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Planning For a Sustainable Future:
A Federal Sustainable Development Strategy for Canada 

Sustainable Development Office
Environment Canada

October 2010


Annex 1: Theme I
Addressing climate change and air quality

1. Goal: Climate change
Reduce greenhouse gas emission levels to mitigate the severity and unavoidable impacts of climate change.

1.1 Target: Climate change mitigation
Relative to 2005 emission levels, reduce Canada's total greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) 17% by 2020.
(Minister of the Environment)

Implementation strategies for the Clean Air Agenda (1.1.1 to 1.1.19)

Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 1.1.1 Conduct basic and applied research to increase knowledge of the effects of agricultural production on air; provide the science base for development and assessment of beneficial management practices. (AAFC)
  • 1.1.2 Conduct targeted research to increase knowledge of climate change relative to agriculture; establish networks of scientists engaged in addressing climate change issues in a broader, integrated context (mitigation, adaptation, interdepartmental government efforts). (AAFC)
  • 1.1.3 Assess and report on the collective environmental and economic impact of the adoption of sustainable agriculture practices by farmers on the Canadian landscape through two sub-programs: National Agri-Environmental Health Analysis and Reporting Program (NAHARP) and National Carbon Greenhouse Gas Accounting and Verification System (NCGAVS). (AAFC)
  • 1.1.4 Develop and provide information and reports on atmospheric science assessments related to climate change. (EC)
  • 1.1.5 Undertake and deliver scientific research and reporting in support of regulatory and other programs, including data analysis, inventory development, monitoring, modeling and assessment of the effectiveness of efforts as well as research on options, costs and benefits, and technology assessments. (EC, HC, NRCan, TC)
  • 1.1.6 Develop climate change strategies harmonized with United States as part of Canada’s commitment to meet Target 1.1. (EC)
Demanding performance
  • 1.1.7 Develop and implement a single window reporting initiative for national emissions reporting. (EC)
  • 1.1.8 Develop renewable fuels regulations to mandate a 5% renewable fuel content in gasoline. (EC)
  • 1.1.9 Develop GHG emission regulations for new cars and light trucks beginning with the 2011 model year. (EC)
  • 1.1.10 Develop regulations under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 to address greenhouse gas emissions from heavy-duty vehicles, aligned with the United States but taking into consideration the distinct nature of the Canadian fleet. The draft regulations are expected to be available for consultation in the Fall of 2010. (EC, TC)
  • 1.1.11 Develop a performance standard for high-emitting coal-fired thermal electricity generation to transition to low- or non-emitting generation such as renewable energy, high-efficiency natural gas, or thermal power with CCS. (EC)
  • 1.1.12 Continue to work with the provinces and territories to develop coherent greenhouse gases approaches. (EC)
  • 1.1.13 Enhance energy-efficiency regulations for consumer and commercial products. (NRCan)
  • 1.1.14 Work within the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to support the development of international energy efficiency / GHG standards for marine vessels. (TC)
  • 1.1.15 Develop regulations under the Railway Safety Act to address greenhouse gas emissions from the rail sector in collaboration with the United States. (TC).
  • 1.1.16 Work within the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to develop aircraft design performance standards for CO2 as early as 2013. (TC)
  • 1.1.17 Develop and/or implement new rules within Canada’s domestic regulatory regime which reflect appropriate international standards and recommended practices concerning greenhouse emissions adopted by the International Maritime Organization and the International Civil Aviation Organization. (TC)
  • 1.1.18 Continue to support a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Railway Association of Canada that ensures the rail industry continues to improve its GHG emissions performance during the period 2006–2010. (EC, TC)
  • 1.1.19 Continue to support the MOU signed between Transport Canada and Air Transport Association of Canada to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases from aviation sources. The agreement sets an annual fuel-efficiency target that will achieve a cumulative improvement in fuel efficiency of 24% by 2012, relative to 1990 levels. (TC)

Implementation strategies for clean energy (1.1.20 to 1.1.34)

