaboard with 34 knot winds south of storm centre. It tracked northeast along the New Brunswick coast through the Bay of Fundy and made landfall around Saint John. The storm continued out into the Northumillibarerland Strait and made landfall west Charlottetown, PEI and out over the Gulf of St. Lawrence with a turn to the east-northeast which skimmed Cape Breton and made landfall again over southern Newfoundland and out over St. John’s. There continued to be winds of 34 knots observed to the right of the track. As it tracked through Atlantic Canada the storm reached a maximum wind speed of 50 knots, with an mslp of 994 millibar
Some CHC meteorological data:
- The maximum wind speed recorded was 87 km/h at Sagona Island, Newfoundland.
- Highest rainfalls were near, or to the left of the track. Miramichi Airport (CFB Chatham, New Brunswick) reported an all-time 24 hour record rainfall of 93 mm. An unofficial report of 94 mm was received from a weather watcher in Fredericton, New Brunswick. Elsewhere, significant rainfall amounts were within the 40 to 75 mm range.
July 15, 1996
- Winds of 70 to 80 km/h hit the mainland (HH)
- The storm averaged 30 to 40 mm of rain (HH)
- There were major power outages in Antigonish, Bedford, Halifax, Wolfville, Truro, and Amherst. Other outages were also reported due to falling branches and telephone poles catching on fire (HH)
- Power outages began at Yarmouth early in the morning and followed throughout the province (HH)
- Electrical wires were down on the following Halifax streets: Oxford Street, Swaine Street, Chebucto Road, and Wallace Heights in Dartmouth (HH)
July 15, 1996
- 55 mm of rain fell at St. Stephen (G)
- The southern part of the province received 70–90 mm of rain, resulting in minor flooding (HH)
- Bertha was downgraded to a post tropical storm just as it entered New Brunswick (HH)
July 15, 1996
- Winds were measured at 67 km/h (G)
- 38 mm of rain fell on the province (G)
- Fallen trees and intermittent power outages were felt throughout the province (G)
- Power outages were reported by approximately 100 Wood Islands homes (G)
July 16, 1996
- Cancellation of the raising of the Irving Whale Oil Barge in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The crew involved in the raising stayed ashore for two more days while ships used in the operation stayed in shelter at Egmont Bay (G)
July 17, 1996
- Corner Brook triathlon race officials cancelled the bike portion of the race due to wet conditions and high winds (ET)
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