Baie de l'Isle-Verte National Wildlife Area
Photo: Léo-Guy de Repentigny © Environment Canada.
Baie de l'Isle-Verte National Wildlife Area, landscape.
The Baie de l'Isle-VerteNational Wildlife Area (NWA) encompasses a broad expanse of marshland lying on the south shore of the Upper Estuary of the St. Lawrence River 30 km northeast of Rivière-du-Loup. With an area of 406 ha, it covers a riparian strip running some 20 km along the St. Lawrence. Established in 1980 by Environment Canada, its purpose is to protect the largest Spartina marsh in southern Quebec, the last great vestige of this habitat vital to the survival of the American Black Duck, which has led to its being designated a Wetland of International Significance under the Ramsar Convention.
The wildlife area consists of intertidal marshes made up of Spartinaassociations, swamps, farmland, peat bogs and forest patches dominated by Black Spruce. The diversity of its habitats, from the estuarine waters of the intertidal marsh to the forests, contributes to the year-round presence of a large number of animal species. The intertidal marshes with their scattered brackish ponds and the broad swathes of Spartina-dominated herbaceous vegetation provide support for nesting black ducks. More than 130 species of birds are found in this territory, including species at risk such as the Peregrine Falcon.
An estimated 35 000 migratory birds pass through the wildlife area every spring and some 10 000 every fall, among them the Greater Snow Goose, the Canada Goose, the American Black Duck, the Green-winged Teal, the Northern Pintail, the Common Eider, and the Scoter Duck. The wildlife area is considered one of the largest breeding grounds for the American Black Duck in Quebec, and more than 60 other bird species nest within its boundaries. The most common nesting species include the Red-winged Blackbird, the Song Sparrow and the Common yellowthroat. The area is also important to Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow, a species that nests very locally in Quebec. Mammals found within the wildlife area include the Snowshoe Hare, American Porcupine, Red Squirrel, Groundhog, Red Fox, muskrat and American Mink.
The wildlife area is exposed to a number of threats and management challenges, such as neighbouring land development, land drainage, the presence of invasive alien species, poaching, and oil spills.
More information on Baie de l'Isle-Verte NWAis provided in the summary table below.
National Wildlife Areas (NWAs) are protected and managed according to the Wildlife Area Regulations under the Canada Wildlife Act. The primary purpose of NWAs is the protection and conservation of wildlife and their habitat. For this purpose, and according to the legislation, Environment Canada can prohibit all activities in a NWAthat could interfere with the conservation of wildlife. Consequently, most NWAs are not accessible to the public and all activities are prohibited. Nonetheless, Environment Canada has the ability to authorize some activities, whether through public notice or the issuance of permits, as long as these are consistent with the management plan goals for the NWA. For more information, consult the NWAs Management and Activities section.
Access to the Baie de l'Isle-Verte NWAis restricted to designated areas and at certain times of the year. Public notices listing the authorized activities within the wildlife area are posted at access points and include: hiking, nature observation and photography. Hunting for migratory birds is permitted in the fall within the wildlife area with an Environment Canada permit with the exception of the restored section of the Rivière-des-Vases and Le Roîtelet trail.
Permits may be issued for research activities in keeping with the priorities set out in the management plan for the wildlife area. Permits may also be issued for other conservation activities such as surveys, or the enhancement or restoration of habitat.
Priority will be given to collaborative activities with local agencies and organizations to promote the protection and the conservation of wildlife species and their habitat in the NWA. For example, initiatives could be launched or continued with the following entities: universities or research centers to address gaps in scientific knowledge; the province to implement recovery measures for species at risk (particularly those falling under provincial jurisdiction); or non-governmental organizations or municipal authorities to build public awareness of the wildlife area's objectives.
More information on access and permitting for Baie de l'Isle-Verte NWA can be obtained by contacting the Environment Canada regional office.
Notice from Environment Canada
Environment Canada would like to inform the public that the Baie de l’Isle-VerteNational Wildlife Area (NWA)--located in the municipalities of Cacouna and Isle-Verte--is a protected area. Since its creation in 1980, the NWA has been protecting migratory birds, wildlife and wetland habitats, including the spartina marsh, an important habitat for the survival of the American black duck and several other species at risk. This area also includes a Migratory Bird Sanctuary, where it is specifically prohibited to hunt, take, injure, destroy or disturb migratory birds, their nests or their eggs.
