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Great Lakes Action Plan

The Great Lakes Action Plan represents the federal commitment for ensuring the sustainability of the Great Lakes Basin ecosystem and also provides the funding to carry out these actions in order to implement the Canadian Federal Great Lakes Program and Canada's commitments under the Canada-US Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA).

The Great Lakes Action Plan has been renewed three times since 1989, with the current Action Plan set to expire in March 2012.

The Current Plan

2010-2012 Great Lakes Action Plan for Areas of Concern - Phase V (2010 to 2012)

The Government of Canada's Budget 2010 announced $16 million over two years to continue to implement the Government's action plan to protect the Great Lakes by cleaning up areas identified as being the most degraded.

For more information

Previous Plans

2005-2010 Great Lakes Action Plan for Areas of Concern - Phase IV (2005 to 2010)

The Government of Canada's Budget 2005 announced $40 million ($8 million per year over five years) towards its commitment to restore, protect and conserve the Great Lakes. The Great Lakes Basin 2020 initiative was renewed as the 2005-2010 Great Lakes Action Plan for Areas of Concern.

The focus of this fourth phase of the Great Lakes Action Plan is to continue the work towards the environmental restoration of key aquatic areas of concern identified under the GLWQA.

Great Lakes Action Plan - Phase III (2000 to 2005) (also known as Great Lakes Basin 2020)

The Government of Canada's Budget 2000 announced federal funding of $40 million over five years to restore environmental quality in Areas of Concern identified in the Canada-US GLWQA. Great Lakes 2000 was renewed as the Great Lakes Basin 2020 initiative. The remediation of the environmental quality of selected Areas of Concern was a broader priority within Great Lakes Basin 2020, which contributed to three objectives:

  • A healthy environment;
  • Healthy citizens; and
  • Sustainable communities.

Great Lakes Action Plan - Phase II (1994 to 2000) (also known as Great Lakes 2000)

In 1994, the Program was renewed as Great Lakes 2000 to further the progress achieved in the first phase of the Great Lakes Action Plan and to continue delivering on commitments in the GLWQA. This second phase totalled $125 million over its six-year duration targeting:

  • Restoration of degraded ecosystems;
  • Prevention and control of pollutant impacts;
  • Conservation of human and ecosystem health; and
  • Integrated ecosystem management.

Great Lakes Action Plan - Phase I (1989 to 1994)

The Great Lakes Action Plan was developed to coordinate the federal government's work on the 1987 GLWQA Protocol. For the five years of phase I, the action plan totalled $125 million for:

  • The Preservation Program, which addressed the water and ecosystem quality components of the GLWQA Protocol;
  • The Great Lakes Clean-up Fund (now the Great Lakes Sustainability Fund) to ensure that required remedial measures within federal jurisdiction and within an Area of Concern were undertaken; and
  • The Great Lakes Health Effects Program, which addressed the human health aspects of the GLWQA Protocol.