Skip booklet index and go to page content

Canadian Protected Areas - Status Report 2006-2011

Appendix 1: Protected Areas Summary

British Columbia

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia1471 092.70.1 %
UICN Category Ib4558 757.56.2 %
UICN Category II69666 859.27.1 %
UICN Category III1042 138.00.1 %
UICN Category IV25498.10.2 %
UICN Category V0-0.0 %
UICN Category VI2277.00.0 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia413.390.0 %
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II76 190.30.7 %
UICN Category III13.50.0 %
UICN Category IV17.50.0 %
UICN Category V12.90.0 %
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All1 033135 840.314.4 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)-2 785.7
All (Federal)-3 663.9

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Conservancy designation and collaborative working relationships with First Nations.
  • BC Parks 100th birthday.
  • Additions to the BC parks and protected areas system

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Planning and management with respect to climate change.
  • Collaborative work with First Nations.
  • Management plans for newly established protected areas.

Map 5: British Columbia

British Columbia Protected Areas Network

Long description for map 5

A map of British Columbia protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Protected Areas Network

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alberta

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia14325.80.0 %
UICN Category Ib3022 131.03.3 %
UICN Category II1783 860.20.6 %
UICN Category III1550.30.0 %
UICN Category IV13999.50.2 %
UICN Category V198.80.0 %
UICN Category VI142.70.0 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia21.60.0 %
UICN Category Ib1108.00.0 %
UICN Category II554 050.08.2 %
UICN Category III111.50.0 %
UICN Category IV2460.50.1 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI3413.50.1 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All26682 553.412.5 %

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Development and approval of the Plan for Parks--major strategic policy guidance--Alberta Parks has not has a strategic guiding policy since the 1970s.
  • Addition of over 11 000 ha of lands.
  • Approval to move forward on the development of new/consolidated Parks legislation.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Development and approval of updated legislation and supporting zoning and policies.
  • Development of a business case to fund responsible development of Park capital infrastructure to address Alberta's growing population and recreation trends/needs.
  • Continue to partner with other government agencies to address the need for biodiversity monitoring and the development of indicators and targets as a means to address ecosystem health issues such as the control of invasive species, climate change adaptation, etc.

Map 6: Alberta

A map of  l'Alberta

Long description for map 6

A map of Alberta protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Saskatchewan

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia261 598.90.2 %
UICN Category Ib3509 644.61.5 %
UICN Category II116 750.01.0 %
UICN Category III3361.20.0 %
UICN Category IV662 878.30.4 %
UICN Category V124592.30.1 %
UICN Category VI5717 496.52.7 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II34 833.70.7 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV15655.30.1 %
UICN Category V220.50.0 %
UICN Category VI907 032.51.1 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All77751 563.87.9 %

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Additional protected areas are moving forward as Saskatchewan is nearing the conclusion/approval of two land use plans that identify sites or zones for inclusion in the Representative Area Networks (RAN) and two new candidate provincial park areas are undergoing public consultation processes.
  • In parklands conservation and scientific research has been enhanced (increase in monitoring; implementation of ecosystem management plans; increased inventory work; enhanced capital to complete this work).
  • Increased capital funding has improved facilities for the public to experience and enjoy the park system, which can influence and build stronger public support for parks.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • The approval and implementation of two land use plans and the completion of consultation for two proposed provincial parks will add protected areas to the RAN.
  • Identify biodiversity and ecological issues and recommend actions to address these issues by concluding and implementing an update to the Biodiversity Action Plan.
  • Cultivate closer working relationships and grow partnerships with First Nation and Métis communities to enhance and support research to identify traditional knowledge and improve understanding, support and expansion of the protected areas network.

