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Environmental Enforcement Act

New Fine Scheme under the Environmental Enforcement Act

The table below sets out the new fine scheme authorized under the Environmental Enforcement Act (EEA).

New Fine Scheme under the Environmental Enforcement Act
OffenderType of OffenceSummaryIndictment
MinimumMaximumMinimumMaximum
Individuals
Most serious offences
$5 000
$300 000
$15 000
$1 M
Other offences
N/A
$25 000
N/A
$100 000
Small Corporations & Ships under 7500 tonnes
Most serious offences
$25 000
$2 M
$75 000
$4 M
Other offences
N/A
$50 000
N/A
$250 000
Corporations & Ships over 7500 tonnes
Most serious offences
$100 000
$4 M
$500 000
$6 M
Other offences
N/A
$250 000
N/A
$500 000

All fines doubled for second and subsequent offences.

In addition:

  • Court may impose a fine that is less than the minimum amount provided in the EEA if the minimum fine would cause undue financial hardship

  • The court must order offenders to pay an additional fine equal to any benefit, advantage or property gained as a result of the offence

  • Under the wildlife acts (the Canada Wildlife Act, the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, and the Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act) the fine for an offence involving more than one specimen may be calculated as though each one had been the subject of separate charges

  • All fines will be directed to the Environmental Damages Fund (EDF)
    • Community groups and other organizations can apply for funding from the EDF for restoration and other environmental protection projects