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Railway Association of Canada
Memorandum of Understanding regarding locomotive emissions with the Railway Association of Canada
Purpose of the Memorandum of Understanding
This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishes a framework through which the Railway Association of Canada (RAC), its member companies (Annex 1: RAC Member Companies), Environment Canada (EC), and Transport Canada (TC) will address emissions of criteria air contaminants (CAC) and greenhouse gases (GHG) from railway locomotives operated by railway companies in Canada.
Signatories (Period in effect)
The MOU has been negotiated between Transport Canada, Environment Canada and the Railway Association of Canada, on behalf of its member companies (Annex 1: RAC Member Companies). This agreement is in effect until December 31, 2010
GHG-related commitments: to achieve by 2010 aggregate GHG emissions intensity levels.
CAC-related commitments: to increase the number of locomotives meeting U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) emissions standards and to retire older locomotives.
The Railway Association of Canada has published its third annual report on the performance of the railway industry under the Memorandum of Understanding from 2006-2010. The report, entitled Locomotive Emissions Monitoring Program 2008, covers the operating year 2008. The 2007 report Locomotive Emissions Monitoring Program 2007 and the 2006 report Locomotive Emissions Monitoring Program 2006 are also available.
Progress on GHG commitments:
Analysis of railway data for 2008 shows that GHG emissions intensities (as CO2 equivalent per productivity unit) compared to the target levels set out in the MOU for 2010 by category of railway line-haul operation were:
Analysis of railway data for 2008 shows that GHG emissions intensities (as CO2 equivalent per productivity unit) compared to the target levels set out in the MOU for 2010 by category of railway line-haul operation were: Railway Operation: Class 1 Freight. In 2006: 17.79 kg per 1000 RTK, 2007: 17.32 kg per 1000 RTK, 2008: 17.61 kg per 1000 RTK. MOU 2010 target: 16.98 kg per 1000 RTK Railway Operation: Regional and Short Lines, Units: kg per 1000 RTK. In 2006: 15.10 kg per 1000 RTK, 2007: 15.21 kg per 1000 RTK, 2008: 15.80 kg per 1000 RTK. MOU 2010 target: 15.38 kg per 1000 RTK Railway Operation: Intercity Passenger. In 2006: 0.13 kg per passenger-km, 2007: 0.13 kg per passenger-km, 2008: 0.12 kg per passenger-km. MOU 2010 target: 0.12 kg per passenger-km Railway Operation: Commuter Rail. In 2006: 1.74 kg per passenger, 2007: 1.71 kg per passenger, 2008: 1.74 kg per passenger. MOU 2010 target: 1.46 kg per passenger
|Railway Operation||Units||2006||2007||2008||MOU 2010 target|
|Class 1 Freight||kg / 1,000 RTK||17.79||17.32||17.61||16.98|
|Regional and Short Lines||kg / 1,000 RTK||15.10||15.21||15.80||15.38|
|Intercity Passenger||kg / passenger-km||0.13||0.13||0.12||0.12|
|Commuter Rail||kg / passenger||1.74||1.71||1.74||1.46|
Progress on CAC commitments:
In meeting the CAC commitments under the MOU, the railways have focused primarily on purchasing new freshly-manufactured locomotives meeting the EPA Tier 2 emissions standard and retiring 1973-99 era medium-horsepower locomotives.
Third Party Verification
The following summary of the verification was published in the 2008 Locomotive Emissions Monitoring (LEM) program annual report:
"As required under Section 5.3 the 2006-2010 LEM MOU, an audit of the 2007 LEM reporting process was conducted in 2009. The findings of the audit determined that some of the values in the 2007 Actions Taken table were misstated or reported incorrectly. As a result, the 2007 inventory required revisions to the number of locomotives reported in the total Class I freight fleet. The 2007 values listed in the Actions Taken table and the 2007 Locomotive Fleet have been revised and will be shown throughout this 2008 LEM Report. The impact of these inventory revisions on the reported 2007 emissions was minimal.
The recommendations of the audit related to data collection methodologies influence the results of follow-on annual LEM reports. The recommendations have been incorporated into data collection and calculations for this 2008 LEM report."
- Transport Canada and Environment Canada will continue to monitor progress under the MOU.
- Transport Canada will continue to post the annual reports on its website.
- Environment Canada will continue to post reports on the progress of the MOU on its website with links to the agreement information.
Strategies and Outreach
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On April 26, 2007, the Government introduced mandatory reduction targets for all major industries that produce greenhouse gases. The Government also set smog-forming emissions targets that will help clean our air and protect the health of Canadians. The complete text is posted on the regulatory framework website.
The transportation sector, as a major contributor to both air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, will also have to meet stringent targets and standards. Regarding locomotive emissions, the Government will
"support an MOU [Memorandum of Understanding] with the Railway Association of Canada that is consistent with the U.S. air pollution standards and that ensures that the rail industry continues to improve its greenhouse gas emission performance during the period 2006-2010. Once the MOU expires, the voluntary approach will be replaced with a regulatory regime. The Minister of Transport will implement new regulations, under the Railway Safety Act, to take effect in 2011."
Fulfilling this commitment, Environment Canada, Transport Canada and the Railway Association of Canada agreed on a draft MOU that meets the criteria of Environment Canada's policy framework for Environmental Performance Agreements.
Responses to Comments
The draft MOU was posted on Environment Canada's Environmental Performance Agreements website for a 15-day public consultation period, which ended on April 20, 2007. Based on the comments received, it was decided to not modify the draft MOU. The MOU was signed by the Ministers of Environment and Transport and the President of the Railway Association of Canada on May 15, 2007.
Also available are the comments received by Environment Canada on the draft MOU, and responses to those comments.
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