Map 7: Saskatchewan

A map of  la Saskatchewan

Long description for map 7

A map of Saskatchewan protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Manitoba

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia21268.80.0 %
UICN Category Ib1029 680.04.6 %
UICN Category II2820 683.03.2 %
UICN Category III32537.20.1 %
UICN Category IV2301 130.60.2 %
UICN Category V711.90.0 %
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II213 639.52.1 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV20.60.0 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All33265 951.510.1 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)-82.2
All (Federal)-803.3

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Manitoba's Green and Growing Strategy (2006) strategic framework set a goal of designating  five new major protected  areas by 2010 and continuing to increase its number of ecological reserves, designate new wildlife  management  areas, and expand the number of rivers with  special status. To fulfill this commitment, Manitoba designated five major protected areas covering more than 1 million ha throughout  northern and central Manitoba.
  • Manitoba also completed work in Tembec's Forest Management  License #1 in Natural Region 4c with the designation of Observation Point Wildlife Management  Area (6010 ha). The recently designated Whitemouth  Bog Ecological Reserve (5020  ha) is the third largest ecological reserve in the province, and it is buffered by the Whitemouth Bog Wildlife Management Area (3010 ha).
  • Manitoba also designated the first two traditional use planning areas (TUPAs) under The East Side Traditional  Lands Planning and Special Protected Areas Act (passed in 2010).  The Asatiwisipe  Aki (7 896 485 ha) and Pimitotah  (132 575 ha) TUPAs were designed and designated in conjunction  with  Poplar River First Nation and Bloodvein First Nation respectively.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Little Crown land remains available for protection in municipal Manitoba, or in areas with  high resource extraction  potential.
  • As the pressures from  human activity on natural habitat  increase, the stakes for protecting nature continue to grow  as well.
  • Completing the unfinished portion of the protected areas network will take time, and in the interim, over 100 candidate areas will continue to have no formal protection from development.
  • Lack of legislative tools to effectively protect endangered and threatened species habitat.

Les zones prioritaires comprennent le Manitoba agraire (sud du Manitoba), la région naturelle 5c (sud-est du Manitoba) et les rives de la baie d'Hudson.

Map 8: Manitoba

Map of protected area - Manitoba

Long description for map 8

A map of Manitoba protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Ontario

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia1091 147.40.1 %
UICN Category Ib848 198.44.5 %
UICN Category II50044 416.74.1 %
UICN Category III1775.70.0 %
UICN Category IV53 494.80.3 %
UICN Category V-0.0-
UICN Category VI-0.0-
IUCN Category not determined-0.0-
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia76.70.0 %
UICN Category Ib2212.60.0 %
UICN Category II82 107.30.2 %
UICN Category III125.70.0 %
UICN Category IV617.10.0 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI410 134.70.9 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All667109 837.210.2 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)--
All (Federal)-5.44

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Completion of the Whitefeather Forest Land Use Plan, and regulation of the five Designated Protected Areas within it under the Provincial Parks and Conservation Reserves Act. This added 349 481 ha of regulated provincial park to the system.
  • Joint approval of three Far North community-based land use plans (Cat Lake/Slate Falls, Little Grand Rapids and Pauingassi) in 2011. These added nearly 793 064 ha of dedicated protected areas in approved land use plans under the Far North Act, 2010.
  • The Pauingassi and Little Grand Rapids community-based land use plans contribute to protection of 34 500 km2 and support Pimachiowin Aki bid for World Heritage Site proclamation by UNESCO.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Full adoption of the relatively new Ontario Protected Areas Planning Manual and its associated guidelines, with their higher degree of rigour and focus on ecological integrity.
  • Continuing the planning efforts in light of reduced funding and staff over the next three years.
  • Refocussing planning priorities where they are most needed as the program downsizes.

Map 9: Ontario

A map of  l'Ontario

Long description for map 9

A map of Ontario protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Quebec

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia1591 625.70.1 %
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II4059 571.83.9 %
UICN Category III39867 211.94.4 %
UICN Category IV6393 181.30.2 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI1 1021 356.30.1 %
IUCN Category not determined6133.90.0 %
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia17154.10.0 %
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II3898.80.1 %
UICN Category III1469.30.0 %
UICN Category IV428.90.0 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All2 437 Table2 Footnote +134 131.9 Table2 Footnote ++8.9 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)-5 036.0
All (Federal)-1 244.7 Table2 Footnote ***

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Le parc marin du Saguenay, qui est géré par le Quebec et Parcs Canada, fait aussi partie du total provincial.