Enabling capacity
  • 1.1.20 Develop climate change strategies aligned with the United States including working collaboratively through the Canada-U.S. Clean Energy Dialogue to advance clean energy priorities. (EC, NRCan)
  • 1.1.21 Continue to provide science policy advice and policy frameworks, and work with portfolio agencies to fulfill commitments made in Canada's Science & Technology Strategy in support of the environmental science and technologies, natural resources and energy, and information and communications technologies research priorities. (IC)
  • 1.1.22 Continue to work with industry stakeholders to encourage and promote the adoption and adaptation of new technologies such as information and communications technologies, biotechnology and clean energy technologies. (IC, NRCan)
  • 1.1.23 Continue to implement the Strategic Aerospace and Defence Initiative in support of strategic, research and development projects that contribute to new A&D technologies, and which may reduce greenhouse gas emissions and produce new energy efficiencies. (IC)
  • 1.1.24 Continue to promote the development and use of CSR management tools by industry and the use of CSR standards in the Canadian marketplace in support of environmental sustainability. (IC)
  • 1.1.25 Encourage businesses, through the accelerated capital cost allowance for clean energy generation equipment, to invest in specified equipment that can contribute to a reduction in harmful emissions and diversification of the energy supply. (FIN)
  • 1.1.26 Supply financial aid and develop capacity to reduce GHGs through adoption of emission reducing technologies and practices. (NRCan)
  • 1.1.27 Use the Program on Energy Research and Development (PERD) to research and develop energy technologies that will reduce GHG emissions. (NRCan)
  • 1.1.28 Use the Clean Energy Fund for transitioning the energy sector by developing and demonstrating new technologies that will reduce GHG emissions. (NRCan)
  • 1.1.29 Finance projects that would, among other things, help to optimize resource use, valuing residual resources, and contribute to eco-efficiency. (DEC, NRCan)
  • 1.1.30 The Atlantic Energy Gateway initiative aims to facilitate development of the Atlantic renewable energy sector by fostering collaboration, common understanding, and communication among governments, and between governments and the private sector, to maximize and expedite the development of renewable energy resources in the region. (ACOA, NRCan)
  • 1.1.31 Work with Aboriginal and northern communities, organizations and governments on climate change issues through the development of sustainable energy initiatives and supporting them in managing vulnerabilities and opportunities created by a changing climate. (INAC, NRCan)
  • 1.1.32 Diversify the western Canadian economy by making strategic investments in the commercialization and adoption of clean energy technologies through the Western Diversification Program. (WD)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 1.1.33 Develop and provide information and reports on the environmental footprint of energy technologies. (EC)
  • 1.1.34 Green Jobs LMI Project:
    • 1.1.34.1 Produce estimates of growth and skills requirements for green jobs. (HRSDC)
    • 1.1.34.2 Develop a definitional framework for green jobs. (HRSDC)

Implementation strategies for clean transportation (1.1.35 to 1.1.42)

Enabling capacity
  • 1.1.35 Programs focused on supplying financial aid and developing capacity to reduce GHGs and air pollutants through adoption of emission-reducing technologies and practices:
    • 1.1.35.1 Deliver extensive outreach under the ecoTransport Strategy to build knowledge and capacity for the adoption of emission-reducing technologies and practices. The majority of ecoTransport programs will end March 31, 2011. (TC)
    • 1.1.35.2 Implement national Vehicle Scrappage Program to encourage Canadians to retire their old high-polluting vehicles (models 1995 or earlier) and to choose more sustainable transportation options. (EC)
    • 1.1.35.3 Provide tax relief to Canadians who use public transit regularly and encourage individuals to make a sustained commitment to using public transit regularly to help reduce traffic congestion, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, through the Public Transit Tax Credit. (FIN)
  • 1.1.36 Continue to collaborate with partners to enhance Canada's competitive advantage in hydrogen and fuel cell technology development and commercialization. (IC)
  • 1.1.37 Undertake research, development and deployment of new technologies to reduce GHGs. (NRCan)
  • 1.1.38 Manage research and development, develop partnerships, support and/or conduct technology development (emerging and forward-looking) to improve energy efficiency and reduce emissions for surface, marine and air transportation. (TC)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 1.1.39 Develop improved materials and processes to achieve more energy-efficient, lower-emission vehicles. (NRCan)
  • 1.1.40 Offer information programs and decision-making tools which help Canadians purchase, drive and maintain their vehicles in a manner which reduces fuel consumption and GHG emissions. (NRCan)
  • 1.1.41 Green Jobs LMI Project:
    • 1.1.41.1 Produce estimates of growth and skills requirements for green jobs. (HRSDC)
    • 1.1.41.2 Develop a definitional framework for green jobs. (HRSDC)
Demanding performance
  • 1.1.42 Impose a Green Levy on the most fuel-inefficient passenger vehicles available in Canada. (FIN)

