Annex 3: FSDS environmental indicators and performance measures (Themes I–III)

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Theme I: Addressing climate change and air quality

Headline indicators:

  1. National greenhouse gas emissions
  2. Canadian ambient air quality (ground-level ozone and fine particulate matter)
  3. Ambient air concentration of NOx, SOx, VOCs

Target indicators:

  1. Climate change mitigation: Government actions to meet reduction target
  2. Air pollutants: Air emissions of SOx, NOx, VOCs, TPM, PM10, PM2.5, CO, NH3
  3. Air pollutants: Trends in air quality related health outcomes
  4. Indoor air quality: Health-based assessments of priority indoor air pollutants and associated management tools (/ of indoor air and CMP priority indoor pollutant assessments, guidelines, building or product standards)
  5. Chemicals management: Canadian releases of selected controlled substances
  6. Chemicals management: Levels of exposure to substances of concern by substance

Theme II: Maintaining water quality and availability

Headline indicators:

  1. CESI freshwater quality indicator for the protection of aquatic life (Water Quality Index)
  2. Drinking water advisories1
  3. Water level indicator / Water flow indicator / Water availability indicator

Target indicators:

  1. Freshwater quality: For areas of concern in the Great Lakes, track change in beneficial use (BU) status from “impaired” or “requires further assessment” to “not impaired” or “restored”
  2. Freshwater quality: Ecosystem indicators aligned to phosphorus specific objectives of the Canada-U.S. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement
  3. Freshwater quality: Assess and report on aquatic ecosystem health indicators aligned to objectives of the Canada-Quebec Agreement on the St. Lawrence River
  4. Freshwater quality: Estimated nutrient reductions in Lake Simcoe
  5. Freshwater quality: Indicators will be developed following establishment of ecologically relevant nutrient objectives for Lake Winnipeg and will be based on an increased understanding of the nutrient dynamics of Lake Winnipeg
  6. Freshwater quality: Water quality and soil quality agri-environmental performance indices (aggregates of 4 water quality and 6 soil quality indicators respectively)
  7. Freshwater quality: Change in percentage of wastewater systems achieving national effluent quality standards
  8. Freshwater quality: Reduction in loading of BOD matter and suspended solids
  9. Marine water quality: Annual changes in recommended classifications of shellfish growing areas based on historical water quality measures
  10. Marine water quality: Percentage of disposal site monitoring events that do not trigger site management action
  11. Drinking water quality: Percentage of First Nation communities with acceptable water and wastewater facility risk ratings
  12. Drinking water quality: Health-based water guidelines (# of guidelines/guidance documents approved by F/P/T Committee by product type)
  13. Chemicals management: Percentage decrease of concentrations of selected substances (PFOS and PBDE) in water from baseline data
  14. Chemicals management: Canadian releases of selected controlled substances
  15. Water resource management and use: Water use by major sectors from water use surveys

Theme III: Protecting nature

Headline indicators:

  1. Proportion of assessed species in General Status reports whose status is considered to be secure
  2. Percentage of ecosystems where the majority of ecosystem components are assessed as healthy
  3. Total protected area as proportion of national territory – includes land and marine area
  4. Annual harvest of timber relative to the level of harvest deemed to be sustainable
  5. Status of major fish stocks

Target indicators:

  1. Terrestrial and aquatic wildlife conservation (species at risk): Percentage of listed species for which recovery has been deemed feasible where the population trend (where available) at the time of reassessment is consistent with the recovery strategy
  2. Terrestrial and aquatic wildlife conservation (migratory birds): Proportion of migratory bird species whose population varies within acceptable bounds of the population goals
  3. Terrestrial ecosystems and habitat – Non-park protected habitat: Land conserved as a percentage of the total amount needed to achieve population goals for all priority migratory birds and species at risk
  4. Terrestrial ecosystems and habitat – Park protected habitat: Percentage of national parks with maintained or improved overall ecological integrity
  5. Marine ecosystems: Percentage of marine area under a conservation regime
  6. Managing threats to ecosystems: Incidence of invasive species introduction (or number of invasive pathways controlled)
  7. Managing threats to ecosystems: Environmental emergencies tracking
  8. Sustainable fisheries: The percentage of major fish stocks where the harvest rate or level is at or below approved levels
  9. Sustainable aquaculture: Percentage of aquaculture managed under a science-based environmental regulatory framework
  10. Sustainable aquaculture: Percentage of Canadian aquaculture producers certified environmentally sustainable or positioned to implement certification
  11. Sustainable forest management: Number of peer-reviewed publications related to forest ecosystems



[1] Note: Indicators included in italics will not be reported on in the second progress report.  However, these indicators will, when ready, be available in CESI.

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