Return to first Table1 Footnote *** referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Inclut 276 aires protégées privées.

Return to first Table1 Footnote + referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Inclut 245.85 km2 de terres privées.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ++ referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Reaching, in March 2009, the objective of 8% representative protected areas, which had initially been set by the government in its 2002 strategic action plan.
  • Creation, in May 2009, of Kuururjuaq National Park, a large northern park. With an area of 446 080 ha, this national park protects nearly the entire watershed of the Koroc River, giving this territory a high degree of protection. Kuururjuaq National Park is operated by the Kativik Regional Government.
  • Publication, in May 2010, of the Overview of Quebec's Protected Areas Network--Period  2002–2009,  a unique work on the protection of biodiversity in Quebec. With more than 190 maps and many tables, this document presents the findings and important achievements in regard to nature conservation over the last few years, while clearly identifying  the gaps in the current network, and paves the way to reaching the new objective of creating protected  areas on 12%  of the territory of Quebec by 2015..

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Expanding the network of protected areas to 12% of Quebec's territory by 2015.
  • Obtaining social acceptance for protected area projects, including acceptance from Aboriginal communities.
  • Ability to use different types of management for the network's protected areas according to the usage context of local or regional renewable resources.

Map 10: Quebec

Map of protected area - Quebec

Long description for map 10

A map of Quebec protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

New Brunswick

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia410.40.0 %
UICN Category Ib4171.40.1 %
UICN Category II201 689.22.3 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia225.00.0 %
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II2404.60.6 %
UICN Category III10.10.0 %
UICN Category IV214.00.0 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI119.40.0 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All732 234.13.1 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)-0.5
All (Federal)-54.2

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Protected a private land Protected Natural Area (PNA) in 2008.
  • Increased the PNA on Crown network by 5000 ha in 2008.
  • Identified candidate sites for the purpose of adding 122 000 ha to the PNA network.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Designation of 122 000 ha of new PNA.
  • Designation of four new private land PNAs and increasing the size of one private land PNA.
  • Considering the inclusion of intertidal zones in the PNA network and will initiate a plan for implementation.

Map 11: New Brunswick

Map of protected area - New Brunswick

Long description for map 11

A map of New Brunswick protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Nova Scotia

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia2650.00.1 %
UICN Category Ib373 147.75.7 %
UICN Category II---
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia734.10.1 %
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II31 349.02.5 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV39.80.0 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI27.40.0 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All784 598.08.4 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)--
All (Federal)-22.2

Nouvell-ecosse

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Establishment of the 12%-by-2015 goal in legislation, and its associated process
  • The dedication of $160 million by the province to land acquisition over the past five years, primarily for protection.
  • The establishment of four wilderness areas and seven nature reserves, totalling 20 250 ha, and the pending designation of three additional  wilderness areas and numerous wilderness area additions comprising approximately  39 000 ha. (Of the 39 000 ha, the 5 000 ha of wilderness area additions were designated in June 2012.)