Implementation strategies for international work on climate change
(1.1.43 to 1.1.53)

Enabling capacity
  • 1.1.43 Work with international partners to implement the commitments in the Copenhagen Accord such as mitigation targets and actions; short and long-term financing; mechanisms for technology and reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation; adaptation actions; and provisions for transparency and accountability of climate change actions. (EC, NRCan)
  • 1.1.44 Support the development of international principles, standards, and recommended practices with the International Civil Aviation Organization aimed at a globally coherent approach to manage international aviation GHG emissions. (TC)
  • 1.1.45 Support the development of international standards and recommended practices with the International Maritime Organization concerning greenhouse gas emissions from marine sources. (TC)
  • 1.1.46 Support the development of recommendations on possible actions to mitigate short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) including black carbon emissions through participation on the Arctic Council Task Force on Black Carbon, and the UNECE Long Range Transboundary Air Pollutants (LRTAP) Ad Hoc Expert Group on Black Carbon. (EC)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 1.1.47 Lead Government of Canada participation in international negotiations on climate change, maintain National Registry and coordinate payment of the International Transaction Log dues. (EC)
  • 1.1.48 United Nations:
    • 1.1.48.1 Participate in international negotiations on climate change, coordinate financial obligations. (DFAIT)
    • 1.1.48.2 Participate in strategic international climate change negotiations and engagement in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), including leadership on key issues. (NRCan)
    • 1.1.48.3 Participate in negotiations. (AAFC)
    • 1.1.48.4 Develop and submit a complete and compliant annual national GHG Inventory Report and Common Reporting Format tables to the UNFCCC Secretariat by April 15 to meet UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol reporting requirements. (EC, NRCan)
  • 1.1.49 Multilateral Organizations Outside of the UNFCC:
    • 1.1.49.1 Advance Canadian interests in a range of high-level climate change-related international fora, such as the G8, the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF), including the MEF initiated Clean Energy Ministerial; and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. (NRCan)
    • 1.1.49.2 Support Canada's participation in multilateral organizations outside the United Nations, such as Methane to Markets and Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership. (EC)
  • 1.1.50 Asia-Pacific Partnership: Manage Canadian Asia Pacific Partnership-funded projects that promote the development, diffusion and deployment of clean technologies. (EC, NRCan, IC)
  • 1.1.51 International Civil Aviation Organization:
    • 1.1.51.1 Work within International Civil Aviation Organization to continue to advance emissions limitations and reductions from international aviation, including the implementation of the ICAO Programme of Action on International Aviation and Climate Change, while maintaining a high level of safety. (TC, EC)
  • 1.1.52 Work within the International Maritime Organization toward the development of international standards and recommended practices that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from marine shipping, while maintaining a high level of safety. (TC)
  • 1.1.53 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): Participate in a variety of policy and technical multilateral cooperation fora including the Global CCS Institute, the Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum, the International Energy Agency and the MEF Clean Energy Ministerial Carbon Capture and Storage Action Group. (NRCan)

Implementation strategies for forestry (1.1.54 to 1.1.58)

