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Prince Edward Island

In Prince Edward Island, approximately 18 thousand hectares (2.7% of the province as of 2010) are designated as protected. Environment Canada maintains 1 protected area on Prince Edward Island, the Black Pond Migratory Bird Sanctuary (MBS), comprising over 100 hectares of the province's protected lands and waters. Currently, there are no National Wildlife Areas (NWAs) in the province.

Map of Environment Canada's Protected Areas in Prince Edward Island

Map showing Environment Canada’s only protected areas in Prince Edward Island, a Migratory Bird Sanctuary (MBS). Details can be found below. (1) Black Pond MBS

List of Protected Areas in Prince Edward Island

The table below contains information about the MBS shown on the map above. In addition to the name, year of establishment, and size of each protected area, the table indicates how the site fits into national and international networks of conservation areas. The following entities may be noted:

Ramsar: Wetland of International Importance
IBA: Important Bird Area
WHSRN: Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network
MAB: Biosphere reserve of the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Programme

This table provides information on migratory bird sanctuaries such as the name of sanctuary, the year it was established, the size in hectares and notes.

Migratory Bird Sanctuaries
No.NameYear establishedSize in hectaresNotes
1Black Pond MBS1936130 
Total:  130 


Access and Permitting

Although access to NWAs is not restricted, the primary purpose of these areas is to protect and conserve wildlife and their habitats, and therefore most NWAs are not equipped with facilities to accommodate public visitation. Unless otherwise posted, all recreational activities are prohibited within NWAs.

Although access to most MBSs is not restricted either, the primary intent of these sanctuaries is to protect migratory birds, and therefore hunting, as well as disturbing or molesting migratory birds, their eggs, nests or habitat, is prohibited.

A permit may be obtained from the Minister of the Environment authorizing the conduct of certain activities in an NWA or MBS, if the Minister or delegate is of the opinion that the proposed activity:

  • will not interfere with the conservation of wildlife; or
  • is consistent with the purpose for which the protected area was established; and
  • is consistent with the management plan for the protected area.

Contact Information

Additional information on entry, prohibited activities, and permits in Environment Canada's protected areas is provided on the Management and Activities web pages of the National Wildlife Areas and Migratory Bird Sanctuaries. For more information on Environment Canada's protected area in Prince Edward Island, please contact the regional Environment Canada office: 

Environment Canada - Atlantic Region
Canadian Wildlife Service
Protected Areas Program
17 Waterfowl Lane
Sackville, New Brunswick
E4L 1G6
Toll Free: 1-800-668-6767 (in Canada only)
Email: enviroinfo@ec.gc.ca