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Achieving the Province's 12%-by-2015 protected areas involves a great deal of work in the areas of land securement, mitigation of impacts, planning and review, consultation, and many other activities. It is our top priority until it is achieved.
  • As noted previously, land-use and land-use competition are very intense in Nova Scotia, and 70% of the province is privately owned. Many areas of high conservation value occur only on private land. Regardless of whether or not the provincial government adopts additional protection goals after 2015, there will be an ongoing need to continue and expand efforts to secure high-priority conservation lands in private ownership.
  • Working in partnership with non-governmental land trusts will continue to be a priority.
  • Pressures on Nova Scotia's land base are growing, because of increasing demand for resources, shifts in the viability of some traditional industries, development of new kinds of industries, demand for coastal and waterfront property and second/seasonal residences, rising fuel and food costs favouring local food production, rising commodity prices and consequent growth in interest in Nova Scotia's mineral, oil and gas resources. Protected areas are often surrounded by land under intensive industrial uses, and maintaining ecological connectivity and viability is a major challenge. Currently available tools are inadequate to maintain connectivity across the landscape, which is also important for climate change adaptation. A priority following achievement of the 12%-by-2015 target will be to find ways to address this issue.

Map 12: Nova Scotia

Carte de la Nova Scotia

Long description for map 12

A map of la Nova Scotia protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Prince Edward Island

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II6790.80.1 %
UICN Category III583 607.60.6 %
UICN Category IV598 677.81.5%
UICN Category V295.00.0 %
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II12 7000.5 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All12615 871.22.8 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)-13.6
All (Federal)--

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • 1278.1 ha designated under the Natural Areas Protection Act, 2006–2011.
  • In 2007, the Lands Protection Act was amended to remove the 3000-acre limit on land ownership in Natural Areas.
  • Nature Conservancy of Canada (PEI) Inc. was established and began a partnership relationship with the province to acquire and protect natural areas.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Present a major plan for protection of forested areas. This requires input and approval from land managers.
  • Forecast how and when the province will meet its initial goal of 7% protected areas.
  • Plan a rotation of visitation and inspection of protected areas, identifying any problems that need correction.

Map 13: Prince Edward Island

A map of  l'Prince Edward Island

Long description for map 13

A map of Prince Edward Island protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Newfoundland And Labrador

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia37.20.0 %
UICN Category Ib23 965.01.0 %
UICN Category II451 230.50.3 %
UICN Category III62.90.0 %
UICN Category IV161 424.40.4 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia20.20.0 %
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II311 904.92.9 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All7718 535.04.6 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)-152.0
All (Federal)-13.4

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • In 2009, a partnership between the provincial Department of Environment and Conservation and the Nature Conservancy of Canada resulted in a three-year Conservation Blueprint Project in Labrador. This project is compiling background data on natural feature and land use information for Labrador, which will be an invaluable information source for conservation and other land use planning in that part of the province.
  • In 2009, Main River Waterway Provincial Park was established. This park, which is also a Canadian Heritage River, is the first Waterway Provincial Park established in the province and is now protected as a 152 square km park with an additional 49 square km special management area, where only selective forest harvesting is permitted.
  • In 2010, an agreement was made to take the necessary steps to establish a new national park reserve in the Mealy Mountains area of Labrador. The park reserve will protect roughly 10 700 km2. The provincial government also announced its intent to establish a waterway provincial park to protect the Eagle River, adjacent to the proposed national park reserve. Together, these areas will protect over 13 000 km2 and will be second in size only to Quebec's Lacs-Guillaume-Delisle-et-a-l'Eau-Claire National Park Reserve.
  • In 2011, the Nature Conservancy of Canada protected the Grassy Place--the largest piece of private property in Newfoundland and the largest NCC property in Atlantic Canada. The Grassy Place protects 3879 acres (1570 ha) of virtually pristine habitat at the headwaters of Robinsons River in southwest Newfoundland. There was substantial public support for and financial contribution to this initiative.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Release of the Natural Areas System Plan (for establishment of new protected areas) for Newfoundland and identification of potential protected area sites in Labrador.
  • Prioritize inventory and management activities for the existing protected areas system; link to partners and existing monitoring initiatives.
  • Work with other land users to investigate and establish landscape connectivity links with protected areas (existing and proposed).

