New Brunswick

In New Brunswick, approximately 0.23 million hectares (3.1% of the province as of 2010) are designated as protected. Environment and Climate Change Canada maintains 8 protected areas in New Brunswick, including 5 National Wildlife Areas (NWAs) and 3 Migratory Bird Sanctuaries (MBSs), comprising over 7 thousand hectares of the province's protected lands and waters.

Map of Environment and Climate Change Canada's Protected Areas in New Brunswick

Map showing the number of protected areas in New Brunswick. (2) Inkerman MBS (1) Grand Manan MBS (3) Machias Seal Island MBS (3) Portobello Creek NWA (2) Portage Island NWA (4) Shepody NWA (5) Tintamarre NWA (1) Cape Jourimain NWA

Long description for the Map

Map showing the number of Environment and Climate Change Canada's protected areas in New Brunswick, a total of 8 divided among 5 National Wildlife Areas (NWAs) and 3 Migratory Bird Sanctuaries (MBSs).

Learn more about New Brunswick...

List of Protected Areas in New Brunswick

The tables below contain information about the NWAs and MBSs shown on the map above. In addition to the name, year of establishment, and size of each protected area, the tables indicate how these sites fit into national and international networks of conservation areas. The following entities may be noted:

Ramsar: Wetland of International Importance

Important Bird Area (IBA)

Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network (WHSRN)

Biosphere reserve of the The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB)

National Wildlife Areas

New Brunswick
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Cape Jourimain NWA1980654
Portage Island NWA1979349
Portobello Creek NWA19952,154
Shepody NWA19801,018
Tintamarre NWA19771,638

Migratory Bird Sanctuaries

New Brunswick
MBS NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Grand Manan MBS1931433
Inkerman MBS199816
Machias Seal Island MBS19441,046

Access and Permitting

Although access to NWAs is not restricted, the primary purpose of these areas is to protect and conserve wildlife and their habitats, and therefore most NWAs are not equipped with facilities to accommodate public visitation. Unless otherwise posted, all recreational activities are prohibited within NWAs.

Although access to most MBSs is not restricted either, the primary intent of these sanctuaries is to protect migratory birds, and therefore hunting, as well as disturbing or molesting migratory birds, their eggs, nests or habitat, is prohibited.

A permit may be obtained from the Minister of the Environment authorizing the conduct of certain activities in an NWA or MBS, if the Minister or delegate is of the opinion that the proposed activity:

  • will not interfere with the conservation of wildlife; or
  • is consistent with the purpose for which the protected area was established; and
  • is consistent with the management plan for the protected area.

Contact Information

Additional information on entry, prohibited activities and permits in Environment and Climate Change Canada's protected areas is provided on the Management and Activities web pages of the NWAs and MBSs. For more information on Environment and Climate Change Canada's protected areas in New Brunswick, please contact the regional Environment and Climate Change Canada office:  

Environment and Climate Change Canada - Atlantic Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
Protected Areas and Stewardship
17 Waterfowl Lane
Sackville, New Brunswick (NB)
E4L 4N1
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
Email: ec.enviroinfo.ec@canada.ca

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