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Completed Agreements

Automotive Parts Manufacturers' Association

Full text of the Agreement (HTML) (PDF; 56 KB)

Purpose of the Agreement
Signatories (Period in effect)
Results and next steps
- Management of Toxic Substances: Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Purpose of the Agreement

To achieve verifiable reductions in the use, generation, and release of priority substances in the automotive parts sector, giving priority to pollution prevention. The EPA focuses on sector-wide targets to reduce substances - including volatile organic compounds (VOCs), greenhouse gases and smog precursors, metals, and substances listed on Schedule 1 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999) - through participation by APMA member companies in achieving voluntary reductions, implementing ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems, and developing and implementing a facility-specific pollution prevention plan.

Signatories (Period in effect)

Between Environment Canada, Industry Canada, and the APMA (Five-year agreement in effect from October 31, 2002, to December 31, 2007).

Participating facilities

  • Dana Canada's Thorold Operations
  • Canadian General-Tower Limited – Cambridge Operations
  • Linamar Corporation
  • Dortec Industries, a division of Magna Closures
  • Martinrea International Inc.


The APMA committed to an aggregate 20% reduction per unit of output of VOC emissions from the participating Ontario-based companies and an aggregate 3% reduction of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of output from all participating companies between the 2000 baseline year and 2007. Calculating the reductions on a per unit of output basis will allow for increases in demand for auto parts to be taken into account.

Participating APMA companies have committed to a verifiable reduction in the use, generation, and release of specific substances listed in Appendix I of the Agreement, which include greenhouse gases, metals, and substances falling into the categories of halogenated and non-halogenated hydrocarbons.

Participating companies have committed to screen their inventories and implement pollution prevention plans for these substances, using the best available technology that is economically achievable. Each participant also aims to implement an ISO 14001-certified environmental management system

Results and next steps

The APMA and Environment Canada are actively seeking additional companies from this sector to sign on to the agreement by promoting participation in the agreement, through site visits, communications, and information sharing.

What is pollution prevention?

CEPA 1999 defines pollution prevention as "the use of processes, practices, materials, products, substances or energy that avoid or minimize the creation of pollutants and waste, and reduce overall risk to human health or the environment." The goal of pollution prevention is to avoid having to manage pollution after the fact, by not creating it in the first place. Pollution prevention involves continuous improvement through design, technical, operational, and behavioural changes and may lead to lower production costs and increased efficiencies. Successful pollution prevention is a win-win situation for the facility and the environment.

Pollution prevention practices and techniques focus on cleaner production by avoiding substances of concern or substituting them with other materials, the efficient use and conservation of natural resources, on-site reuse and recycling, process changes, equipment modifications, operating efficiencies, product design and reformulation, training, and procurement techniques.

For more information on pollution prevention, visit the home page of Environment Canada's Pollution Prevention website.


Brad Cumming
Pollution Prevention and Mining
Tel: (416) 739-5883
Fax: (416) 739-4342


In 1993, a Memorandum of Understanding was negotiated between the APMA and Environment Canada, which concluded in 1997.

This EPA promotes voluntary verifiable reduction or elimination of the use, generation, and release of toxic substances by Canada's economically important automotive parts sector.

Health Canada and Environment Canada intend to develop regulations under CEPA 1999 for national VOC emission standards for certain categories of consumer products. VOCs are precursor pollutants that form ground-level ozone and particulate matter in smog that are produced by and present in many consumer and commercial products.

The APMA member companies collectively account for over 90% of the $35 billion automotive parts industry production in Canada. The agreement focuses on Ontario companies, because the membership of APMA is overwhelming based in Ontario. It is estimated that up to 25 APMA member companies have VOC issues.

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