Map 14: Newfoundland And Labrador

A map of  Newfoundland And Labrador

Long description for map 14

A map of Newfoundland And Labrador protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Yukon

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib15 355.01.1 %
UICN Category II48 229.01.7 %
UICN Category III2185.20.0 %
UICN Category IV107 360.01.5 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI133.30.0 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II336 078.07.5 %
UICN Category III154.80.0 %
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All2257 295.311.8 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)--
All (Federal)-78.0

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • June 2009: identification  of a territorial  park at Summit Lake-Bell River through  the approval of the North Yukon Land Use Plan.
  • July 2009: Approval of Tombstone Park Management Plan.
  • August 2009: official opening of the Tombstone Interpretive Centre.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Building effective cooperative relationships with First Nations partners for the establishment, planning, management and operation of territorial parks
  • Protection of 1 representative core area within each of the 20 ecoregions that are located primarily within the Yukon.
  • Yukon Government and Yukon First Nations agreement on allocation of protected area(s) in the Peel Watershed regional planning area.

Map 15: Yukon

Map of protected area - Yukon

Long description for map 15

A map of Yukon protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Northwest Territories

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib121 270.001.6 %
UICN Category II2146.150.0 %
UICN Category III21 647.600.1 %
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V1940.100.1 %
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined175 910.510.4 %
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia2110.70.0 %
UICN Category Ib320 875.91.6 %
UICN Category II569 244.05.2 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All33120 145.08.9 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)--
All (Federal)-1 252.20

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • In 2009 Saoyú/?ehdacho protected National Historic Site became the first area established through the PAS process.
  • A Recommendations Report for Edéhzhíe was jointly submitted  by the Dehcho First Nations and the Tł˛icho˛ Government to the federal Minister of Environment  as part of their formal request to establish Edéhzhíe National Wildlife  Area (NWA) under the Canada Wildlife Act. Key recommendations include a final boundary option and the establishment of a co-management agreement based on the partner communities'  and Environment Canada's shared vision for the Edéhzhíe NWA.
  • Four additional areas being sponsored as Candidate NWAs by Environment Canada and two areas being sponsored by the Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT).

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Move the five identified Candidate NWAs and the 2 GNWT-sponsored Candidate sites (Candidate Critical Wildlife Area and Candidate Cultural Conservation Area) through to establishment under the NWT PAS.
  • Priorities: complete assessments for one Candidate NWA, develop remaining Recommendation Reports (boundary and management recommendations), gain First Nations and partner agency support for recommended boundaries and management plans, final establishment.partenaire et des Premières nations au plan recommandé concernant les limites et la gestion, établissement définitif.
  • Complete assessments for GNWT sponsored sites, finalize Recommendations Report for Candidate Critical Wildlife Area and develop Recommendations Report for Candidate Cultural Conservation Area.
  • Evaluate up to four additional territorial candidate sites.
  • Priorities: secure funding, identify areas, gain support, identify appropriate designations, and advance areas through the PAS process.
  • It is anticipated that some of these areas will be ecologically representative areas to meet the second goal of the NWT PAS.
  • Priorities/issues: identify areas in those ecoregions that are underrepresented, gain support for large areas where no development will be allowed, identify/improve legislation framework to enable GNWT-sponsored ecologically representative areas.

Map 16: Northwest Territories

A map of  Northwest Territories

Long description for map 16

A map of Northwest Territories protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Nunavut

Terrestrial

Provincially Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II11 420.80.1 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V7112.10.0 %
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia41 420.80.1 %
UICN Category Ib11100 660.84.8 %
UICN Category II5103 735.25.0 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All28208 588.110.0 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
All (Provincial)--
All (Federal)-24 992.2