Enabling capacity
  • 1.1.54 Support the development and provision of scientific knowledge, modeling, data and tools that inform forest carbon budgets. (NRCan)
  • 1.1.55 Support the development and adoption of clean energy technologies in the forest sector and the use of wood as a green building material in Canada and abroad. (NRCan)
    • 1.1.55.1 Investment in Forest Industry Transformation (IFIT): Enable renewal and transformation in the forest sector by supporting the development, commercialization and implementation of advanced clean energy technologies in the forest sector. (NRCan)
    • 1.1.55.2 Pulp and Paper Green Transformation Program: Support innovation and environmentally friendly investments in pulp and paper mills in areas such as energy efficiency and renewable energy production. The aim is for pulp and paper mills in Canada to further reduce their greenhouse gas emissions while helping to position them as leaders in the production of renewable energy from forest biomass. (NRCan)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 1.1.56 Develop multidisciplinary assessments of the risks associated with the new and emerging bio-technology in the Forest sectors and the risks they may have on the environment. (NRCan)
  • 1.1.57 Green Jobs LMI Project:
    • 1.1.57.1 Produce estimates of growth and skills requirements for green jobs. (HRSDC)
    • 1.1.57.2 Develop a definitional framework for green jobs. (HRSDC)
  • 1.1.58 Negotiate international agreement to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). (NRCan)


2. Goal: Air pollution
Minimize the threats to air quality so that the air Canadians breathe is clean and supports healthy ecosystems.

2.1 Target: Air pollutants
Reduce air pollutants in order to maintain or improve air quality across the country and achieve the emission targets which are currently under development in consultations with provinces and stakeholders.
(Minister of the Environment)

Implementation strategies for the Clean Air Regulatory Agenda (CARA) (2.1.1 to 2.1.15)

Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 2.1.1 National Pollutant Release Inventory (NPRI) tracking through the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999). (EC)
  • 2.1.2 Undertake scientific research and reporting in support of regulatory and other programs delivered, including data analysis, inventory development, monitoring, modeling and assessment of the effectiveness of efforts as well as research on options, costs and benefits including economic and social and technology assessments. (EC, NRCan, HC, TC)
  • 2.1.3 Communicate outdoor air pollution health risks to Canadians through the Air Quality Health Index: Continue development of the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) and support implementation into additional census metropolitan areas (CMAs). The AQHI provides current and forecast air quality information and advice on health risks in order to assist Canadians in making decisions on how to reduce their level of exposure. (HC, EC)
  • 2.1.4 Develop and provide atmospheric science assessments related to air quality. (EC)
Demanding performance

Enforce existing regulations

  • 2.1.5 Continue to implement air pollutant emission regulations for various classes of on-road and off-road compression-ignition engines and small spark-ignition engines and fuels. (EC)
  • 2.1.6 Target regulations on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in some consumer and commercial products, and air pollutants for most transportation (on-road vehicles and engines, off-road compression ignition engines and off-road small-spark ignition engines), including implementation of the regulatory and control measures. (EC)

New regulations

  • 2.1.7 Continue cooperation with the United States on sustainable transportation and fuel quality. (EC)
  • 2.1.8 Continue to work collaboratively with provinces and territories to develop and implement a coherent approach to managing air quality, including national ambient air quality standards and national industrial emissions requirements for key pollutants. (EC, HC)
  • 2.1.9 Work through the World Forum for the Harmonization of Vehicle Regulation to develop harmonized global technical regulations for vehicles and engines to ensure that stringent emission standards will be applied around the world. (EC)
  • 2.1.10 Develop new regulations to reduce emissions of air pollutants from marine engines and recreational vehicles, on- and off-road diesel engines and off-road large spark ignition engines. (EC)
  • 2.1.11 Work on energy-efficiency regulations for consumer and commercial products. (NRCan)
  • 2.1.12 Develop emission regulations for Criteria Air Contaminants (CAC) for the rail sector under the Railway Safety Act to take effect in 2011, aligned with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency emissions standards. (TC)
  • 2.1.13 Continue to work with the United States and France to implement a designated Emission Control Area for North American coastal areas, under the auspices of the IMO, by 2012. (TC, EC)
  • 2.1.14 Develop enhanced emissions regulations under the Canada Shipping Act, 2001, for vessels operating in Canadian waters. (TC)

