National Wildlife Areas

St. Denis NWA
Photo: Todd Kemper © Environment Canada
St. Denis NWA, Saskatchewan
Columbia NWA

Photo: Blair Hammond © Environment Canada
Columbia NWA, B.C.

There are currently 54 National Wildlife Areas across Canada (some located in regions that include relatively undisturbed ecosystems) containing nationally significant habitats for animals or plants. Environment Canada's National Wildlife Areas protect approximately 1 million hectares of habitat with close to half of that area protecting marine habitat.

According to the Canada Wildlife Act, National Wildlife Areas are created and managed for the purposes of wildlife conservation, research, and interpretation. Environment Canada uses an ecosystem approach to manage and plan for National Wildlife Areas.

Access and Activities

Wellers Bay NWA

Photo: Doug Sweiger © Environment Canada
Wellers Bay NWA, Ontario

Established through the Wildlife Area Regulations, National Wildlife Areas can only be designated on lands owned by the federal government. Where lands are not federally owned, Environment Canada may enter into an agreement with the landowner to establish and cooperatively manage a wildlife area, which would not be designated under the Regulations. Partnerships can be created with the provinces, Aboriginal groups and private land owners through programs such as the Habitat Stewardship Program for Species at Risk and the Habitat Joint Ventures.

The Wildlife Area Regulations identify prohibited and permitted activities in National Wildlife Areas. All National Wildlife Areas are listed under Schedule 1 of the Regulations.

For more information on the designation and management of National Wildlife Areas, consult the Selection Criteria and Management and Activities sections. For legislation and policies, consult the Reference Documents section.

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National Wildlife Areas by province

Newfoundland and Labrador
Northwest Territories
Prince Edward Island

National Wildlife Areas

Spiers Lake NWA

Photo: © Environment Canada
Spiers Lake NWA

Alberta
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Blue Quills NWA196897
Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Suffield NWA200345,836
Meanook NWA1979214
Spiers Lake NWA198064

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Columbia NWA

Photo: Blair Hammond © Environment Canada
Columbia NWA

British Columbia
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Alaksen NWA1976329
Columbia NWA19781,007
Qualicum NWA197778
Vaseux-Bighorn NWA1979753
Widgeon Valley NWA1978125

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Pope NWA

Photo: © Environment Canada
Pope NWA

Manitoba
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Pope NWA197829
Rockwood NWA198131

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Portobello Creek NWA

Photo: © Environment Canada
Portobello Creek NWA

New Brunswick
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Cape Jourimain NWA1980662
Portage Island NWA1979349
Portobello Creek NWA19952,154
Shepody NWA19801,069
Tintamarre NWA19771,941

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Boot Island NWA

Photo: A. MacPherson © Environment Canada
Boot Island NWA

Nova Scotia
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Boot Island NWA1979107
John Lusby Marsh NWA1982432
Chignecto NWA1978552
Sand Pond NWA1977531
Sea Wolf Island NWA198276
Wallace Bay NWA1980698

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Akpait NWA

Photo: © Environment Canada
Akpait NWA

Nunavut
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Akpait NWA201079,146
Ninginganiq NWA2010336,397
Nirjutiqavvik NWA (Coburg Island)1995178,328
Polar Bear Pass NWA1985263,648
Qaqulluit NWA201039,821

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Big Creek NWA

Photo: Danny Bernard © Environment Canada
Big Creek NWA

Ontario
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Big Creek NWA1978776
Eleanor Island NWA19710.78
Long Point NWA19803,465
Mississippi Lake NWA1978277
Mohawk Island NWA19762
Prince Edward Point NWA1980523
Scotch Bonnet Island NWA19790.84
St. Clair NWA1978358
Wellers Bay NWA197874
Wye Marsh NWA197848

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Cap-Tourmente NWA

Photo: Rob Vanderkam © Environment Canada
Cap-Tourmente NWA

Quebec
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Baie de l'Isle-Verte NWA1980534
Cap Tourmente NWA19782,396
Îles de Contrecoeur NWA1981325
Îles de la Paix NWA1977187
Îles de l'Estuaire NWA1986209
Lac Saint-François NWA19781,521
Pointe-au-Père NWA198624
Pointe de l'Est NWA19781,050

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Last Mountain Lake NWA

Photo: John Dunlop © Environment Canada
Last Mountain Lake NWA

Saskatchewan
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Bradwell NWA1968123
Last Mountain Lake NWA199410,906
Prairie NWA19772,933
Raven Island NWA1982112
Stalwart NWA19691,250
St. Denis NWA1967361
Tway NWA1971250
Webb NWA1980431

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Nisutlin River Delta NWA

Photo: © Environment Canada
Nisutlin River Delta NWA

Yukon
NWA NameYear establishedSize in hectares
Nisutlin River Delta NWA19955,483

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