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Completion of Territorial Parks Inuit Impact and Benefits Agreement (IIBA)--this fulfills Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA) obligations related to Territorial Parks, but also further supports park establishment, and establishes meaningful joint management at community and territorial levels. Documents are still being developed and finalized for the IIBA.
  • Continued Support for a new Territorial Parks Act (TPA)--The draft parks program has been developed and will serve as a framework for the new Act. As well, a legislative review for the new Act has been completed.
  • Continued Support for National Protected Areas--Department of Environment, with Nunavut Parks acting as the lead, has provided support for many federal protected area initiatives in Nunavut. We have supported feasibility studies for Ukkusiksalik National Park and Tuktusiuqvialuk National Park on Bathurst Island. We have also supported the feasibility study and development of the Lancaster Sound Marine Conservation Area. Our involvement at the federal level also includes support for the 2011 National Framework for Canada's Network of Marine Protected Areas with the Department of Fisheries and Oceans.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • New Parks Act/Program--Continue to identify roles for parks and special places in Nunavut, ensure classifications appropriate for Nunavut, provide for a zoning system (there is currently no zoning system in TPA or regulations), reflect Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit, reflect the NLCA and IIBA, and be based on legislative and regulatory "best practices" including principles/purposes and authorities.
  • Implementation of IIBA--Pending adequate funding from Canada through NLCA Implementation Contracts. NU will facilitate the establishment of Community and Nunavut Joint Planning and Management Committees, completion of Parks Act/Program, Management Plan Frameworks, management plans, master plans and resource inventories.
  • Devolution--Will allow Nunavut a greater say in how lands are managed.

Map 17: Nunavut

Map of protected area - Nunavut

Long description for map 17

A map of Nunavut protected areas network, which demarcates both provincial and federal protected areas. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Parks Canada Agency

Terrestrial

Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II45293 336.22.9 %
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV---
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI210 100.00.1 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All47303 436.23.0 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All (Federal)-12 882.50.2 %

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Nahanni expansion: Parks Canada worked closely with the Deh Cho First Nations and the Northwest Territorial Government to significantly expand Nahanni National Park Reserve to protect over 30 000 km2 of crucial habitat for grizzly bears, woodland caribou and Dall's sheep. The six-fold expansion will help to protect the length of the South Nahanni River in the Dehcho, the highest mountains and largest glaciers in the Northwest Territories and the deepest canyons in Canada. The globally unique caves, canyons, rock towers, poljes and sinkholes of the Nahanni North Karst will be inside the new park boundary.
  • Saoyú-Dehdacho: In 2009, two peninsulas bordering on Great Bear Lake, an area of 5565 km2 (or approximately the size of Prince Edward Island) were permanently protected as Saoyú-Dehdacho National Historic Site. This site protects a cultural landscape of great importance to the people of Great Bear Lake (Sahtu). Saoyú-Dehdacho is the first northern cultural landscape protected as a national historic site and cooperatively managed by Parks Canada and an Aboriginal group.
  • Sable Island: In October 2011, the governments of Canada and Nova Scotia signed an agreement to establish Sable Island National Park Reserve. Located 290 kms offshore from Halifax, Sable Island is a windswept crescent-shaped sandbar 42 kms long that emerges from the Atlantic Ocean near the edge of the Continental Shelf. The island's sand dunes and fresh water ponds are home to over 400 wild horses and numerous migrant and breeding birds, including the rare Ipswich Savannah sparrow.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Establishing additional National Parks and National Marine Conservation Areas.
  • Conserving Canada's Heritage Places.
  • Increasing Canadians' connection with Parks Canada Places.

Map 18: Parks Canada Agency

A map of  Parcs Canada

Long description for map 18

A map of Canada with Parks Canada's protected areas network. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Environment Canada

Terrestrial

Federally Administered
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia463 005.00.0 %
UICN Category Ib1689 280.60.9 %
UICN Category II511 126.00.1 %
UICN Category III19165.00.0 %
UICN Category IV331 193.80.0 %
UICN Category V323.40.0 %
UICN Category VI6106.70.0 %
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All128104 900.61.1 %

Marine

Provincially and Federally Administered
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All (Federal)-19 589.00.3 %

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Establishment of three new NWA sites on Baffin Island in Nunavut. Akpait, Qaqulluit and Ninginganiq NWA fulfilling agreed-upon goals of the IIBA signed between the Inuit and Canada.
  • Commencement of management planning for protected areas in Canada including the drafting of 11 management plans for NWA sites in Canada.
  • Approval of a policy with respect to permitting in NWA and Migratory Bird Sanctuary sites.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Prioritization of candidate sites and the evaluation of those sites for establishment as NWA, MBS or Cooperative Wildlife Management Areas.
  • Completion of management planning for protected areas sites under the administration and control of Environment Canada.
  • Completion of legal revisions and regulatory amendments that affect the boundaries of protected areas in Canada.

