Newfoundland and Labrador

In Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately 1.9 million hectares (4.6% of the province as of 2010) are designated as protected. Environment Canada maintains 3 protected areas in Newfoundland and Labrador, all Migratory Bird Sanctuaries (MBSs), comprising over 1 thousand hectares of the province's protected lands and waters. Currently, there are no National Wildlife Areas (NWAs) in the province.

Map of Environment Canada's Protected Areas in Newfoundland & Labrador

Map of protected areas in Newfoundland and Labrador. (1) Île aux Canes MBS (2) Île aux Canes MBS (3) Terra Nova MBS

Long description for the Map

Map showing the number of Environment Canada’s protected areas in Newfoundland and Labrador, totalling 3, all Migratory Bird Sanctuaries (MBSs).

Migratory Bird Sanctuaries
Refuge d'oiseaux migrateurs (3)

List of Protected Areas in Newfoundland & Labrador

The table below contains information about the MBSs shown on the map above. In addition to the name, year of establishment, and size of each protected area, the table indicates how these sites fit into national and international networks of conservation areas. The following entities may be noted:

Ramsar: Wetland of International Importance
IBA: Important Bird Area
WHSRN: Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network
MAB: Biosphere reserve of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Programme

This table provides information on migratory bird sanctuaries such as the name of sanctuary, the year it was established, the size in hectares and notes.

Migratory Bird Sanctuaries
No.NameYear established Size in hectares Notes
1Shepherd Island MBS1991162
2Île aux Canes MBS199118
3Terra Nova MBS19671,178-

Access and Permitting

Although access to NWAs is not restricted, the primary purpose of these areas is to protect and conserve wildlife and their habitats, and therefore most NWAs are not equipped with facilities to accommodate public visitation. Unless otherwise posted, all recreational activities are prohibited within NWAs.

Although access to most MBSs is not restricted either, the primary intent of these sanctuaries is to protect migratory birds, and therefore hunting, as well as disturbing or molesting migratory birds, their eggs, nests or habitat, is prohibited.

A permit may be obtained from the Minister of the Environment authorizing the conduct of certain activities in an NWA or MBS, if the Minister or delegate is of the opinion that the proposed activity:

  • will not interfere with the conservation of wildlife; or
  • is consistent with the purpose for which the protected area was established; and
  • is consistent with the management plan for the protected area.

Contact Information

Additional information on entry, prohibited activities, and permits in Environment Canada's protected areas is provided on the Management and Activities web pages of the National Wildlife Areas and Migratory Bird Sanctuaries. For more information on Environment Canada's protected areas in Newfoundland & Labrador, please contact the regional Environment Canada office: 

Environment Canada – Atlantic Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
Protected Areas and Stewardship
17 Waterfowl Lane
Sackville, NB
E4L 4N1
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)