Regulatory complement

  • 2.1.15 Continue to support a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Railway Association of Canada that ensures the rail industry continues to improve emission performance during the 2006–2010 period. (EC, TC)

Implementation strategies for clean energy (2.1.16 to 2.1.21)

Enabling capacity
  • 2.1.16 ecoACTION programs reduce GHG emissions and can directly or indirectly contribute to air pollutant emission reduction. (NRCan, TC, INAC)
  • 2.1.17 Finance projects that would, among other things, help to optimize resource use, valuing residual resources, and contribute to eco-efficiency. (DEC, NRCan)
  • 2.1.18 Encourage businesses, through the accelerated capital cost allowance for clean energy generation equipment, to invest in specified equipment that can contribute to a reduction in harmful emissions and diversification of the energy supply. (FIN)
  • 2.1.19 The Atlantic Energy Gateway initiative aims to facilitate development of the Atlantic renewable energy sector by fostering collaboration, common understanding, and communication among governments, and between governments and the private sector, to maximize and expedite the development of renewable energy resources in the region. (ACOA, NRCan)
  • 2.1.20 Diversify the western Canadian economy by making strategic investments in the commercialization and adoption of clean energy technologies through the Western Diversification Program. (WD)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 2.1.21 Green Jobs LMI Project:
    • 2.1.21.1 Produce estimates of growth and skills requirements for green jobs. (HRSDC)
    • 2.1.21.2 Develop a definitional framework for green jobs. (HRSDC)

Implementation strategies for clean transportation (2.1.22 to 2.1.29)

Enabling capacity
  • 2.1.22 Programs focused on supplying financial aid and developing capacity to reduce GHGs and smog-forming pollutants through adoption of emission-reducing technologies and practices:
    • 2.1.22.1 Deliver extensive outreach under the ecoTransport Strategy to build knowledge and capacity for the adoption of emission-reducing technologies and practices. The majority of ecoTransport programs will end March 31, 2011. (TC)
    • 2.1.22.2 Implement a national Vehicle Scrappage Program to encourage Canadians to retire their old high-polluting vehicles (models 1995 or earlier) and to choose more sustainable transportation options. (EC)
    • 2.1.22.3 Provide tax relief to Canadians who use public transit regularly and encourage individuals to make a sustained commitment to using public transit regularly to help reduce traffic congestion, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, through the Public Transit Tax Credit. (FIN)
  • 2.1.23 Undertake research, development and deployment of new technologies to reduce GHG and other air-pollutant emissions. (NRCan)
  • 2.1.24 Continue to collaborate with partners to enhance Canada's competitive advantage in hydrogen and fuel cell technology development and commercialization. (IC)
  • 2.1.25 Support the design, manufacture and sale of fuel-efficient, light-duty motor vehicles to promote energy efficiency. (TC)
  • 2.1.26 Continue to implement the Automotive Innovation Fund through to 2013 in support of strategic, large-scale research and development projects leading to innovative, greener, more fuel-efficient vehicles. (IC)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 2.1.27 Offer information programs and decision-making tools which help Canadians purchase, drive and maintain their vehicles in a manner which reduces fuel consumption and GHG emissions. (NRCan)
  • 2.1.28 Green Jobs LMI Project:
    • 2.1.28.1 Produce estimates of growth and skills requirements for green jobs. (HRSDC)
    • 2.1.28.2 Develop a definitional framework for green jobs. (HRSDC)
Demanding performance
  • 2.1.29 Impose a Green Levy on the most fuel-inefficient passenger vehicles available in Canada. (FIN)

Implementation strategies for international negotiations (2.1.30 to 2.1.38)

Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 2.1.30 Develop and promote awareness and best practices.
    • 2.1.30.1 Support the development of standards and recommended practices within the Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP) of the International Civil Aviation Organization concerning air pollutant emissions from aviation sources. (TC)
    • 2.1.30.2 Support the development of international standards and recommended practices within the International Maritime Organization concerning air pollutant emissions from marine sources. (TC)
  • 2.1.31 Work with the U.S to reduce transboundary emissions under the Canada-U.S. Air Quality Agreement. (EC, HC)
  • 2.1.32 Submit air pollutant inventories to meet international reporting requirements using NPRI to the UN Economic Commission for Europe to meet the reporting obligations of the Protocols ratified under the Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution). (EC)
  • 2.1.33 Participate in the Marine Environmental Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization. (TC)
  • 2.1.34 Participate in the International Civil Aviation Organization Council’s Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection. (TC)
  • 2.1.35 Participate in negotiations for revisions of the Gothenburg Protocol to Reduce Ozone, Acidification and Eutrophication under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution. (EC, HC)
Demanding performance
  • 2.1.36 Develop Extended Producer Responsibility Regulations for managing end-of-life ozone depleting substances and their halocarbon alternatives. (EC)
  • 2.1.37 Continue development of a North American proposal to phase-down HFCs under the Montreal Protocol and develop complimentary domestic regulations. (EC)
  • 2.1.38 Deliver compliance promotion activities for key regulatory initiatives. (EC)

2.2 Target: Indoor air quality
Help protect the health of Canadians by assessing indoor air pollutants and developing guidelines and other tools to better manage indoor air quality.
(Minister of Health)

Implementation strategies for indoor air quality (2.2.1 to 2.2.3)

Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 2.2.1 Conduct exposure and risk assessments and source identification studies to support guideline development on priority indoor air contaminants. (HC)
  • 2.2.2 Create a database of indoor radon concentrations, map areas of high radon potential in Canada, test for radon in federal buildings in high-risk, radon-prone areas. The strategy includes a radon awareness program. (HC)
  • 2.2.3 Implement the health promotion campaign on mould as part of the National Strategy to Address Mould in First Nations Communities. (HC)

2.3 Target: Chemicals management
Reduce risks to Canadians and impacts on the environment posed by harmful substances as a result of decreased environmental concentrations and human exposure to such substances.
(Minister of the Environment and Minister of Health)

Implementation strategies for chemicals management (2.3.1 to 2.3.11)

Leading by example
  • 2.3.1 Federal custodians plan and undertake assessment and remediation/risk management activities at contaminated sites for which they are responsible in order to reduce human health and ecological risks at higher priority sites. (EC)
  • 2.3.2 Guidance and program policies developed by the program secretariat and the expert support departments are used by federal custodians in the program implementation activities. (EC)
  • 2.3.3 In 2010–2011, site assessments will be undertaken on an estimated 1,500 projects by 15 federal custodians in total while an estimated 500 remediation/risk management projects will be implemented by 17 custodians in total. (EC)
Advancing knowledge and communications
  • 2.3.4 Assess 100% of existing commercial substances as identified under the Chemicals Management Plan for risks to human health and/or the environment (100% of total of 4,300 by 2020). (EC, HC)
  • 2.3.5 Assess 100% of new substances, for which Environment Canada has been notified by industry of their intended manufacture or import, to determine if they are suspected of being toxic within the timelines in the regulation or established services standards. (EC, HC)
  • 2.3.6 Apply life-cycle thinking, sustainable materials management and environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes to promote sustainable consumption and minimize the impacts of products and wastes on the environment and human health. (EC, NRCan)
  • 2.3.7 The Northern Contaminants Program will continue monitoring contaminant levels in wildlife and people in the Canadian North. (INAC)
Demanding performance
  • 2.3.8 Ensure at least one risk management measure is in place within the legally mandated timeframes for 100% of substances added to the List of Toxic Substances within. (EC, HC)
  • 2.3.9 Deliver compliance promotion activities for new instruments developed under CEPA 1999. (EC)
  • 2.3.10 Work with OECD and with the U.S. and Mexico under the auspices of the Commission for Environmental Cooperation to foster green growth collaborative initiatives. (EC)
  • 2.3.11 Work with provincial and territorial authorities to promote waste minimization and diversion, such as the implementation of the Canada-wide Action Plan on Extended Producer Responsibility. (EC)
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