A Climate Change Plan for the Purposes of the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act – 2007

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Annex 2 -- Provincial and Territorial Actions on Climate Change

Programs and Incentives Funded under the Federal Trust Fund for Clean Air and Climate Change

British Columbia -- funding of $199.3 million will support projects, such as providing clean electricity to remote rural areas, extracting energy from sawmill scrap and wood infested with pine beetles, development of a "hydrogen highway" and new geothermal and bioenergy projects.

Yukon -- funding of $5 million will support the installation of a third hydro turbine at the Aishihik hydro electric plant to reduce the territory's dependence on diesel generated electricity.

Alberta -- funding of $155.9 million will support projects, such as the development of a carbon capture and storage system, the development of clean coal technology and a project to convert municipal waste into energy.

Saskatchewan -- funding of $44.4 million will go towards continuing development of near zero CO2 emission electrical generation projects, improving energy efficiency and conservation, developing renewable and alternative energy sources, and continuing efforts in CO2 capture and storage through the International Test Centre for Carbon Dioxide Capture.

Manitoba -- funding of $53.8 million will support projects to expand the province's low-income energy efficiency program, support the creation of new biodiesel plants in rural Manitoba, further develop solar power and bio-gas, and invest in an East-West power grid with Ontario.

Northwest Territories -- funding of $5 million will support energy conservation and efficiency projects, alternative and emerging technologies, as well as the development of hydro-electric resources.

Ontario -- funding of $586.2 million will support the development of an East-West power grid with Manitoba, allowing for the importation of clean hydroelectric power, and the phasing out of the remaining coal fired generating stations, which could result in emissions reductions of up to 30 Mt.

Quebec -- funding of $349.9 million will support projects such as new technologies in the trucking sector, ethanol production, geothermal energy, research in carbon sequestration, gas capture from landfill sites, and waste treatment and energy recovery from agricultural biomass.

Nunavut -- funding of $5 million will support enhanced energy conservation, and projects that promote efficiency and diversity of the energy system in a move towards alternative and emerging technologies.

New Brunswick -- funding of $34 million will support projects, such as developing renewable fuels such as cellulosic ethanol and biodiesel, capturing landfill gas to produce energy, examining the use of clean coal technology and expanding and enhancing energy efficiency programs in residential, forestry and commercial sectors.

Nova Scotia -- funding of $42.5 million will support the conversion of the Capital Health Authority's heating plants to burn natural gas, a tidal power plant project and the establishment of the Nova Scotia Municipal Climate and Clean Air Fund to allow municipalities to take on their own projects to reduce harmful emissions.

Prince Edward Island -- funding of $15 million will support several renewable energy projects, such as investment in technology development, uses in homes and government buildings, and a hydrogen fuelling station for the P.E.I. Wind-Hydrogen Village.

Newfoundland and Labrador -- funding of $23 million will support projects such as making public buildings more energy efficient, improving waste management, and promoting environmentally friendly innovation in rural and remote areas.

Regulations and Economic Instruments

Provincial and territorial governments also have many tools at their disposal to better control industrial emissions and are supporting their policies and programs with a mix of regulatory tools and economic instruments. Examples of these include:

Sources of Carbon Emissions Royalty Amount
Gasoline 0.8 cents/litre
Diesel 0.9 cents/litre
Propane 0.5 cents/litre
Light heating oil 0.96 cents/litre
Heavy heating oil 1 cent/litre
Coke used in steel manufacturing 1.3 cents/litre
Coal $8/tonne

Energy and Conservation Initiatives

The core of most efforts to address climate change and ensure the long term sustainability of economies is often linked to energy policies. Most provinces and territories have recently updated or are currently updating their energy plans and many have already announced numerous initiatives designed to improve energy efficiency and promote conservation in homes, businesses and institutions.

Transportation and Biofuels Initiatives

The demand for transportation is determined by the need to move people and goods. As the size of the population, the economy and trade grow, so too does the demand for transportation. Reducing emissions from transportation present a complex set of policy choices. Much effort has focused on improving vehicle technology, changing the content of fuels, or developing alternative fuels. Efforts are also being made to change the design of the transportation system, to influence transportation behaviour and to reduce fuel demand. The following are examples of such efforts undertaken by provincial governments.

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