To protect the area, the Department is informing NWA visitors of their obligation to follow certain rules, as dictated by the Canada Wildlife Act, the 1994 Migratory Birds Convention Act, and corresponding regulations. Anyone who neglects to follow these rules or obey the laws in effect may be subject to fines and prosecution.
Hiking, nature viewing, photography, using the picnic area, and accessing roads and official parking lots by motor vehicle are authorized in designated areas.
Without a permit issued by the Minister, it is strictly prohibited for anyone in the area to:
- move about (on foot, on any motor vehicle, on horse, etc.) except in designated areas;
- hunt, particularly in the Rivière-des-Vases and Le Roîtelet development area as well as on the farmland along Rue du Quai road, unless you are hunting migratory birds, in which case you must be in compliance with the authorized periods, conditions, locations and hunting instruments
- destroy or remove a plant;
- allow any domestic animal to run at large;
- swim, picnic (except in designated areas), camp or carry on any other recreational activity or light a fire;
- operate any mode of transportation;
- dump or deposit any trash.
For complete information on all applicable regulations, please consult the Canada Wildlife Act, Wildlife Area Regulations, 1994 Migratory Birds Convention Act, and Species at Risk Act at www.ec.gc.ca.
To file a complaint or report illegal activities, please contact Environment Canada by phone at 1-800-668-6767 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
This notice shall not be construed so as to abrogate or derogate from any Aboriginal, treaty or other rights of Aboriginal peoples.
Activities and services in the Baie de l'Isle-Verte National Wildlife Area are currently offered by the Corporation PARC Bas Saint-Laurent. Services offered to the public include guided hiking tours, activities to build awareness of wildlife species habitat conservation, and welcome area and information services at the Maison Girard. Please contact that organization for additional information.
Dogs allowed on leash.
Location of wildlife area (access)
Along Route 132, 30 km east of Rivière-du-Loup.
Contact information for the Corporation PARC Bas Saint-Laurent
More information on services offered to public can be obtained by contacting the Environment Canada regional office.
Map of the Area
Map of Baie de l'Isle-Verte National Wildlife Area boundaries
Long description for the Map
Map showing the location of Baie de l'Isle-Verte National Wildlife Area relative to Quebec, L'Isle-Verte, Île Verte, L’Isle-Verte Migratory Bird Sanctuary and the St. Lawrence River. The map shows the boundaries of the wildlife area, which overlaps a part of the migratory bird sanctuary and is separated into several sections spaced out along the shoreline. The scale of the map is in kilometers.
This map is for illustrative purposes only and should not be used to define legal boundaries. Baie de l’Isle-Verte National Wildlife Reserve can also be viewed using Google Maps. Please note that the Google map is a complementary source of information and does not represent the official map or site name.
|Protected Area designation||National Wildlife Area|
|Latitude/longitude||48°01’N / 69°21’W|
|Size in hectares (ha)||322 ha|
|Reason for Creation of protected area||Conservation of species and critical habitats (wetlands) – established with the objective of protecting Spartinamarshes, a habitat vital to the survival of the American Black Duck.|
|Date created (Gazetted)||1980 – Legal description|
|International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Management Category||IV – Habitat/Species Management Area: protected area aim to protect particular species or habitats and management reflects this priority.|
|Keystone or flagship species||American Black Duck, Green-winged Teal, Bobolink, Spartina alterniflora|
|Listed Species under the Species at Risk Act (SARA)||More than 13 species listed under the Species At Risk Act, including the Short-eared Owl, the Peregrine Peregrine Falcon, the Bobolink and more than six other species under provincial legislation.|
|Main habitat type||Spartina marsh in the St. Lawrence Estuary.|
|Faunistic and floristic importance||The wildlife area is a site of critical importance for nesting American Black Duck. The area is also vitally important for Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow, that could be designated as threatened or vulnerable by the provincial government. In addition, the site serves as a major staging area for the Greater Snow Goose and the Canada Goose.|
|Invasive species||Purple loosestrife|
|Main threats and challenges||Neighbouring land development, land drainage, the presence of invasive alien species, poaching, and oil spills.|
|Management Agency||Environment Canada (Canadian Wildlife Service)|
|Public access and usage||Access restricted to designated areas and at certain times of the year. Activities permitted: Welcome area and information at the Maison Girard, hiking (6 km of trails), and waterfowl hunting in the fall with an Environment Canada permit.|
Note: If there is a discrepancy between the information presented on this web page and any notice posted at the NWA site, the notice prevails as it is the legal instrument authorizing the activity.
Environment Canada – Quebec Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
801-1550, avenue d’Estimauville
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
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