Map 19: Environment Canada

Une carte du réseau d'aires protégées d'Environment Canada

Long description for map 19

A map of Canada with Environment Canada's protected areas network. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Agriculture And Agri-Food Canada

Terrestrial

Agriculture And Agri-Food Canada
IUCN CategoryNo. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
UICN Category Ia---
UICN Category Ib---
UICN Category II---
UICN Category III---
UICN Category IV909 103.20.1 %
UICN Category V---
UICN Category VI---
IUCN Category not determined---
Total
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected AreasArea Protected
(km2)
% of Total
All909 103.20.1 %

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Range health measured at over 85%.
  • Renew Representative Areas Network Memorandum of Understanding.
  • Collaboration with Environment Canada on species at risk research and recovery.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Pressure for land to be used for resource development (oil and gas), no guidelines to reduce impact.
  • Meeting legislation regulations for species at risk and environmental assessment.

Map 20: Agriculture And Agri-Food Canada

Une carte du réseau d'aires protégées

Long description for map 20

A map of Canada with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada's protected areas network. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Fisheries And Oceans Canada

Marine

Marine
IUCN Category Table2 Footnote *No. of Protected Areas Table2 Footnote **Area Protected
(km2)
% of Total
IUCN Category not determined-10 406.50.2 %

Table 1: Colombie-Britannique

Table 1: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 1

Marine protected areas have not yet been categorized in Canada.

Return to first Table1 Footnote * referrer

Table 3: Summary of terrestrial protected Footnotes 2

Most marine protected areas are not counted separately from their terrestrial part.

Return to first Table1 Footnote ** referrer

Most significant achievements in the last five years:

  • Three new Oceans Act MPAs were established:
    • Musquash Estuary (2007)
    • Bowie Seamount (2008)
    • DFO's first Arctic MPA, Tarium Niryutait (2010)
  • Management Plans have been developed (if not published) for all eight Oceans Act MPAs.
  • Multi-stakeholder public advisory bodies have been created for all eight Oceans Act MPAs.
  • The National Framework for Canada's Network of Marine Protected Areas was "approved in principle" by Ministers in September 2011 and was subsequently published to the DFO's website.
  • A new fifteen-year Canada-Quebec agreement on the St. Lawrence (the 2011–2026 St. Lawrence Action Plan) was signed by the federal and provincial governments in November 2011.

Three major planning issues and priorities over the next three to five years:

  • Proceed with bioregional MPA network planning on five priority bioregions (Pacific Northern Shelf, Western Arctic [Beaufort Sea], Gulf of St. Lawrence, Scotian Shelf and Newfoundland-Labrador Shelves) progressing through the process described in the National Framework for Canada's Network of Marine Protected Areas.
  • Enhance management, compliance and ecological monitoring of existing Oceans Act MPAs.
  • Advance seven Areas of Interest as future Oceans Act MPAs through the MPA establishment process.

Map 21: Fisheries And Oceans Canada

A map of Fisheries And Oceans Canada

Long description for map 21

A map of Canada with Fisheries and Oceans Canada's protected areas network. Each protected area corresponds to one of 8 IUCN categories. The map legend defines the IUCN categories as: Category Ia, Category Ib, Category II, Category III, Category IV, Category V, Category VI, and Unclassified. See page 11 for a detailed description of each IUCN category. Source: Conservation Areas Reporting and Tracking System (CARTS) – 2011.12.31.

Date modified: