Municipal Solid Waste

The responsibility for municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Canada is shared among the federal, provincial/territorial and municipal governments. MSW refers to recyclables and compostable materials, as well as garbage from homes, businesses, institutions, and construction and demolition sites.

MSW collection, diversion (recycling and composting) and disposal operations are the responsibility of municipal governments, while the provinces and territories are responsible for approvals, licensing and monitoring of operations. For its part, the Government of Canada is engaged in MSW management issues related to sustainable development, toxic substances, international movement, federal lands and operations, air emissions, including greenhouse gas emissions, and through federal funding programs.

A number of reports have been produced to contribute to discussions in Canada on waste management as it relates to sustainable development. These reports, and other resources relevant to MSW, are collected in the sections below for your convenience.

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