In Quebec, approximately 13.6 million hectares (8.6% of the province as of 2010) are designated as protected. Environment and Climate Change Canada maintains 36 protected areas in Quebec, including 8 National Wildlife Areas (NWA) and 28 Migratory Bird Sanctuaries (MBS), comprising over 58 thousand hectares of the province's protected lands and waters. Among the provinces, Quebec is home to the largest portion of Environment and Climate Change Canada's network of protected areas (25%).
Map of Environment and Climate Change Canada's Protected Areas in Quebec
Long description for the Map
Map showing the number of Environment and Climate Change Canada's protected areas in Quebec, for a total of 36 divided among 8 National Wildlife Areas (NWAS) and 28 Migratory Bird Sanctuaries (MBSs).
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List of Protected Areas in Quebec
The tables below contain information about the NWAs and MBSs shown on the map above. In addition to the name, year of establishment, and size of each protected area, the tables indicate how these sites fit into national and international networks of conservation areas. The following entities may be noted:
National Wildlife Areas
|NWA Name||Year established||Size in hectares|
|Baie de l'Isle-Verte NWA||1980||789|
|Cap Tourmente NWA||1978||2,319|
|Îles de Contrecoeur NWA||1981||302|
|Îles de la Paix NWA||1977||129|
|Îles de l'Estuaire NWA||1986||404|
|Lac Saint-François NWA||1978||1,467|
|Pointe de l'Est NWA||1978||982|
Migratory Bird Sanctuaries
|MBS Name||Year established||Size in hectares|
|Brador Bay MBS||1925||575|
|Baie des Loups MBS||1925||3,655|
|Boatswain Bay MBS||1941||15,690|
|Gros Mécatina MBS||1996||2,196|
|Île à la Brume MBS||1925||3,836|
|Île aux Basques MBS||1927||846|
|Île aux Hérons MBS||1937||630|
|Bonaventure Island and Percé Rock MBS||1919||1,373|
|Carillon Island MBS||1937||454|
|Couvée Islands MBS||1986||15|
|Corossol Island MBS||1937||369|
|Îles Sainte-Marie MBS||1925||4,030|
|Mont Saint-Hilaire MBS||1960||984|
|Îles de la Paix MBS||1955||1,089|
|Bird Rocks MBS||1919||653|
Access and Permitting
Although access to NWAs is not restricted, the primary purpose of these areas is to protect and conserve wildlife and their habitats, and therefore most NWAs are not equipped with facilities to accommodate public visitation. Unless otherwise posted, all recreational activities are prohibited within NWAs.
Although access to most MBSs is not restricted either, the primary intent of these sanctuaries is to protect migratory birds, and therefore hunting, as well as disturbing or molesting migratory birds, their eggs, nests or habitat, is prohibited.
A permit may be obtained from the Minister of the Environment authorizing the conduct of certain activities in an NWA or MBS, if the Minister or delegate is of the opinion that the proposed activity:
- will not interfere with the conservation of wildlife; or
- is consistent with the purpose for which the protected area was established; and
- is consistent with the management plan for the protected area.
Additional information on entry, prohibited activities and permits in Environment and Climate Change Canada's protected areas is provided on the Management and Activities web pages of the National Wildlife Areas and Migratory Bird Sanctuaries. For more information on Environment and Climate Change Canada's protected areas in Quebec, please contact the regional Environment and Climate Change Canada office:Environment and Climate Change Canada - Quebec Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
1550 avenue d'Estimauville
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
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