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Review of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Tools for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management

The 2007 report "Review of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Tools for Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management" analyses a number of Life Cycle Assessment tools with a view to their potential application in Canada.

The models reviewed in this report are life cycle inventory models that were developed in Canada and other countries. Life cycle inventory analysis is like an accounting framework, or model, for tracking the environmental burdens – such as energy and raw material requirements, air emissions, waterborne effluents, solid waste – that occur during the life cycle of a product or process. The models reviewed in this report looked at the environmental burdens associated with extracting raw materials, primary and secondary manufacturing stages, transportation, use and final disposal (as waste, energy or recycled product).

The various life cycle assessment tools were reviewed by a technical group in order to obtain user's perspectives on the models. Potential users of a Life Cycle Assessment-based tool include municipal solid waste managers, funding agencies, consultants, the waste management industry, policy analysts, as well as academic researchers and teachers.

Funding for the preparation of this report was provided by the Program of Energy Research and Development (PERD).

This report is being made available by request. To receive PDF copies (3 megabytes) of the report via email, please send an email to with the subject "LCA Report".

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